Wednesday, August 31, 2022

Culture Of Lithuania

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Lithuanian language

The Lithuanian language (lietuvi kalba) is the country’s official state language and is recognized as one of the European Union’s official languages. In Lithuania, there are approximately 2.96 million native Lithuanian speakers, with another 0.2 million living overseas.

Lithuanian is a Baltic language that is closely related to Latvian, but the two languages are incomprehensible to each other. It is written in a Roman script that has been modified. Lithuanian is thought to be the most linguistically conservative extant Indo-European language, preserving numerous Proto Indo-European characteristics.

Literature

There is a significant amount of Lithuanian literature written in Latin, the Middle Ages’ primary academic language. The edicts of Lithuanian King Mindaugas are a great example of this kind of writing. Another important legacy of Lithuanian Latin literature is Gediminas’ Letters.

In the 16th century, the first Lithuanian literary works in the Lithuanian language were produced. Martynas Mavydas composed and published The Simple Words of Catechism, the first printed Lithuanian book, in 1547, marking the birth of printed Lithuanian literature. Mikalojus Dauka with Katechizmas was just behind him. Lithuanian literature in the 16th and 17th centuries, like that of the rest of Christian Europe, was mainly religious.

Kristijonas Donelaitis, one of the most important writers of the Age of Enlightenment, brings the old (14th–18th century) Lithuanian literature to a close. The Seasons, a poem by Donelaitis, is a milestone in Lithuanian fiction writing.

Maironis, Antanas Baranauskas, Simonas Daukantas, and Simonas Staneviius exemplify Lithuanian literature in the first half of the nineteenth century, with a combination of Classicism, Sentimentalism, and Romanticism. The Lithuanian press was banned during the Tsarist conquest of Lithuania in the 19th century, leading to the creation of the Knygneiai (Book Smugglers) organization. This movement is credited for ensuring the survival of Lithuanian language and literature to the present day.

Juozas Tumas-Vaigantas, Antanas Vienuolis, Bernardas Brazdionis, Vytautas Maernis, and Justinas Marcinkeviius exemplify 20th-century Lithuanian literature.

Arts and museums

The Lithuanian Art Museum, first opened in 1933, is the country’s biggest museum of art conservation and exhibition. The Palanga Amber Museum is one of the most significant museums in the area, with amber artifacts making up a large portion of the collection.

Mikalojus Konstantinas iurlionis (1875–1911), an internationally famous musician, was perhaps the most well-known person in Lithuania’s cultural world. The asteroid 2420 iurlionis, discovered in 1975, is named after him. Kaunas is home to the M. K. iurlionis National Art Museum and the Vytautas the Great War Museum, Lithuania’s sole military museum.

Music

Lithuanian folk music is associated with neolithic corded ware civilization and belongs to the Baltic music branch. In Lithuanian-populated regions, two instrument cultures collide: stringed (kankli) and wind instrument cultures. Lithuanian folk music is ancient, mainly utilized for rituals, and has paganism religious components. In Lithuania, there are three historical singing styles associated with ethnic regions: monophony, heterophony, and polyphony. Sutartins, Wedding Songs, War-Historical Time Songs, Calendar Cycle and Ritual Songs, and Work Songs are examples of folk song genres.

Mikalojus Konstantinas iurlionis is the most well-known painter and composer in Lithuania. He composed about 200 pieces of music throughout his brief life. His writings have had a significant impact on contemporary Lithuanian culture. Only after his death were his symphonic poems In the Forest (Mike) and The Sea (Jra) played.

Vytautas Mikinis (born 1954) is a professor, composer, and choir director of the uoliukas, a well-known Lithuanian boys’ chorus. He is well-liked both in Lithuania and internationally. He has approximately 400 secular works and around 160 religious works to his credit.

Choral music is extremely significant in Lithuania. Vilnius is the only city to have three European Grand Prix for Choral Singing laureates (Brevis, Jauna Muzika, and Chamber Choir of the Conservatoire). The Lithuanian Song and Dance Festival (Dain vent) has a long-standing history. In 1924, the first one was held in Kaunas. The event has been held every four years since 1990 and attracts about 30,000 singers and folk dancers from all across the nation. The Lithuanian Song and Dance Festival was classified as a UNESCO Masterpiece of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity in 2008, together with its Latvian and Estonian counterparts.

Marijonas Mikutaviius is well known for writing the unofficial Lithuanian national song, “Trys milijonai” (English: Three million).

Cuisine

Lithuanian cuisine uses ingredients that are suitable to the country’s cold, wet northern climate: barley, potatoes, rye, beets, greens, berries, and mushrooms are all produced locally, and dairy products are a specialty. Lithuanian food has some parallels to Scandinavian cuisine since it shares its climate and agricultural methods with Northern Europe. Nonetheless, it has distinct characteristics that have been shaped by a number of forces throughout the course of the country’s long and arduous history.

Lithuanians, Poles, and Ashkenazi Jews share numerous foods and drinks as a result of their shared history. Dumplings (koldnai, kreplach, or pierogi), doughnuts spurgos or (pczki), and blynai crêpes are examples (blintzes). German food impacted Lithuanian cuisine, bringing pig and potato dishes such potato pudding (kugelis or kugel) and potato sausages (vdarai), as well as the baroque tree cake akotis. Eastern (Karaite) cuisine is the most exotic of all the influences, and the dishes kibinai and eburekai are famous in Lithuania. During Napoleon’s journey through Lithuania in the 19th century, the Torte Napoleon was created.

How To Travel To Lithuania

By plane The majority of airlines fly into Vilnius International Airport and the smaller coastal Palanga Airport, although Ryanair flies into Kaunas International Airport. Latvia's Riga airport provides a viable option for travel to northern Lithuania. By train Vilnius is accessible by rail from Moscow, Saint Petersburg, Minsk, and Kaliningrad. It should be...

How To Travel Around Lithuania

By train Litrail, Lithuania's state-owned railroad, provides service to the country's main cities. The majority of trains also make stops at minor stations along the route. Other than public transit, a portion of those smaller stations is inaccessible. In comparison to Western Europe, fares are low: Vilnius-Kaunas is about €5...

Visa & Passport Requirements for Lithuania

Lithuania is a signatory to the Schengen Treaty. Between nations that have signed and implemented the pact, there are usually no border restrictions. This covers the majority of the European Union as well as a few additional nations.Before boarding foreign planes or vessels, identification checks are typically performed. At land...

Destinations in Lithuania

Regions in Lithuania The country's complex historical history is reflected in regional variations in Lithuanian culture. In the present territory of Lithuania, five ethnic areas, or regions, have emerged since the thirteenth century: AukštaitijaNortheastern and eastern region; the name means Highlands SamogitiaŽemaitija (meaning Lowlands), north-western region Dzūkija (Dainava)Southeastern region Sūduva (Suvalkija)Southern and south-western region Lithuania MinorCoastal region Even...

Accommodation & Hotels in Lithuania

The cost of lodging is highly dependent on the location. For example, a decent hotel room in Jonikis (Northern Lithuania) may be had for €25, while a comparable one in Vilnius might cost up to €100. Some hotels do not have their own websites. Nonetheless, the Internet is a...

Things To See in Lithuania

Lithuania is the most southern of the Baltic nations, and its historic legacy distinguishes it from the other two. Few visitors would realize that this tiny but colorful country was once the biggest in Europe when they visit today. A few monuments remain as memories of the Grand Duchy...

Things To Do in Lithuania

Druskininkai and Palanga are the finest places to visit if you're looking for some health treatment or leisure. Neringa is an excellent choice for a relaxing, peaceful vacation where you can reconnect with yourself. Basketball is the national sport, and the whole country is obsessed with it (comparable to the...

Food & Drinks in Lithuania

Food in Lithuania Meat, potato, veggies, and a curd sauce of some kind are common ingredients in Lithuanian meals. The cepelinai, or zeppelins, are meat-filled potato-starch-based zeppelin-shaped masses that are typically coated in a sour cream, butter, and pig cracklings sauce. Pork is more often consumed than beef. Vegans will,...

Money & Shopping in Lithuania

The euro is used in Lithuania. This single currency is used by a number of European nations. In all nations, all euro banknotes and coins are legal tender. 100 cents are split into one euro. The euro's official sign is €, and its ISO code is EUR. The cent does not...

Festivals & Holidays in Lithuania

Public holidays in Lithuania DateEnglish NameLocal NameRemarksJanuary 1New Year's DayNaujieji metaiFebruary 16the Day of Restoration of the State of Lithuania (1918)Lietuvos valstybės atkūrimo dienaMarch 11Day of Restoration of Independence of Lithuania (from the Soviet Union, 1990)Lietuvos nepriklausomybės atkūrimo dienaThe first Sunday after the full moon that occurs on or soonest...

Traditions & Customs in Lithuania

Lithuanians are a Baltic nation, yet tourists sometimes incorrectly believe they are related to Russians. Lithuanians are a separate Baltic ethnic group with their own language (Lithuanian), which is one of the earliest Indo-European languages and belongs to the Baltic branch of Indo-European languages (not the Slavic). Although there is...

Internet & Communications in Lithuania

Land line phones For landline phones, there is a monopoly operator, TEO (now "TeliaSonera AB"), which is a joint venture between Sweden (Telia) and Finland (Sonera). Landline phones are widely available across the United States. Cards, which may be found in kiosks, "TEO," or newspaper stands, are used with phones. Mobile...

Language & Phrasebook in Lithuania

Lithuanian is the official language of Lithuania, and it is one of only two languages on the Baltic branch of the Indo-European family (the other being Latvian). Despite Lithuanian's resemblance to many other European languages, its ancient grammar makes it difficult for outsiders inexperienced with the language to construct...

History Of Lithuania

In the Middle Ages, Lithuania, which was founded in the middle of the 13th century and stretched from the Baltic to the Black Sea, was a vast feudal kingdom that merged with Poland to create a commonwealth in 1569. Lithuania was a member of the Polish Lithuanian Commonwealth until...

Stay Safe & Healthy in Lithuania

Stay Safe in Lithuania Lithuania is a safe nation in general. However, you should take the following precautions: When visiting potentially dangerous neighborhoods late at night, exercise caution. It is better to stroll along major highways after dark than than taking a short cut through a park or apartment complex, since...

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