Saturday, September 18, 2021

Destinations in Greece

EuropeGreeceDestinations in Greece

Regions in Greece

  • The Peloponnese (Achée, Arcadia, Argolida, Corinth, Elis, Laconia, Messinia)
  • Central Greece (Evvia, Attica, Boeotia, Phthiotis, Phocis, Evrytania, Aetolia-Acarnania).
    Location of the national capital, Athens
  • Thessaly (Magnesia, Larissa, Trikala, Karditsa)
  • Northern Greece (Kastoria, Florina, Kozani, Grevena, Pella, Imathia, Pieria, Kilkis, Thessaloniki, Chalkidiki, Serres, Mount Athos, Drama, Kavala, Xanthi, Rhodopes, Evros)
  • Epirus (Arta, Ioannina, Preveza, Thesprotia)
  • Greek Islands (Saronic Gulf Islands, Cyclades, Dodecanese, Rhodes, Sporades, East Aegean, North Aegean, Ionian Islands)
  • Crete (Crete, Gavdos, Chrysi)

Cities in Greece

The larger cities include:

  • Athens – the capital, famous for the Parthenon
  • Thessaloniki – the most important city in the northern region of Macedonia
  • Chania – surrounded by beaches and the Samaria National Park
  • Chersonissos – the party capital of Crete in summer
  • Heraklion – the largest city in Crete and the main centre with the archaeological site of Knossos
  • Patra – known for its wine production
  • Larissa – a lively agricultural and university town
  • Rhodes – impressive medieval structures, nightlife and beaches
  • Volos – coastal port with beautiful museums and architecture

Islands in Greece

Greece has an extremely large number of islands, with estimates ranging from about 1 200 to 6 000, depending on the minimum size to be considered. The number of inhabited islands ranges from 166 to 227.

The largest Greek island by area is Crete, which lies on the southern edge of the Aegean Sea. The second largest island is Evia, which is separated from the mainland by the 60-metre-wide Strait of Euripus and is administered as part of the region of Central Greece. After the third and fourth largest Greek islands, Lesbos and Rhodes, the remaining islands occupy two-thirds or less of the area of Rhodes.

The Greek islands are traditionally divided into the following groups: The Argo-Saronic Islands in the Saronic Gulf near Athens; the Cyclades, an important but dense group occupying the central part of the Aegean; the North Aegean Islands, a free group off the west coast of Turkey; the Dodecanese, another free group in the southeast between Crete and Turkey; the Sporades, a small, limited group off the coast of Euboea, and the Ionian Islands, located west of the continent in the Ionian Sea (one of these islands, Kythera, lies off the southern tip of the Peloponnese peninsula and belongs to the Attica region, but is nevertheless counted as part of the Ionian Islands, mainly for historical reasons). There are also many islands, islets and rocks surrounding the coast of Crete.

  • Corfu – big island with many attractions
  • Ithaca – the famous house of Odysseus
  • Mykonos – world famous and sophisticated holiday
  • Rhodes – island with ancient monuments and beaches
  • Santorini – a volcanic island known for its magnificent views, towns and sunsets
  • Crete
  • Euboea
  • Lesbos
  • Kefalonia
  • Zakynthos
  • Thassos
  • Lefkada
  • Kos
  • Ios
  • Skiathos
  • Skopelos

Other destinations

  • Delphi – site of the famous Oracle of Apollo, an important archaeological site
  • Ithaca – the famous house of Odysseus
  • Meteors – Monasteries on Hills
  • Mount Athos – semi-independent republic, home to many Orthodox monasteries (restricted access).
  • Olympia – sanctuary dedicated to Zeus, venue of the ancient Olympic Games