Sunday, August 7, 2022

Language & Phrasebook in Hungary

EuropeHungaryLanguage & Phrasebook in Hungary

Read next


A road sign in both the current (Roman) and ancient Hungarian scripts welcomes visitors to the town of Vonyarcvashegy near Keszthely—the latter of which, also known as rovásrás or “Hungarian runes,” is only used ceremonially or as a symbol of national pride.

Hungarians are justifiably proud of their language, which is distinctive, deep, nuanced, and highly expressive (Magyar pronounced “mahdyar”). It is a Uralic language related to the Mansi and Khanty of western Siberia. It is further subdivided into the Finno-Ugric languages, which include Finnish and Estonian; it is not linked to any of its Indo-European language family neighbors, which include Slavic, Germanic, and Romance languages. Although they are related to Finnish and Estonian, they are not mutually understandable. Aside from Finnish, it is regarded as one of the most difficult languages for English speakers to learn due to the drastically diverse vocabulary, complex syntax, and pronunciation. As a result, it is not unexpected that an English speaker visiting Hungary understands none of what is written or said in Hungarian. After becoming a Christian country in the year 1000, Hungary did adopt the Latin alphabet.

Most English-speakers find most aspects of the written language difficult to understand, including a number of unusual sounds like gy (often pronounced like the d in “during” in British English) and (vaguely like a long English e as in me with rounded lips), as well as agglutinative grammar that results in frightening-sounding words like eltéveszthetetlen(unmistakable) and viszontlátá (goodbye). Furthermore, the letters may be pronounced differently than in English: the “s” always has a “sh” sound, the “sz” always has the “s” sound, and the “c” is pronounced like the English “ts,” to mention a few. On the plus side, it uses the familiar Roman alphabet (although with many accents) and, unlike English, has almost complete phonemic spelling. This implies that if you learn how to pronounce the 44 letters of the alphabet as well as the digraphs, you will be able to correctly pronounce nearly every Hungarian phrase. Misinterpretation or complete misunderstanding may result from a single change in pronunciation, vowel length, or emphasis. Because the emphasis is always on the first syllable of each word, all the goodies on top of the vowels are pronunciation signals rather than stress indications, like in Spanish. Diphthongs are almost non-existent in Hungarian (except adopted foreign words). One of the many profound grammatical differences between Hungarian and most European languages is that the verb “to have” in the sense of possession does not exist or is not required – the indicator of possession is attached to the possessed noun rather than the possessor, e.g. Kutya = dog, Kutyám = my dog, Van egy kutyám = I have a dog, or literally “Is one dog-my”. Hungarian has a highly precise case system, including grammatical, locative, oblique, and less productive cases; for example, a noun used as a subject has no suffix, but when used as a direct object, the letter “t” is added as a suffix, with a vowel if required. One advantage of Hungarian is that there is no grammatical gender, even with the pronouns “he” or “she,” which are both “”, so there is no need to worry about the random Der, Die, Das kind of stuff that happens in German; “the” is just “a.” In Hungarian, like in Asian languages, the family name comes before the given name. The list of distinctions is endless, including the definite and indefinite conjugational systems, vowel harmony, and so on. Attempting anything beyond the fundamentals will win you a lot of respect since so few non-native Hungarians bother to study any of this tiny, apparently tough, yet interesting language.

Foreign languages

Because English is increasingly required in schools, addressing individuals in their teens, twenties, or lower thirties increases the likelihood that they will speak English well enough to assist you.

However, because of Hungary’s history, the older generation had less access to foreign language instruction, thus your odds are lower, and very low for those over 60. A handful of Hungarians know Russian, which was mandatory during the Communist period, but most Hungarians want to forget it, thus use it only as a last option. German is also extremely helpful in Hungary: it is nearly as commonly spoken as English, and almost universally so near the Austrian border, particularly in Sopron, which is legally bilingual and has extensive connections with Vienna owing to its proximity to the Vienna suburban trains. In these situations, and with elderly people in general, German will almost always go you far further than English.

In Hungary, bigger towns with universities, such as Budapest, Debrecen, Miskolc, and Szeged, have a far higher chance of finding someone speaking a foreign language (mainly English and German). In remote regions, the chances are much lower, especially among young individuals.

How To Travel To Hungary

By plane Liszt Ferenc Airport in Budapest, Airport Debrecen in Debrecen, and FlyBalaton Airport in Sármellék are Hungary's international airports. Malév (Hungarian Airlines), Hungary's flag airline, was decommissioned in early 2012. There are many low-cost carriers that fly to Budapest, including Ryanair, Wizzair, Easyjet, Eurowings, and Airberlin. By train With regular trains...

How To Travel Around Hungary

By plane There are currently no regular domestic flights in Hungary. Due to Budapest's central location and the fact that almost every place in the nation can be reached in three hours by rail or bus, there is no demand for scheduled domestic flights. People with a valid pilot's license, on...

Visa & Passport Requirements for Hungary

Hungary is a signatory to the Schengen Agreement. Border restrictions are usually not required between nations that have signed and implemented the pact. This covers the majority of the European Union as well as a few additional nations.Before boarding foreign planes or boats, passengers' identities are typically checked. Temporary border...

Destinations in Hungary

Regions in Hungary Central HungaryBecause of the capital, Budapest, this is the most visited region of the nation. Lake BalatonSiófok, the unofficial summer capital of Lake Balaton, attracts tens of thousands of tourists each year. TransdanubiaThis ancient area west of the Danube is one of the country's most economically prosperous. Northern HungaryHere you...

Accommodation & Hotels in Hungary

Hostels The cost varies a lot. Expect to spend between €6 and €10 for the lowest accommodation in a youth hostel in Budapest, although the average cost in a hostel is €20-22 per person. Farmhouses In Hungary, village tourism is popular and well-developed, and it may be a memorable experience. 1Hungary ,...

Things To See in Hungary

Hungary is home to a number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites. The Danube Banks, the Buda Castle Quarter, and Andrássy Avenue are all part of Budapest.Hollók's Old Village and its SurroundingsBeautiful caverns with dripstones and stalagmites at Aggtelek National Park.Pannonhalma's Millenary Benedictine Abbey and its Natural EnvironmentNational Park of Hortobágy...

Things To Do in Hungary

Birdwatching Hungary is a great location for a birding vacation. The puszta consists of forested slopes, extensive fish pond systems, and grasslands. The Kiskunsag and Hortobagy National Parks, as well as the Aggtelek, Bukk, and Zemplen Hills, are particularly beautiful. Riding a horse Hungary is an excellent nation for horseback...

Money & Shopping in Hungary

Money Hungarian currency is denoted by the Forint, abbreviated HUF or Ft. Bills are available in quantities of HUF20,000, 10,000, 5,000, 2,000, 1,000, and 500; coins are available in values of HUF200 (two coloured, equivalent to €1), 100 (two coloured, similar to €2), 50, 20, 10, and 5. Most hotels, as...

Festivals & Holidays in Hungary

Public holidays DateEnglish nameLocal nameRemarks1 JanuaryNew Year's DayÚjévAccording to legend, eating lentil soup on this day makes people wealthy, rolling out strudel dough ensures long life, and eating poultry causes luck to "fly away."15 MarchNational DayNemzeti ünnepDay of Remembrance for the 1848 Revolution (which aimed the independence of the Hungarian...

Traditions & Customs in Hungary

Many Hungarians still have mixed feelings about the 1956 Revolution. You should avoid any discussion of the Treaty of Trianon (1920) since the Hungarians may be quite sensitive to it. The open exhibition of the Communist red star and hammer and sickle emblem, the Nazi swastika and SS insignia, and...

Culture Of Hungary

Architecture Hungary is home to Europe's largest synagogue (Great Synagogue), which was completed in 1859 in Moorish Revival style with a capacity of 3000 people, Europe's largest medicinal bath (Széchenyi Medicinal Bath), which was completed in 1913 in Modern Renaissance Style and is located in the City park, Hungary's largest...

Stay Safe & Healthy in Hungary

Stay Safe in Hungary Hungary is a fairly safe nation in general. Petty crime, in particular, continues to be a problem, as it does in any other nation. On public transportation, keep an eye on your belongings and pockets. Pickpockets are a real threat. Thieves often target passports, cash, and credit...

Food & Drinks in Hungary

Food in Hungary Menu prices for main meals are typically 2000 - 4000 HUF in touristic areas of Budapest, and 1500 - 2200 HUF outside of the city, or in towns such as Eger and Szentendre. A two-course lunch with a soft drink costs between 1500 and 8000 HUF per person...



South America


North America

Most Popular