Larnaca International Airport (LCA) is Cyprus’s major airport, located on the outskirts of Larnaka.
The former major international airport, situated southwest of Nicosia, is currently on the Green Line that separates the Greek and Turkish portions of Cyprus; it has been closed since 1974.
Cyprus is served by a number of airlines, the most important of which being Cypriot Cyprus Airways. Most major European cities (e.g., London, Birmingham, Manchester, Frankfurt, Paris, Amsterdam, Rome, Milan) and many Eastern European nations have airline connections. There are additional links to virtually every capital in the Middle East. There are no flights from the south to Turkey.
There is a regular and inexpensive (€1.50) public bus service from the airport to downtown Larnaca, although it is poorly marked. The bus stop is located on the departure hall level (upstairs) and is marked with a sign displaying a sequence of three-digit bus numbers. Buses arrive at “Finikoudes,” a beach in Larnaca from where buses to other destinations in Cyprus depart (see “getting around” section).
Kapnos Airport Shuttle also provides a direct Larnaca Airport – Nicosia, Nicosia – Larnaca Airport Bus service. The trip takes about 30-45 minutes (depending on traffic and time of day), and a one-way ticket costs €8 per person. Throughout the night, there are bus services.
Cyprus and Greece are sometimes linked by ferries. For the time being, services between Israel and Egypt have been discontinued; nevertheless, there are 2 and 3 day cruises operating in the summer months from approximately April to October that transport tourists one way between Israel and Cyprus. There are also short cruises to Syria, Lebanon, Rhodes, the Greek Islands, the Black Sea, and the Adriatic. The ferry service from Greece to Limassol operates from Piraeus, Rhodes, and Ayios Nikolaos in Crete. The itinerary may be seen here: You may also take a freighter from Italy, Portugal, Southampton, and other European cities. See Grimaldi Freighter Cruises for the chance to transport a vehicle to Cyprus at any time of year.
Taşucu is connected to Girne (north of Nicosia) by a frequent ferry service from Turkey.
Traveling to and from the north
Prior to Cyprus’s admission to the European Union, proof of entrance to Northern Cyprus led in, at the very least, denial of entry to the Greek portion of Cyprus. Following the admission, and in accordance with EU law that deems Cyprus to have been accepted in whole, an entrance to the Turkish portion is officially an entry to the entire Cyprus and must thus not result in any disadvantage to EU passengers. Travelers from non-EU member countries (such as Turkish nationals) must enter the island via one of the legal entrance points (i.e. entry points in the island’s southern half) in order to visit the southern part.
When asked whether the border is accessible to US Americans over the phone in June 2006, the Cyprus embassy in Washington did not say ‘No,’ but did suggest going via the legal points on the Greek side. Different organizations and online sites make various claims. However, there are recent (2012) instances of individuals entering Northern Cyprus from Turkey and passing the border without incident, despite the fact that it was seen while leaving Cyprus.
The major border crossings between the south and north are as follows:
- Astromerits/Zodhia (by car only)
- Agios Dometios/Kermia/Metehan
- Ledra Palace (by car or foot) – the oldest crossing, just outside the walls of old Nicosia to the west of the city
- Strovilia near Agios Nikolaos – located at the eastern part of the island
- Ledras Str. (foot only) – the new pedestrian crossing opened in 2008. Located at the old “dead-end” of the most popular street of Nicosia.
Crossing the green line in 2012 is a piece of cake. The “visa form” to be filled out is extremely simple (barely useful as a memento!) and just needs the entry of the name, nationality, and passport (or identification card) number. It is then stamped, and the whole process should take no more than three minutes. It is stamped again upon return.