Tuesday, January 25, 2022
Varna Travel Guide - Travel S Helper


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Varna is the biggest city and beach resort on the Bulgarian Black Sea Coast, as well as the third largest city in Bulgaria, with a population of 335,949 and a population of 417,867 in its urban area. It is also the Black Sea’s fourth biggest city.

Varna, often known as Bulgaria’s marine (or summer) capital, is a significant tourist attraction, a starting point for all resorts on the northern Bulgarian Black Sea Coast, a commercial and academic center, a seaport, and the headquarters of the Bulgarian Navy and merchant marine. The Council of Europe chose Varna as the capital of the Black Sea Euro-Region (a new regional organization distinct from the Black Sea Euroregion) in April 2008.

The earliest gold jewelry in the world, dated from 4200-4600 BC and belonging to the Varna civilization, was found in the Varna Necropolis, which is situated in the current city of Varna; it comprises of jewelry dating from 4200-4600 BC.

Varna – Info Card

POPULATION : 335,949
FOUNDED :  (by Varna Culture) 4100-4400 BCE
TIME ZONE :• Time zone EET (UTC+2)
• Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
LANGUAGE : Bulgarian
AREA : 154.236 km2 (59.551 sq mi)
ELEVATION :  80 m (260 ft)
COORDINATES : 43°13′N 27°55′E
SEX RATIO : Male: 48.60%
 Female: 51.40%
ETHNIC :Bulgarians: 284,738 (93.8%)
Turks: 10,028 (3.6%)
Gypsies: 3,162 (1.0%)
Others: 3,378 (1.1%)
Indefinable: 2,288 (0.8%)
Undeclared: 31,276 (10.3%)
DIALING CODE : +359 52
WEBSITE : Official Website

Tourism in Varna

Varna (Bulgarian: Варна) is Bulgaria’s third-largest city, after Sofia and Plovdiv. Varna, often known as Bulgaria’s marine (or summer) capital, is a significant tourist attraction, commercial and academic center, seaport, and headquarters of the Bulgarian Navy and merchant marine.

The Varna Archaeological Museum, which displays the Gold of Varna, the Roman Baths, the Battle of Varna Park Museum, the Naval Museum in the Italianate Villa Assareto, which displays the museum ship Drazki torpedo boat, and the Museum of Ethnography, which is housed in an Ottoman-period compound and depicts the lives of local urban dwellers, fisherfolk, and peasants in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.

The ‘Sea Garden’ is the oldest and possibly largest park in town, containing an open-air theatre (venue of the International Ballet Competition, opera performances, and concerts), the Varna Aquarium (opened in 1932), the Festa Dolphinarium (opened in 1984), the Nicolaus Copernicus Observatory and Planetarium, the Museum of Natural History, a terrarium, a zoo, an alpineum, a children’s amusement park with a pond, The National Revival Alley is adorned with bronze memorials honoring notable Bulgarians, while the Cosmonauts’ Alley features trees planted by Yuri Gagarin and other Soviet and Bulgarian cosmonauts. The Garden is a national landscape architectural landmark and the biggest manicured park in the Balkans.

A number of beach clubs surround the waterfront promenade, delivering a bustling scene of rock, hip-hop, Bulgarian and American-style pop, techno, and chalga. Varna was branded “Europe’s new funky-town, Bulgaria’s good-time capital” by The Independent in October 2006. The city is well-known across the country for its rock, hip-hop, world music, and other musicians, clubs, and associated events, such as July Morning and worldwide rock and hip-hop (including graffiti) venues.

The city beaches, also known as sea baths (морски ани, morski bani), are peppered with hot (up to 55°C/131 °F) sulfuric mineral water sources (used for spas, swimming pools, and public showers) and are punctuated by tiny protected marinas. Furthermore, the 2.05 km (1.27 mi) long, 52 m (171 ft) high Asparuhov most bridge is a famous bungee jumping location. The Euxinograd mansion, park, and vineyard are located outside of the city, as are the University of Sofia Botanical Garden (Ecopark Varna), the Pobiti Kamani rock phenomena, and the medieval cave monastery, Aladzha.

Tourist shopping destinations include the boutique rows along Prince Boris Blvd (with retail rents comparable to Vitosha Blvd in Sofia) and nearby pedestrian streets, as well as the enormous mall and big-box cluster in the Mladost neighborhood, which is accessible by car. Piccadilly Park and Central Plaza, two more retail malls, are perfectly positioned to serve visitors in the resorts north of the city center, both driving and using public transportation. ATMs and 24-hour petrol stations with convenience shops are plentiful.

Among the food markets are grocery companies Piccadilly and Burleks. Credit cards are often accepted in retailers and restaurants. There are a number of farmers markets that sell fresh local products; the biggest, Kolkhozen Pazar, also features a fresh fish market but is situated in a busy region that is nearly unreachable by automobile.

Varna, like other cities in the area, has its fair share of stray dogs, most of which are calm and friendly, with orange clips on their ears indicating that they have been castrated and vaccinated. The omnipresent seagulls, on the other hand, predominate in urban wildlife, while brown squirrels populate the Sea Garden. Migrating swans spend the winter on the protected beaches in January and February.

Climate of Varna

Varna has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climatic classification Cfa), influenced by both the sea and the continent. The summer season starts in early May and ends in early October. Summer temperatures often range between 18 and 21 degrees Celsius at night and 25–35 degrees Celsius during the day. During the summer, the temperature of the seawater is normally between 23 and 27 degrees Celsius. Temperatures in the winter range between 0 and 5 degrees Celsius at night and 5 to 10 degrees Celsius during the day. Snow is possible in December, January, and February, but only on rare occasions in March. In the winter, snow falls just a few times and melts swiftly. The greatest temperature ever recorded was 41.0 degrees Celsius, while the lowest was -19.0 degrees Celsius.

Geography of Varna

The city covers 238 km2 (92 sq mi) and is built on verdant terraces (Varna monocline of the Moesian platform) that descend from the calcareous Franga Plateau (height 356 m or 1,168 ft) on the north and Avren Plateau on the south, along the horseshoe-shaped Varna Bay of the Black Sea, the elongated Lake Varna, and two artificial waterways connecting the bay and the lake and bridged by It is the heart of a burgeoning conurbation that stretches 20 kilometers (12 miles) north and 10 kilometers (6 miles) south (mainly residential and recreational sprawl) and 25 kilometers (16 miles) west along the lake (mostly transportation and industrial facilities). The city has been surrounded by vineyards, orchards, and woodlands since antiquity. Commercial shipping operations are being shifted inland into lakes and canals, leaving the bay as a recreational location; almost the whole shoreline is parkland.

The metropolitan region contains more than 20 kilometers (12 miles) of sand beaches and a plethora of thermal mineral water springs (temperature 35–55 °C or 95–131 °F). It has a warm climate influenced by the sea, with long, mild autumns similar to the Mediterranean, and bright and hot summers that are much milder than the Mediterranean, balanced by breezes and frequent rains. Despite receiving around two-thirds of Bulgaria’s annual rainfall, copious groundwater keeps Varna’s forested hills green throughout summer. The city is protected from north and north-east winds by hills along the bay’s north arm, although January and February may still be very cold, with blizzards. Because of reduced chemical fertilizer use in agricultural, Black Sea water has gotten cleaner since 1989; it has low salinity, no major predators or dangerous species, and the tidal range is nearly unnoticeable.

The city is located 470 kilometers (292 miles) north-east of Sofia; the next major cities are Dobrich (45 kilometers or 28 miles to the north), Shumen (80 kilometers or 50 miles to the west), and Burgas (125 km or 78 mi to the south-west). Varna may be reached by air (Varna International Airport), water (Port of Varna Cruise Terminal), train (Central Railway Station), or vehicle. European highways E70 to Bucharest and E87 to Istanbul and Constanta, Romania; national freeways A-2 (Hemus motorway) to Sofia and A-5 (Cherno More motorway) to Burgas are among the major roadways. From two bus terminals, there are bus lines to various Bulgarian and foreign towns, as well as rail ferry and ro-ro services to Odessa, Ukraine, Port Kavkaz, Russia, Poti and Batumi, Georgia.

Economy of Varna

The economy is service-based, with commerce and tourism accounting for 61% of net revenue, manufacturing accounting for 16%, manufacturing accounting for 14%, transportation and communications accounting for 14%, and construction accounting for 6%. Financial services are growing, notably banking, insurance, investment management, and real-estate financing. As of December 2008, the global financial crisis’s aftermath had not been severe. The city is the easternmost destination on Pan-European transport corridor 8, and it is linked to corridors 7 and 9 through Rousse. Transportation (Navibulgar, Port of Varna, Varna International Airport), distribution (Logistics Park Varna), shipbuilding (see also Oceanic-Creations), ship repair, and other maritime industries have long been major enterprises.

Eni and Gazprom announced the South Stream project in June 2007, which calls for a 900-kilometer (559-mile) offshore natural gas pipeline from Russia’s Dzhubga with an annual capacity of 63 billion metres (207 billion feet) to come ashore at Varna, possibly near the Galata offshore gas field, en route to Italy and Austria.

Varna, along with the nearby towns of Beloslav and Devnya, forms the Varna-Devnya Industrial Complex, which is home to some of Bulgaria’s largest chemical, thermal power, and manufacturing facilities, including the Varna Thermal Power Plant and Sodi Devnya, the two largest cash privatization deals in the country’s recent history. Radio navigation devices, home appliances, security systems, textiles, clothes, food and drinks, printing, and other sectors are also well-served. Some manufacturing veterans are making way to post-industrial developments: the old VAMO diesel engine plant is being replaced by an ECE retail mall, while the Varna Brewery is being replaced by a conference center.

Tourism is of primary significance, with suburban beachside resorts such as Golden Sands, Holiday Club Riviera, Sunny Day, Constantine and Helena, and others drawing millions of visitors each year (4.74 million in 2006, 3.99 million of which international tourists ). The resorts attracted significant domestic and international investment in the late 1990s and early in the first decade of the twenty-first century, and they are ecologically sound, being positioned reassuringly distant from chemical and other smokestack industries. Varna is also Bulgaria’s only international cruise port (nearly 30 voyages are booked for 2007), as well as a major international conference and wellness center.

Real estate flourished in 2003–2008, with some of the highest values in the country, exceeding Sofia by autumn 2007. (this still holds true in April 2009). Major worldwide office tower developments are being developed in commercial real estate.

In terms of shopping, the city not only has the worldwide big-box shops that are increasingly common in bigger Bulgarian cities, but it also has made-in-Varna national businesses with sites all over the country, such as retailer Piccadilly, eatery Happy, and drugstore chain Sanita.

In 2008, there were three large shopping malls open and four more in various stages of development, transforming Varna into an appealing international shopping destination (Pfohe Mall, Central Plaza, Mall Varna, Grand Mall, Gallery Mall, Cherno More Park, and Varna Towers), as well as a retail park under construction outside of town (Pfohe Mall, Central Plaza, Mall Varna, Grand Mall, Gallery Mall, Cherno More Park, and Varna Towers). The city is home to several of the best restaurants in the country, as well as a plethora of ethnic eateries.

Economically, Varna is one of the best-performing and fastest-growing Bulgarian cities; unemployment, at 2.34 percent (2007), is more than three times lower than the national average; and the median pay in 2007 was the highest, on par with Sofia and Burgas. Many Bulgarians consider Varna to be a boom town; some are migrating there, including those from Sofia and Plovdiv, as well as those returning from western nations, but the majority are from Dobrich, Shumen, and the surrounding area.

Varna was named the South-eastern Europe City of the Future by FDi magazine (a subsidiary of the Financial Times Business Ltd) in September 2004, noting its strategic position, fast-growing economy, rich cultural legacy, and higher education. Standard & Poor’s reported in April 2007 that it has upgraded Varna’s long-term issue credit rating to BB+ from BB, calling the city’s outlook “stable” and complimenting its “better operational performance.”

Varna was selected “Best City in Bulgaria to Live In” by a nationwide survey conducted by Darik Radio, the 24 Chasa newspaper, and the information web darik.news in December 2007 (and again in October 2008).



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