Because the local Eastern European style driving culture may be hazardous for the untrained, it is recommended to walk, bike, or use public transportation in Estonia.
Estonia has a well-developed bus system that runs across the nation. A direct bus from Tallinn may take you to almost any place. Other major cities, like as Narva–Pärnu and Tartu–Kuressaare, have their own bus lines. Peatus.ee is a fantastic route planner that is available in English, Estonian, and Russian. Bussireisid.ee has a more user-friendly schedule search and booking facility (notice that printouts of electronic tickets may not be accepted; check the website for details!) Tickets may also be purchased from the driver.
The condition of the roads varies. The majority of highways are two lanes, although the Narva–Tallinn route is an excellent four-lane motorway. Unless otherwise stated, the speed limit is 90 km/h in the countryside and 50 km/h in towns. Seat belts are required for all passengers. Lights must be turned on at all times.
Parking vehicles are charged a price in the core sections of larger cities, although locating a supplier of tickets may be problematic due to the extensive use of mobile parking.
There are several vehicle rental businesses in Estonia, and their personnel speak a good level of English. Rent is less expensive than in Western Europe. The Tallinn International Airport’s Level 0 has agency counters.
Driving in Estonia is very simple, but it may be a little more inconvenient than in Western Europe or the United States. Although most drivers are courteous, they may not adhere to speed limits and other traffic regulations, particularly when overtaking. Speeding is not tolerated, as shown by regular police radar checks and stationary speed cameras on key roadways. In comparison to Western Europe or, for example, Poland, Estonian roads have relatively little traffic. Estonian rules prohibiting driving while intoxicated are severe and adopt a zero-tolerance approach. However, be wary of inebriated pedestrians. They’re not unheard of.
There are numerous domestic flights in Estonia, mostly between the mainland and the islands. Tallinn to Kuressaare or Kärdla is served by Avies on a regular basis. Pärnu to Ruhnu and then to Kuressaare is served by Luftverkehr Friesland-Harle.
The railway network in Estonia does not cover the whole nation. Thanks to significant EU investment, the quality of railway lines and services is gradually increasing. The aging Soviet diesel locomotives have recently been replaced by modern trains.
Elron has been in charge of all domestic passenger train operations since 2014. Tickets are available for purchase on board. You may also purchase them online, at major stations, or at one of the few ticket machines, although this is only recommended for first-class tickets, which are restricted in quantity and may sell out. When purchasing tickets via the internet, you will get a -10% discount.
The cost of a one-way ticket from Tallinn to Tartu in first class is just €14.20.
BaltiCCycle, an international cycling initiative, may be able to offer you with a wealth of information and assistance.
In general, hitchhiking in Estonia is a pleasant experience. Hitchhiking is quite popular in the Baltic nations.