Wednesday, October 27, 2021

Destinations in Iceland

EuropeIcelandDestinations in Iceland

Regions in Iceland

Southwest Iceland
The capital, Reykjavk, and the bulk of the island’s inhabitants are located here.

West Fjords
Rugged terrain with hundreds of fjords surrounded by high hills, sparsely inhabited.

West Iceland
Snfellsjökull glacier, Breiafjörur islands, and more.00

North Iceland
Stunning lava fields and raging waterfalls.

East Iceland
More fjords and the sole international passenger ferry port in East Iceland.

South Iceland
The Golden Circle is one of the most famous tourist attractions in the city.

Mountains that have been glaciated.

Cities and towns in Iceland

  • Reykjavík (REYG-ya-veeg) — The capital and biggest city of Iceland.
  • Akureyri (Ahk-oo-rey-rih) — The biggest town outside of the Southwest and the capital of the north
  • Egilsstaðir (AY-yill-stath-ihr) — The main town in the east, offers some of Iceland’s finest weather.
  • Hafnarfjörður (HAP-nar-FYERTH-er) — A charming village on the outskirts of the capital.
  • Höfn (HEP’n) — The largest city on the southeastern coast.
  • Húsavík (HOOS-ah-veek) — During the summer, one of the most dependable whale-watching locations in the world.
  • Ísafjörður (EES-ah-FYERTH-er) — The largest town in Iceland’s Westfjords.
  • Selfoss (SEL-fos) — The biggest town in south Iceland and the center of the major agricultural area
  • Stykkishólmur (STICK-is-hole-mur) — The main settlement on the Snfellsnes peninsula and the entrance to the Breiafjörur islands

Other destinations in Iceland

Most visitors don’t go far from the city, which is a shame since some of Iceland’s most breathtaking vistas can be found farther afield. Many tour operators provide trips that may be readily accessible from any of Iceland’s main towns, including Reykjavik and Akureyri. They will fly you about and take you to the glaciers and big volcanoes for a little cost. The cheapest option, though, is to hire a car and drive about since none of these sites demand an admission price.

National Parks

  • Þingvellir National Park (pronounced “THING-vet-lihr”) is a UNESCO World Heritage site and a national park in Iceland. Reykjavik is 30 to 50 kilometers (20 to 30 miles) east. It’s fascinating for many reasons: it’s the birthplace of the world’s longest-running parliament (the name literally translates to ‘parliamentary fields,’ and it’s where the North-American and European continental shelf plates are separating.
  • Vatnajökull National Park (VAT-nah-yer-CUDDLE) – The previous Skaftafell and Jokulsargljufur National Parks were combined to create Iceland’s newest national park, which was established in 2008. At 12,000 km2, Vatnajökull National Park is Europe’s biggest national park, encompassing approximately 12% of Iceland’s land area. Hvannadalshnkur, Iceland’s tallest peak, Vatnajökull, Iceland’s biggest glacier, and Dettifoss, Europe’s greatest waterfall in terms of volume flow, are all found in the park.
  • Snfellsjökull National Park (SNY-fetls-yer-CUDDLE) – This park, located on the point of the Snfellsnes Peninsula in western Iceland, is home to the ice-covered volcano crater that inspired Jules Verne’s novel Journey to the Center of the Earth.

Other Attractions

  • Blue Lagoon – (Icelandic: Bláa Lónið) (BLAU-ah LONE-eeth) A well-known outdoor pool and fitness club. The spa is located at Grindavk, on Iceland’s Reykjanes Peninsula, in the south-western part of the country. It’s around 13 kilometers (8 miles) from Keflavik International Airport and 39 kilometers (24 miles) from Reykjavik. The milky blue water of this geothermal spa in the midst of a lava landscape is very strange.
  • Mývatn (MEE-fatn) – Mvatn, a lake area in Akureyri in northern Iceland, has an otherworldly look due to the unique sorts of volcanic craters found around the lake. Smajfall (a desert where sulfuric vapour rises from the earth) and Dimmuborgir are two of the many activities available in this region (aka the Black City and the Gates of Hell).
  • Gullfoss – The Golden Falls. The river Hvtá cascades down a double cascade in the outskirts of Iceland’s harsh interior, approximately 100 kilometers east of Reykjavk, to produce what many consider Iceland’s most magnificent waterfall.
  • Geysir – 10 kilometers west of Gullfoss is a geothermal hotspot. The geyser Geysir (from which the English term “geyser”) is no longer consistently active, although Strokkur next door does, every five to ten minutes.
  • Jökulsárlón (the Jökulsár Lagoon) – The magnificent glacial lake at Höfn on Route 1 in southeast Iceland. Between 1920 and 1965, the Breiamerkurjökull glacier receded rapidly, creating this magnificent lagoon with a depth of up to 190 meters. The lagoon is supplied with icebergs every year because icebergs break off from the glacier. In 2002, the James Bond film Die Another Day was shot here.
  • Landmannalaugar – A stunning natural wonderland accessible by bus (or 4×4) from Reykjavik. It is located in the interior and provides a glimpse of Iceland’s desolate highlands.
  • Þórsmörk (Thor’s Mark) – Þórsmörk is a very gorgeous and somewhat secluded location tucked nestled between three glaciers. In the summer, Icelanders love camping there. Hiking paths abound across the region, offering magnificent views of the surrounding glaciers and lava formations. It can only be reached by truck or bus, therefore check with a tourist information center regarding excursions to órsmörk.