Wednesday, January 26, 2022

Destinations in Greece

EuropeGreeceDestinations in Greece

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Regions in Greece

  • The Peloponnese (Achée, Arcadia, Argolida, Corinth, Elis, Laconia, Messinia)
  • Central Greece (Evvia, Attica, Boeotia, Phthiotis, Phocis, Evrytania, Aetolia-Acarnania).
    Location of the national capital, Athens
  • Thessaly (Magnesia, Larissa, Trikala, Karditsa)
  • Northern Greece (Kastoria, Florina, Kozani, Grevena, Pella, Imathia, Pieria, Kilkis, Thessaloniki, Chalkidiki, Serres, Mount Athos, Drama, Kavala, Xanthi, Rhodopes, Evros)
  • Epirus (Arta, Ioannina, Preveza, Thesprotia)
  • Greek Islands (Saronic Gulf Islands, Cyclades, Dodecanese, Rhodes, Sporades, East Aegean, North Aegean, Ionian Islands)
  • Crete (Crete, Gavdos, Chrysi)

Cities in Greece

The larger cities include:

  • Athens – the capital, famous for the Parthenon
  • Thessaloniki – the most important city in the northern region of Macedonia
  • Chania – surrounded by beaches and the Samaria National Park
  • Chersonissos – the party capital of Crete in summer
  • Heraklion – the largest city in Crete and the main centre with the archaeological site of Knossos
  • Patra – known for its wine production
  • Larissa – a lively agricultural and university town
  • Rhodes – impressive medieval structures, nightlife and beaches
  • Volos – coastal port with beautiful museums and architecture

Islands in Greece

Greece has an extremely large number of islands, with estimates ranging from about 1 200 to 6 000, depending on the minimum size to be considered. The number of inhabited islands ranges from 166 to 227.

The largest Greek island by area is Crete, which lies on the southern edge of the Aegean Sea. The second largest island is Evia, which is separated from the mainland by the 60-metre-wide Strait of Euripus and is administered as part of the region of Central Greece. After the third and fourth largest Greek islands, Lesbos and Rhodes, the remaining islands occupy two-thirds or less of the area of Rhodes.

The Greek islands are traditionally divided into the following groups: The Argo-Saronic Islands in the Saronic Gulf near Athens; the Cyclades, an important but dense group occupying the central part of the Aegean; the North Aegean Islands, a free group off the west coast of Turkey; the Dodecanese, another free group in the southeast between Crete and Turkey; the Sporades, a small, limited group off the coast of Euboea, and the Ionian Islands, located west of the continent in the Ionian Sea (one of these islands, Kythera, lies off the southern tip of the Peloponnese peninsula and belongs to the Attica region, but is nevertheless counted as part of the Ionian Islands, mainly for historical reasons). There are also many islands, islets and rocks surrounding the coast of Crete.

  • Corfu – big island with many attractions
  • Ithaca – the famous house of Odysseus
  • Mykonos – world famous and sophisticated holiday
  • Rhodes – island with ancient monuments and beaches
  • Santorini – a volcanic island known for its magnificent views, towns and sunsets
  • Crete
  • Euboea
  • Lesbos
  • Kefalonia
  • Zakynthos
  • Thassos
  • Lefkada
  • Kos
  • Ios
  • Skiathos
  • Skopelos

Other destinations

  • Delphi – site of the famous Oracle of Apollo, an important archaeological site
  • Ithaca – the famous house of Odysseus
  • Meteors – Monasteries on Hills
  • Mount Athos – semi-independent republic, home to many Orthodox monasteries (restricted access).
  • Olympia – sanctuary dedicated to Zeus, venue of the ancient Olympic Games

How To Travel To Greece

By planeEleftherios of Venizélos International AirportAthens, near Spáta, on the outskirts of Athens, is the country's largest airport and main hub, handling more than 15 million passengers per year since 2006. Other major international airports in terms of passenger traffic are, in order of passengers handled per year, Heraklion...

How To Travel Around Greece

General considerationsA common question asked by travellers in Greece is whether they should rent a car. The main advantage of a car is that you can cover much more distance per day if you are travelling to rural areas or the larger islands: You can travel almost anywhere in...

Visa & Passport Requirements for Greece

Greece is a member of the Schengen Agreement.There are normally no border controls between the countries that have signed and implemented the treaty. This includes most countries of the European Union and a few other countries.Before boarding an international flight or ship, there is usually an identity check. Sometimes...

Tourism in Greece

Tourism in Greece is a key element of the country's economic activity and is one of the country's most important sectors. Greece has been a major tourist destination and attraction in Europe since ancient times because of its rich culture and history, much of which is reflected in its...

Weather & Climate in Greece

Greece, although small in size, has a very diverse climate.The majority of the country, which includes all coastal areas, has a so-called Mediterranean climate, which is nearly the same as most parts of California. Summers are hot and dry with a period of 7 months of almost constant sunshine,...

Accommodation & Hotels in Greece

If you like local traditions and charm, the quiet rhythm of life, small family guesthouses are the best way to enrich your experience. The owners and staff are friendly and approachable, compared to the impersonal service you usually find in big hotels.If you have a larger budget, renting a...

Things To See in Greece

Few countries can boast such an important heritage for Western civilisation as Greece. A number of first-class historical monuments recall the time when the great Greek emperors and writers shaped the development of science, literature and democracy. No fewer than 17 of these monuments are inscribed on the World...

Things To Do in Greece

There are a variety of activities to indulge in in Greece. One of the most unique, which is also becoming increasingly popular, is to stop for several days at Mount Olympus, the mythical palace of the 12 gods of Greek mythology, on the way from Athens to Thessaloniki.

Food & Drinks in Greece

Food in GreeceGreek cuisine is a mixture of local traditions and foreign influences. The neighbouring countries of Italy and Turkey have a great influence on Greek cuisine, and there are dishes in common with both nations. The traditional Greek diet is very Mediterranean, with vegetables, herbs and grains from...

Money & Shopping in Greece

Products you can buy at home, but which are (usually) fresh in Greece, include olive oil, fruit (watermelon, melon, peaches, grapes, strawberries, etc.), feta cheese and some local breads and sweets. As for drinks, "retsina" and "tsipouro" are also local, but the former has a special taste and the...

Festivals & Holidays in Greece

The following days are national holidays:New Year's Day - 1 JanuaryEpiphany - 6 JanuaryClean Monday (first day of Lent) - mobileIndependence and Annunciation Day - 25 MarchGood Friday - mobileEaster Sunday - mobilePasha Monday - mobileMay Day / Labour Day - 1 MayWhitsunday - mobileWhit Monday - mobileDormition of...

Traditions & Customs in Greece

The Greeks judged politeness by a person's behaviour and not by their words. There is also an informal atmosphere; everyone is treated like a cousin. They use their hands a lot to make gestures. Have fun with it. Sometimes over-emphasising politeness in spoken language only leads your conversation partner...

Internet & Communications in Greece

NewsYou can check with various news agencies that offer Greek news in English, such as the official news agency of Athens and Reuters or Kathimerini, English Edition (a daily newspaper published in Athens and distributed exclusively with the International New York Times in Greece and Cyprus), but it is...

Language & Phrasebook in Greece

Greek is the official language of the country and the mother tongue of the vast majority of the population, although the English-speaking visitor has no significant language problems. English is the most widely learned and understood foreign language in Greece, followed by French, Italian and German. A basic knowledge...

Culture Of Greece

The culture of Greece has developed over thousands of years, beginning with Mycenaean Greece and continuing in Classical Greece, under the influence of the Roman Empire and its Eastern Greek extension, the Eastern Roman Empire or Byzantium. Other cultures and nations, such as the Latin and Frankish states, the...

History Of Greece

Ancient and Classical periodsThe first evidence of the presence of human ancestors in the southern Balkans, dating back to 270,000 BC, was found in the Petralona Cave in the Greek province of Macedonia. The three stages of the Stone Age (Palaeolithic, Mesolithic and Neolithic) are represented in Greece, for...

Stay Safe & Healthy in Greece

Stay safe in GreeceGreece is generally a safe destination: the vast majority of people you deal with are honest and helpful. The above information is intended to warn travellers of the risks that can affect them with little but not zero probability. There is also a serious social problem...

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