Saturday, September 18, 2021

Weather & Climate in Croatia

EuropeCroatiaWeather & Climate in Croatia

Most of Croatia has a temperate warm and rainy continental climate according to the Köppen climate classification. The average monthly temperature ranges from -3 °C (in January) to 18 °C (in July). The coldest areas of the country is Lika and Gorski Kotar. The warmest parts of Croatia are located on the Adriatic coast and especially in the immediate hinterland, which is characterised by a Mediterranean climate, as temperature peaks are tempered by the sea. Consequently, temperature peaks are more pronounced in continental areas – the lowest temperature of -35.5 °C was measured in Čakovec on 3 February 1919, and the highest temperature of 42.4 °C was measured in Karlovac on 5 July 1950.

Average annual precipitation ranges from 600 millimetres to 3500 millimetres, depending on the geographical region and the prevailing type of climate. Lowest precipitation has been recorded on the most remote islands (Vis, Lastovo, Biševo, Svetac) and in Eastern Slavonia. The highest amounts of precipitation are observed in the Dinara Mountains and in Gorski kotar.

Inland, the prevailing winds are light to moderate northeast or southwest and in the coastal area, the prevailing winds are determined by the local conditions in the area. Stronger winds are more frequently recorded in the colder coastal months, typically as bura or, more rarely, as sirocco. Among the sunniest areas of the country are the outer islands, Hvar and Korčula, with over 2700 hours of sunshine per year, which is followed by the central and southern Adriatic in general as well as the northern Adriatic coast, which all have over 2000 hours of sunshine each year.