- Prague is the capital, and it has an amazing historic center (and famous monuments such as the Astronomical Clock, Charles Bridge, and Prague Castle).
- Olomouc is a lively university town with the second biggest historic center in the Czech Republic after Prague.
- Český Krumlov – Lovely city with a castle.
- Holašovice – town with a maintained baroque style
- Telč – renaissance town that has been beautifully maintained
- Zelená Hora – church with a distinct baroque style
- Litomyšl – chateau renaissance and historic center
- Kutná Hora – The town is a silver mining town with a Gothic cathedral and other attractions.
- Vila Tugendhat in Brno
- Třebíč – preserved jewish quarter
- Lednice-Valtice Area – cultural landscape with chateaus, castles, ponds, and gardens…
- Kroměříž – Garden and Arcbishop Palace
Castles and chateaux
In the Czech Republic, there are around 2000 castles, castle ruins, and chateaux. There will be a castle or chateau nearby no matter where you go in the Czech Republic.
Castles are iconic features of the Czech countryside. Most castles are located on top of a hill and provide a great view of the landscape. Some of the castles are simply ruins, while others have been well-preserved with original interiors, furnishings, and so on. For example, the most picturesque and intriguing are: Loket Castle, Karlštejn Castle, Kost Castle, Rabí Castle ruin, Český Šternberk Castle, Bezděz Castle, Křivoklát Castle, Bouzov Castle and Pernštejn Castle.
Every Czech town, whether Renaissance, Baroque, or Neo-Classical, has its own castle. As an example: Konopiště’ Chateau, Valtice Chateau, Lednice Chateau, Hluboká nad Vltavou Chateau, Kuks Chateau, Mikulov Chateau, Vranov nad Dyjí Chateau, Jaroměřice nad Rokytnou Chateau, Červená Lhota Chateau, Děčín Chateau and Orlík Chateau.
The Czech Republic is home to a plethora of magnificent churches. The Gothic St. Vitus Cathedral in Prague Castle is perhaps the most significant. It is significant to the Czech people since it was the coronation and last resting site of Bohemian monarchs. It houses a repository housing the most valuable relics of the country as well as the bones of the patron saint, Wenceslaus.
Another Gothic gem is the massive St. Barbara’s Church in Kutná Hora, which is included on the UNESCO World Heritage List. St. Barbara is the patron saint of miners, which is especially fitting in Kutná Hora, which rose to prominence in the Middle Ages as a result of its vast silver mines.
Among the other highlights are Pilsen’s St. Bartholomew’s Cathedral, Hradec Králové’s Cathedral of the Holy Spirit, Olomouc’s Saint Wenceslas Cathedral, and Brno’s Cathedral of St. Peter and St. Paul.
- Kladruby Monastery
- Brevnov Monastery
- Plasy Monastery – cistercian
- Vyssi Brod Monastery
- Svata Hora u Pribrami
- Krkonoše NP
- Šumava NP
- Bohemian Switzerland NP
- Podyjí NP
- The Macocha Caves, located north of Brno, are well worth a visit. A guided tour of the caverns is available, which will take you through a maze of twisting tunnels with close-up views of stalactites and stalagmites. The trip concludes with an underground river boat ride.
- The Battle of Austerlitz – Slavkovské bojiště is one of the most significant occurrences in European history in the nineteenth century.
- Brno’s Technical Museum (nice and modern)
- Lakes under Palava (mountains). These lakes are really river dams, but they are great for sailing and fishing (you must have a fishing license) since they are teeming with large fish.
- Mikulčice archaeological site, historic capital of the Great Moravian Empire (c. 900 AD).