Eleftherios of Venizélos International AirportAthens, near Spáta, on the outskirts of Athens, is the country’s largest airport and main hub, handling more than 15 million passengers per year since 2006. Other major international airports in terms of passenger traffic are, in order of passengers handled per year, Heraklion (Nikos Kazantzákis Int’l), Thessaloniki (Makedonia Int’l), Rhodes (Diagóras) and Corfu (Ioánnis Kapodístrias).
Athens and Thessaloniki operate most of the scheduled international flights. However, during the tourist season, several charter flights and scheduled low-cost flights arrive daily from many European cities to many islands and small towns on the mainland.
Olympic Air (formerly Olympic Airlines) operates flights to Greece from various cities in Europe, the Middle East and South East Asia. Aegean Airlines, which holds half of the domestic market, also operates international routes to Greece from a growing number of European cities. Sky Express is the second largest airline in Greece and operates both domestic routes and international on-demand routes.
Athens is also well served by airlines from all over Europe, the Middle East, North America and Southeast Asia, with flights from their respective hubs.
The presence of low-cost carriers in the Greek international market has increased tenfold in the last ten years. They offer flights to Athens and Thessaloniki from several other European locations, such as Easyjet (from London Gatwick, London Luton, Manchester, Milan, Paris and Berlin), Virgin Express (from Brussels), Transavia (Amsterdam), German Wings (Cologne/Bonn and Stuttgart), Hemus Air (Sofia), Sterling (Copenhagen, Stockholm, Gothenburg and Oslo), LTU (Düsseldorf), MyAir (Venice), Norwegian Air (Warsaw, Katowice and Krakow), Wizzair (Katowice and Prague), FlyGlobeSpan (Glasgow) and Vueling (Barcelona). Ryanair (Bergamo, Rome, Frankfurt-Hahn, Charleroi and Pisa) offers flights to small Greek airports (Volos, Rhodes and Kos).
Due to the bad economic situation, Greek Railways has stopped all international trains since 13 February 2011.
The national railway company is Trainose (Τραινοσέ).
Thessaloniki is the hub of Greece for international rail traffic. Trains connect Thessaloniki with Sofia (3 per day), Bucharest (1 per day), Istanbul (2 per day) and Belgrade via Skopje (2 per day).
There were special fares such as the Flexipass Balkans and other offers, for example the City Star Ticket from the Czech Republic to Greece.
You can enter Greece by car from any of its land neighbours. From Italy, ferries carry cars and passengers to Greece (see section on ships). From Western Europe, the most popular route to Greece is via Yugoslavia. After the unrest in the former Yugoslavia in the 1990s, most Western European motorists came to Italy by land and took a trans-Adriatic ferry from there. Although the countries of the former Yugoslavia have since stabilised and Hungary, Romania and Bulgaria offer another, albeit much longer, alternative, the overland route via Italy is still the most popular option today.
There is limited international bus service to neighbouring Albania, Bulgaria, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia and Turkey, as well as to Serbia and Georgia.
From Italy, the main Adriatic sea routes connect the ports of Venice, Ancona, Bari and Brindisi in Italy with Patras and Igoumenitsa on the Greek mainland. Several ferries also connect Italy with the Ionian Islands, but mainly during the summer months. Travel time varies from a minimum of about 8 hours from Brindisi to Igoumenitsa to a maximum of 26 hours from Venice to Patras. Many ferries depart daily for Greece.
There are ferries from Turkey: from Marmaris to Rhodes, from Cesme to Chios, from Bodrum to Kos, from Kusadasi to Samos.
There are also ferries connecting Piraeus and Rhodes with Alexandria (Egypt), Larnaca and Limassol (Cyprus) and Haifa (Israel).