The largest airports are served by the major European airlines. Intercontinental airlines mainly land in Rome and Milan, with Rome being the main international gateway to the country.
Most mid-range international flights arrive in the following Italian cities:
- Rome – with two airports: Fiumicino (FCO – Leonardo da Vinci) and Ciampino (CIA) for low-cost airlines
- Milan – with two airports: Malpensa (MXP) and Linate (LIN); in addition, Bergamo (BGY – Orio al Serio) is sometimes called “Milan Bergamo”.
- Bologna (BLQ – Guglielmo Marconi)
- Naples (PAN – Capodichino)
- Pisa (PSA – Galileo Galilei)
- Venice (VCE – Marco Polo); in addition, Treviso (TSF – Antonio Canova) is sometimes called “Venice Treviso”.
- Turin (TRN – Sandro Pertini)
- Catania (CTA – Vincenzo Bellini)
- Bari (BIS – Palese)
- Genoa (GOA – Cristoforo Colombo)
Major airlines in Italy
- Alitalia (IATA: AZ), +39 892010. Italy’s national airline and national carrier. It is part of the SkyTeam alliance and also cooperates and code-shares with other airlines outside the alliance. Rome Fiumicino (IATA: FCO) is the main hub, while Milano Malpensa (IATA: MXP) plays a secondary role.
- Ryanair (IATA: FR), +39 899 55 25 89. Ten bases plus eleven other destinations in Italy.
- easyjet (IATA: U2), +39 199 201 840. Two bases and many destinations in Italy.
- Wizz Air (IATA: W6), +39 899 018 874. Connects some Italian airports with Eastern Europe.
- Blu Express (IATA: BV), +39 06 98956677. Mainly focused on domestic routes, it connects Rome Fiumicino with some international destinations.
- Meridiana Fly (IATA: IG), +39 89 29 28. Mainly operating in Sardinia, it offers seasonal flights to New York, London, Moscow, Tel Aviv and some other international destinations.
- From Austria via Vienna, Innsbruck and Villach
- From France via Nice, Lyon and Paris
- From Germany via Munich
- From Spain via Barcelona
- From Switzerland via Basel, Geneva and Zurich
- From Slovenia via Ljubljana to Opicina, a small village above Trieste, or via Nova Gorica and a short walk to Gorizia, Italy.
If you are travelling to or from France on the Thello sleeper train, take a few minutes to buy sandwiches or other food before the journey.
Italy has borders with France, Austria, Switzerland and Slovenia. All borders are open (without passport and customs controls), but cars can be stopped behind the border for random checks. Switzerland is now part of the Schengen area and has stopped systematic checks on travellers at its land borders since December 2008.
With Eurolines. There are regular buses between Ljubljana, the Slovenian coastal towns and Istria (Croatia) and Trieste (Italy). These services are cheap and from Trieste there are many connections to the rest of Italy. There is also a bus service from Malmö, Sweden, via Denmark, Germany and Switzerland, crossing the country before returning to Sweden.
There are several ferries from Greece, Albania, Montenegro and Croatia. Most of them arrive in Venice, Ancona, Bari and Brindisi.
There are regular ferry connections between the island of Corsica in France and Genoa, Livorno, Civitavecchia, Naples and the north of Sardinia. Barcelona is connected to Civitavecchia and Genoa.
Regular ferry services connect Sicily and Naples with some North African ports.
There is a hydrofoil service connecting Pozzallo, on the south-east coast of Sicily, with Malta.
There is a year-round connection between Trieste and Albania and summer connections between Trieste and Piran (Slovenia) and Porec and Rovinj in Croatian Istria. The connection between Trieste and Rovinj takes less than 2 hours, which is faster than the bus connection.