Latvian (Latvieu valoda) is the country’s sole official language. It is linked to the Lithuanian language and belongs to the Baltic language group of Indo-European languages, although it is distinct enough to be difficult to understand even for native Lithuanian speakers.
With a few exceptions, Latvian utilizes the Latin alphabet in the same way as English does. Some terms, such as restorns, which means restaurant, are acquired from other languages and are relatively simple to understand when spoken, while others, such as veikals, which means shop, have distinct origins and are considerably more difficult, if not impossible, to understand. The grammatical rules in this language are complicated. Minor modifications to a word’s meaning, such as adding a prefix, may entirely transform the meaning of a phrase. For example, the word dzvot means “to live,” while the term izdzvot means “to survive.”
The Latvian language has a very simple pronunciation. The emphasis is nearly always on the first syllable at the beginning of the term. However, certain letters, like as e and o, have complex rules about how they should be pronounced in different words. Words like loks, which may mean a leek or a bow, and zle, which can indicate a hall, grass, or (informally) weed, can have various pronunciations depending on the context.
Only 1.5 million people speak Latvian as a first language, the most of them live in Latvia, although some also live in Ireland, the United Kingdom, Canada, the United States, Russia, Brazil, and Australia.
Since Latvia was a part of the Soviet Union, most people speak fluent Russian in addition to Latvian. Due to the greater Russian influence in certain areas of south-eastern Latvia, such as Daugavpils, Russian may still be the predominant language.
Since the country’s independence, English has gradually replaced Russian. It is fair to assume that you will be able to get by speaking just English, particularly when conversing with younger Latvians, since the younger generation has usually stronger English abilities than the older generation as a result of globalization and the impact of Western media and culture.