Italy is a member of the Schengen Agreement.
- There are normally no border controls between the countries that have signed and implemented the treaty. This includes most countries of the European Union and a few other countries.
- Before boarding an international flight or ship, there is usually an identity check. Sometimes there are temporary checks at land borders.
- Similarly, a visa issued for a member of the Schengen area is valid in all other countries that have signed and implemented the treaty.
Foreign military personnel entering Italy under a Status of Forces Agreement do not need a passport and are only required to present their valid military ID and deployment orders. However, their family members are not exempt from the visa requirement.
All non-EU, EEA or Swiss citizens staying in Italy for 90 days or less must declare their presence in Italy within 8 days of arrival. If your passport was stamped upon arrival in Italy, the stamp will be considered as such a declaration. Usually, a copy of the hotel registration is sufficient if you are staying in a hotel. Otherwise, however, you must go to a police station to fill in the form (dichiarazione di presenza). If you do not do this, you risk exclusion. Travellers staying longer than 90 days do not need to fill in this declaration but must have the appropriate visa and obtain a residence permit (permesso di soggiorno).
Minimum validity of travel documents
- EU, EEA and Swiss citizens, as well as certain non-EU citizens who are exempt from the visa requirement (e.g. New Zealanders and Australians), only need to present a passport that is valid for the entire stay in Italy.
- Other nationals who are subject to visa requirements (e.g. South Africans) and even some who are not (e.g. travellers from the United States) must have a passport valid for at least three months beyond the duration of their stay in Italy.
- For more information, visit this website of the Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs.