Sofia is Bulgaria’s capital and biggest city. Sofia, with a population of over 1.2 million inhabitants, is the 15th biggest city in the European Union. The city is situated in the western region of the nation, at the foot of Vitosha Mountain, less than 50 kilometers (31 miles) from the Serbian border. Because of its central position on the Balkan peninsula, it lies halfway between the Black Sea and the Adriatic Sea, with the Aegean Sea being the nearest.
Sofia is a vibrant European metropolis known for its unusual blend of European and Communist-style architecture, as well as its many stunning Orthodox churches. It also claims to be one of the few European cities with stunning landscape and an established ski resort so near by – the Vitosha mountain.
Sofia has been inhabited by humans from at least 7000 BCE. Sofia is home to several of Bulgaria’s major universities, cultural organizations, and economic enterprises. Sofia is one of the top ten greatest cities in the world to establish a company, particularly in information technology. Sofia is the most cheap capital to visit in Europe.
Sofia – Info Card
|FOUNDED :||7000 BC|
|TIME ZONE :||EET (UTC+2) Summer: EEST (UTC+3)|
|LANGUAGE :||Bulgarian 84.5%, Turkish 9.6%, Roma 4.1%, other and unspecified 1.8%|
|RELIGION :||Bulgarian Orthodox 82.6%, Muslim 12.2%, other Christian 1.2%, other 4%|
|AREA :||492 km2 (190 sq mi)|
|ELEVATION :||500–800 m (1,707–2,888 ft)|
|COORDINATES :||42.70°N 23.33°E|
|SEX RATIO :||• Male: 48.60%|
• Female: 51.40%
|ETHNIC :||Bulgarian 76.9%, Turk 8%, Roma 4.4%, other 0.7%|
|AREA CODE :|
|POSTAL CODE :||1000|
|DIALING CODE :||(+359) 02|
|WEBSITE :||Official Website|
Tourism in Sofia
Sofia, along with coastal and mountain resorts, is one of Bulgaria’s most popular tourist destinations. Among its features is the Alexander Nevsky Cathedral, one of Bulgaria’s landmarks built in the late 1800s. It has a floor size of 3,170 square meters (34,100 square feet) and a capacity of 10,000 people.
Sofia is home to Bulgaria’s major museum collections, which draw both visitors and students on field trips. The National Historical Museum in the Boyana area has a significant collection of over 650,000 historical artefacts ranging from Prehistory to the Modern Era, albeit only 10,000 of them are constantly shown owing to space constraints.
Vitosha Boulevard, often known as Vitoshka, is a pedestrian zone lined with cafés, restaurants, fashion shops, and high-end retailers. Sofia’s geographical position, amid the foothills of the weekend getaway Vitosha mountain, contributes to the city’s distinct character.
Climate of Sofia
Sofia has a humid continental climate with an annual temperature of 10.6 degrees Celsius (51.1 degrees Fahrenheit).
Winters are very cold and snowy. Temperatures may fall below 15 °C (5 °F) on the coldest days, most notably in January.
Summers are pleasant and sunny. Because to its greater altitude, the city stays significantly cooler in the summer than other sections of Bulgaria. However, the city experiences heat waves, with high temperatures reaching or above 35 °C (95 °F) on the warmest days, notably in July and August.
Sofia’s springs and autumns are very brief, with varied and dramatic weather.
Geography of Sofia
Sofia has a total land area of 492 km2, whereas Sofia City Province has a total land area of 1344 km2.
Sofia’s growth as an important town is largely due to its central location in the Balkans. It is located in western Bulgaria, near the northern foot of the Vitosha mountain, in the Sofia Valley, which is flanked to the north by the Balkan mountains. The valley is 550 meters above sea level on average (1,800 ft). Sofia, unlike other European cities, lacks big rivers and bridges, but is bordered on all sides by quite steep mountains.
Economy of Sofia
Sofia is Bulgaria’s economic center, and it is home to the majority of the country’s significant Bulgarian and foreign corporations, as well as the Bulgarian National Bank and the Bulgarian Stock Exchange.
Following World War II and the socialist period of industrialization, the city and its surrounding territories developed fast and became the country’s most highly industrialised region.
Sofia is increasingly becoming an outsourcing destination for global corporations including as IBM, Hewlett-Packard, SAP, Siemens, and Software AG. Bulgaria Air, PPD, the country’s national airline, has its headquarters on the grounds of Sofia Airport. Between 2007 and 2011, the city received a total of $11.6 billion in foreign direct investment.
Internet, Comunication in Sofia
In Sofia, there are Internet cafés. Computers are often not accessible at libraries or public spaces such as railway stations, although free wifi connection is frequently provided in such places as well as petrol stations. Many bars and motels will also provide complimentary WiFi. Wireless connection has grown in popularity in recent years.
Bulgaria’s national dialing code is 359. The dialing code for international calls from Bulgaria is 00.