Thursday, August 11, 2022

Destinations in Iceland

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Regions in Iceland

Southwest Iceland
The capital, Reykjavk, and the bulk of the island’s inhabitants are located here.

West Fjords
Rugged terrain with hundreds of fjords surrounded by high hills, sparsely inhabited.

West Iceland
Snfellsjökull glacier, Breiafjörur islands, and more.00

North Iceland
Stunning lava fields and raging waterfalls.

East Iceland
More fjords and the sole international passenger ferry port in East Iceland.

South Iceland
The Golden Circle is one of the most famous tourist attractions in the city.

Interior
Mountains that have been glaciated.

Cities and towns in Iceland

  • Reykjavík (REYG-ya-veeg) — The capital and biggest city of Iceland.
  • Akureyri (Ahk-oo-rey-rih) — The biggest town outside of the Southwest and the capital of the north
  • Egilsstaðir (AY-yill-stath-ihr) — The main town in the east, offers some of Iceland’s finest weather.
  • Hafnarfjörður (HAP-nar-FYERTH-er) — A charming village on the outskirts of the capital.
  • Höfn (HEP’n) — The largest city on the southeastern coast.
  • Húsavík (HOOS-ah-veek) — During the summer, one of the most dependable whale-watching locations in the world.
  • Ísafjörður (EES-ah-FYERTH-er) — The largest town in Iceland’s Westfjords.
  • Selfoss (SEL-fos) — The biggest town in south Iceland and the center of the major agricultural area
  • Stykkishólmur (STICK-is-hole-mur) — The main settlement on the Snfellsnes peninsula and the entrance to the Breiafjörur islands

Other destinations in Iceland

Most visitors don’t go far from the city, which is a shame since some of Iceland’s most breathtaking vistas can be found farther afield. Many tour operators provide trips that may be readily accessible from any of Iceland’s main towns, including Reykjavik and Akureyri. They will fly you about and take you to the glaciers and big volcanoes for a little cost. The cheapest option, though, is to hire a car and drive about since none of these sites demand an admission price.

National Parks

  • Þingvellir National Park (pronounced “THING-vet-lihr”) is a UNESCO World Heritage site and a national park in Iceland. Reykjavik is 30 to 50 kilometers (20 to 30 miles) east. It’s fascinating for many reasons: it’s the birthplace of the world’s longest-running parliament (the name literally translates to ‘parliamentary fields,’ and it’s where the North-American and European continental shelf plates are separating.
  • Vatnajökull National Park (VAT-nah-yer-CUDDLE) – The previous Skaftafell and Jokulsargljufur National Parks were combined to create Iceland’s newest national park, which was established in 2008. At 12,000 km2, Vatnajökull National Park is Europe’s biggest national park, encompassing approximately 12% of Iceland’s land area. Hvannadalshnkur, Iceland’s tallest peak, Vatnajökull, Iceland’s biggest glacier, and Dettifoss, Europe’s greatest waterfall in terms of volume flow, are all found in the park.
  • Snfellsjökull National Park (SNY-fetls-yer-CUDDLE) – This park, located on the point of the Snfellsnes Peninsula in western Iceland, is home to the ice-covered volcano crater that inspired Jules Verne’s novel Journey to the Center of the Earth.

Other Attractions

  • Blue Lagoon – (Icelandic: Bláa Lónið) (BLAU-ah LONE-eeth) A well-known outdoor pool and fitness club. The spa is located at Grindavk, on Iceland’s Reykjanes Peninsula, in the south-western part of the country. It’s around 13 kilometers (8 miles) from Keflavik International Airport and 39 kilometers (24 miles) from Reykjavik. The milky blue water of this geothermal spa in the midst of a lava landscape is very strange.
  • Mývatn (MEE-fatn) – Mvatn, a lake area in Akureyri in northern Iceland, has an otherworldly look due to the unique sorts of volcanic craters found around the lake. Smajfall (a desert where sulfuric vapour rises from the earth) and Dimmuborgir are two of the many activities available in this region (aka the Black City and the Gates of Hell).
  • Gullfoss – The Golden Falls. The river Hvtá cascades down a double cascade in the outskirts of Iceland’s harsh interior, approximately 100 kilometers east of Reykjavk, to produce what many consider Iceland’s most magnificent waterfall.
  • Geysir – 10 kilometers west of Gullfoss is a geothermal hotspot. The geyser Geysir (from which the English term “geyser”) is no longer consistently active, although Strokkur next door does, every five to ten minutes.
  • Jökulsárlón (the Jökulsár Lagoon) – The magnificent glacial lake at Höfn on Route 1 in southeast Iceland. Between 1920 and 1965, the Breiamerkurjökull glacier receded rapidly, creating this magnificent lagoon with a depth of up to 190 meters. The lagoon is supplied with icebergs every year because icebergs break off from the glacier. In 2002, the James Bond film Die Another Day was shot here.
  • Landmannalaugar – A stunning natural wonderland accessible by bus (or 4×4) from Reykjavik. It is located in the interior and provides a glimpse of Iceland’s desolate highlands.
  • Þórsmörk (Thor’s Mark) – Þórsmörk is a very gorgeous and somewhat secluded location tucked nestled between three glaciers. In the summer, Icelanders love camping there. Hiking paths abound across the region, offering magnificent views of the surrounding glaciers and lava formations. It can only be reached by truck or bus, therefore check with a tourist information center regarding excursions to órsmörk.

How To Travel To Iceland

By plane Iceland is readily accessible by air, with Keflavk (IATA: KEF) in the southwest of the country, approximately 40 kilometers from Reykjavk, serving as the major international airport. The airport itself is sparse, so pack books or other kinds of entertainment if you have a long stopover. Iceland is not...

How To Travel Around Iceland

By plane Airplanes, like buses or trains in other countries, are Iceland's primary mode of internal transportation. If you're entering one of the fjords, such as Akureyri, be aware that the trip may be a little rough. Air Iceland, Atlantic Airways, and Eagle Air provide scheduled service to neighboring locations such...

Visa & Passport Requirements for Iceland

Iceland is a signatory to the Schengen Treaty. Between nations that have signed and implemented the pact, there are usually no border restrictions. This covers the majority of the European Union as well as a few additional nations. Before boarding foreign planes or vessels, identification checks are typically performed. At land...

Accommodation & Hotels in Iceland

You won't regret taking an eye mask with you if you come during the heat. There is no real night throughout the summer, and the sun may only drop for a few minutes below the horizon in the north. Reserving a month or more in advance for travel during the...

Things To See in Iceland

The Gullfoss waterfall is awe-inspiring.Geysir, the most famous of all geysers, and Strokkur, which erupts every five minutes or so.Þingvellir National Park, is a magnificent environment of water-cut lava fields that is historically significant as the location of Iceland's parliament, which dates back to 930 AD.Vatnajökull glacier, Europe's biggest,...

Things To Do in Iceland

Blue Lagoon, a geothermal spa, is a popular attraction and pastime. It's conveniently located between the capital and the main airport, making it accessible to the majority of tourists.There are many hiking possibilities in Iceland. If you decide to go off the beaten route, sturdy ankle-supporting walking boots are...

Food & Drinks in Iceland

Food in Iceland As the popularity of various kinds of food has grown, Icelandic cuisine has shifted significantly in recent decades, from mostly featuring lamb or fish in some form or another. Vegetarian diets are more difficult to follow, although there are many vegetarian restaurants in Reykjavik, and vegetarian meals...

Money & Shopping in Iceland

Currency The Icelandic króna (kr or ISK) is the native currency, and its value plummeted during the 2008 financial crisis. It is currently trading at about €1 = 140 kr as of May 2016. This has also made local pricing more accessible to visitors, despite the fact that import prices...

Festivals & Holidays in Iceland

Christmas: Follows the Western church's calendar. On Christmas Eve (December 24), Christmas Day (December 25), New Year's Eve (December 31), and New Year's Day (January 1), stores are typically closed (1 January).Iceland has a total of 13 jule lads. Historically, the jule lads were pranksters who made amends by...

Traditions & Customs in Iceland

Some Icelanders claim to believe in huldufólk, or concealed people, and some even claim to have seen them. They are similar to elves, although they are generally seen as distinct entities. There is even a museum dedicated to the hidden people in Reykjavik. This is an old Icelandic belief...

Internet & Communications in Iceland

Telephone Call 112 from any phone in an emergency. These calls are free, and an emergency services operator will ask you which services you need (police, fire, ambulance, coastguard, rescue teams, civil protection, and child abuse protection), as well as your location. The phone numbers for non-urgent calls vary depending on where...

Language & Phrasebook in Iceland

Icelandic (slenska) is the official language of Iceland, which is extremely close to, but not identical to, 13th-century Norse. Icelandic lettering utilizes the Latin alphabet, but includes two letters that have long since been lost in English: eth (,), which sounds like the voiced th of "they," and thorn(,),...

Culture Of Iceland

The origins of Icelandic culture may be found in North Germanic traditions. Icelandic literature, particularly the sagas and eddas produced throughout the High and Late Middle Ages, is well-known. Centuries of isolation have helped to protect Iceland's Nordic culture from other influences; one notable example is the preservation of...

History Of Iceland

Settlement and Commonwealth 874–1262 Celtic monks known as the Papar, presumably members of a Hiberno-Scottish mission, existed in Iceland before Scandinavian immigrants arrived, according to both Landnámabókand slendingabók. Recent archaeological investigations in Hafniron, on the Reykjanes peninsula, have uncovered the remains of a cabin. It was abandoned between 770 and...

Stay Safe & Healthy in Iceland

Stay Safe in Iceland 112 is the number to call in an emergency. Iceland is one of the safest countries in the world, so you're unlikely to be robbed or harassed. This does not apply to Reykjavik, which has seen an increase in petty theft and nighttime violence. When enjoying the...

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