Sunday, August 7, 2022

Festivals & Holidays in Finland

EuropeFinlandFestivals & Holidays in Finland

Read next

Public holidays in Finland

Acts of Parliament establish all public holidays in Finland. The official holidays are split into two categories: Christian and non-Christian festivals. Christmas, New Year’s Day, Epiphany, Easter, Ascension Day, Pentecost, Midsummer Day, and All Saints’ Day are the major Christian festivals. May Day and Finland’s Independence Day are non-Christian festivals.

Furthermore, all Sundays are official holidays, although they are not as significant as the special holidays. The titles of the Sundays are based on the liturgical calendar and may be classified as Christian festivals. When the normal working week in Finland was shortened to 40 hours by an act of Parliament in the late 1960s, it also meant that all Saturdays became de facto public holidays, although not official ones. Easter and Pentecost are Sundays that are part of a larger festival and are preceded by special Saturdays.

Several Christian festivals that were formerly observed on working days or on set dates have been shifted to Saturdays and Sundays. Midsummer Day was relocated to the Saturday after June 19th in 1955, the Annunciation to the Sunday after March 21st (or, if this overlaps with Easter or Palm Sunday, the Sunday before Palm Sunday), and All Saints’ Day to the Saturday after October 30th. More holidays were shifted in 1973, including Epiphany, which was moved to the Saturday after January 5th, and Ascension Day, which was moved to the Saturday preceding the usual Thursday, but these changes were restored in 1991.

Tradition

Christmas Eve and Midsummer Eve may be the two most significant holidays for Finns throughout the year. Surprisingly, they are not officially named holidays and are not noted on calendars, but for most people, they are not working days, and in reality, they vary from official holidays only in that most stores are open from early morning until noon on such days. They have this de facto status owing to certain legislative declarations, but also because most work contracts include these days as complete holidays. A number of the less significant major holidays are also preceded by de facto half days, which means that working hours in certain (but not all) workplaces are reduced. These dates are Maundy Thursday, May Day, and New Year’s Eve.

Working hours were shorter on Saturdays (4…5 h) than on other weekdays (8 h) before the 5 day working week was widely adopted in Finland in the late 1960s, but they were also shorter on all eves of public holidays, such as the eve of Epiphany, the eve of All Saints’ Day, and even Christmas Eve and Midsummer Eve. However, since Saturdays were no longer considered working days, new contracts eliminated similar shortenings from other holiday eves, with the exception of Midsummer and Christmas Eve, which also became de facto vacations.

Special flag days are also included in the Finnish calendar. The designation of a day as a flag day has no formal relationship to its ultimate designation as an official or de facto holiday. However, May Day, Midsummer Day, and Independence Day are both flag days and public holidays.

Finland celebrates a national holiday on December 6th. Minor observances are also recorded in the Finnish calendar, although they have not been deemed worthy of holiday or flag day status.

How To Travel To Finland

By plane Helsinki-Vantaa Airport, located near Helsinki, is Finland's major international hub. There are bases for Finnair, SAS, and Flybe, as well as Norwegian Air Shuttle, which offers local and international flights. Around 30 international airlines fly to Helsinki-Vantaa, an airport that was initially constructed to serve the 1952 Olympic...

How To Travel Around Finland

By plane Flights are the quickest but also the most costly mode of transportation. The new low-cost airlines, on the other hand, offer rates that are as low as half of rail prices on routes between the north and south. In certain instances, flying through Riga may be less expensive...

Visa & Passport Requirements for Finland

Finland is a signatory to the Schengen Agreement. Border restrictions are usually not required between nations that have signed and implemented the pact. This covers the majority of the European Union as well as a few additional nations. Before boarding foreign planes or boats, passengers' identities are typically checked. Temporary border...

Accommodation & Hotels in Finland

Accommodation in Finland is costly, with average hotel rooms costing €100 or more per night. Many big hotels are less expensive on weekends and in the summer. Check out local chains Cumulus, Scandic, Finlandia, and Sokos in addition to the typical international names. The tiny but rapidly expanding Omena...

Things To See in Finland

On a hot and bright summer day, Helsinki, the Baltic's DaughterTurku's historical buildings and the surrounding Archipelago Sea are best seen from a yacht or the deck of a large vehicle ferry.Puttering about Porvoo, Finland's second-oldest city, with its beautiful wooden homesRenting a vehicle and touring Eastern Finland's Lake...

Things To Do in Finland

Sport Finland is not the adrenaline-filled winter sports paradise you would imagine, missing rugged mountains and crenellated fjords: the typical Finnish hobby is cross-country skiing over mostly flat terrain. You'll need to go to Lapland and destinations like Levi and Saariselkä if you want to do downhill skiing or snowboarding. Ice...

Food & Drinks in Finland

Food in Finland Finnish cuisine is strongly inspired by its neighbors, with potatoes and bread serving as mainstays, with a variety of fish and meat dishes on the side. Milk or cream has historically been seen as an essential component of the diet and is often used as an ingredient...

Money & Shopping in Finland

Currency The euro is used in Finland. It is one of many European nations that utilize the Euro. All euro banknotes and coins are legal tender across the EU. One euro is made up of 100 cents. The euro's official sign is €, and its ISO code is EUR. The cent does...

Traditions & Customs in Finland

Finns are generally laid-back when it comes to manners and dressing up, and a visitor is unlikely to offend them by accident. In most cases, common sense is sufficient, however there are a few of considerations to bear in mind: Finns are a notoriously quiet people with little time for...

Internet & Communications in Finland

By mail Posti, Finland's postal service, is quick, dependable, and expensive. A postcard or regular letter to a local address costs €1.20/1.10 (express/economy; max 20g), whereas a postcard or regular letter to an international destination costs €1.30/1.20. Land has its own postal service, complete with its own stamps. There are...

Language & Phrasebook in Finland

Finland is officially bilingual in Finnish (suomi) and Swedish (svenska), with both languages being taught in almost all schools (with varying results). Also acknowledged in the constitution are Sami, Romani, and Finnish sign language, although they are not spoken outside of their own areas and the people are multilingual...

Culture Of Finland

Literature Although written Finnish may be traced back to Mikael Agricola's translation of the New Testament into Finnish during the Protestant Reformation, few significant works of literature were produced until the nineteenth century and the emergence of a Finnish national Romantic Movement. This inspired Elias Lönnrot to compile and publish...

History Of Finland

Prehistory According to archaeological evidence, the region that is now Finland was inhabited when the previous ice age's ice sheet retreated about 8500 BCE during the Stone Age. The items left behind by the earliest immigrants have features with those discovered in Estonia, Russia, and Norway. The first humans were...

Stay Safe & Healthy in Finland

Stay Safe in Finland Crime Finland has a low crime rate and is, in general, a relatively safe location to visit. While shopping, parents often leave their sleeping infants in a baby carriage on the street, while in the countryside, vehicles and home doors are frequently left unlocked. Use caution at night,...

Asia

Africa

South America

Europe

North America

Most Popular