Tuesday, January 18, 2022

Festivals & Holidays in Bulgaria

EuropeBulgariaFestivals & Holidays in Bulgaria

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Holidays in Bulgaria

The hanging of Vasil Levski, 19 February

The day when the Bulgarian people will pay tribute to the life and work of the revolutionary Vasil Levski – the apostle of freedom. (it is not a public holiday)

Baba Marta (in Bulgarian: Баба Марта, which means grandmother Marta), 1 March

A very old Bulgarian festival. People give each martenitsa (Bulgarian: мартеница), a kind of white-red thread, as a symbol of health. (it is not a holiday)

Liberation Day (in Bulgarian: Освобождение на България), 3 March

The Bulgarian National Day celebrates the liberation of 500 years of Ottoman domination. On 3 March 1878, the Treaty of San Stefano is signed, ending the Russian-Turkish war of 1877-78 which led to the formation of the Principality of Bulgaria. (National holiday)

The April Uprising (in Bulgarian: Априлско въстание), 20 April.

April 20, 1876 was the day of the official beginning of the biggest uprising of the Bulgarian people against the Ottoman domination. (it is not a public holiday).

Gergyovden – Day of Courage and The Bulgarian Army (en bulgare : Гергьовден), 6 May.

St. George’s Day and Bulgarian Army Holiday. A military parade is organised to celebrate courage.

Day of Bulgarian Enlightenment and Culture, and Slavic Alphabet (in Bulgarian: Ден на българската просвета и култура славянската писменост), 24 May.

The day of Saint Cyril (827-869), and of Saint Methodius (826-884), who created the Cyrillic alphabet. A beautiful festival – with lots of flowers, music and joy. First celebrated in 1851, it is known as the festival of students and teachers.

Day of Botev and the Dead for Bulgaria’s Freedom and Independence, 2 June.

Every year, on June 2nd at noon, sirens sound for one minute to honour the death of those who fell in the pursuit of liberation and independence from the Ottoman Empire. On June 2, 1876, the poet and revolutionary Hristo Botev died in battle on Mount Vola in the Stara Planina mountain. (this is not a holiday)

Golyama Bogoroditsa – Assumption Day(Bulgarian: Голяма Богородица), 15 August.

There are great celebrations, especially in the main monasteries, with processions of icons by the monks. (it is not a holiday)

Reunification Day (in Bulgarian: Денят на Съединението), 6 September.

The day when the two parts of Bulgaria – the Principality of Bulgaria and Eastern Romania (autonomous in the Ottoman Empire) – were reunited.

Independence Day (Bulgarian: Денят на Независимостта на ), 22 September.

Bulgaria’s de jure declaration of independence was declared on 22 September 1908 in Veliko Turnovo.

How To Travel To Bulgaria

By planeThere are four international airports in Bulgaria, located in the cities of Sofia, Varna, Burgas and Plovdiv, but the traditional national airlines (such as Lufthansa, British Airways, Turkish Airways, etc.) only serve Sofia International Airport. However, there are numerous offers for charter and last-minute flights to Varna or...

How To Travel Around Bulgaria

By busThe fastest way to travel around the country is by bus. Buses often connect all major cities (you may need to ask for a taxi or have a taxi take you to the bus station). Timetable information in English is available online ( or ). Always confirm timetables...

Visa & Passport Requirements for Bulgaria

Bulgaria has committed to implementing the Schengen Agreement, although it has not yet done so. For citizens of the European Union (EU) or the European Free Trade Association (EFTA) (i.e. Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland), an officially recognised identity card (or passport) is sufficient for entry. For other nationalities,...

Destinations in Bulgaria

Regions in BulgariaNorthern BulgariaLocated between the Danube to the north and the Balkans to the south, it is a lowland region. Also called Moesia in Roman times, the region is full of the remains of ancient fortresses in northern Bulgaria, including the large port city of Sexaginta Prista in...

Accommodation & Hotels in Bulgaria

Finding accommodation in Bulgaria is very easy, regardless of the price. You can find everything from hostels in Sofia and Plovdiv, from very cheap guesthouses along the coast to cheap hotels in all cities and luxury hotels in the big cities. There are many "mountain huts" or villas to...

Things To See in Bulgaria

There is a great variety of historical, natural, religious and artistic sights to see in Bulgaria. Throughout the country there are remains from different eras and periods, societies and peoples, spiritual and artistic figures, creating a beautiful blend of ethnic culture full of unique traditions and rituals, combined with...

Things To Do in Bulgaria

Hiking - This is a popular activity in Bulgaria, where a wide choice of areas for day or multi-day hikes is available. The best time to hike in the higher parts of the mountains is in summer, between the end of June and September, as the snow has already...

Food & Drinks in Bulgaria

Food in BulgariaBulgarian cuisine is representative of the cuisine of South-Eastern Europe. It has some Turkish and Greek influences, but it has some unique elements. The relatively warm climate and diverse geography provide excellent growing conditions for a variety of vegetables, bean, herb and fruit crops. Bulgarian cuisine is...

Money & Shopping in Bulgaria

Money in BulgariaThe Bulgarian currency unit is the Lev (лев, abbreviated "лв", plural: Leva), which comprises one hundred Stotinki. The Lev is pegged to the euro at 1.95583 Leva to the euro (which is the same rate as the old Deutsche Mark, to which the Lev was previously pegged...

Traditions & Customs in Bulgaria

Bulgarians are incredibly friendly and very interested in talking to foreigners. Bulgarians tend to be much more open than some other Eastern Europeans and it is very advisable and useful to engage in dialogue with them. In small towns, especially in the Rhodope Mountains, people may invite you to...

Internet & Communications in Bulgaria

Domestic PhonesDomestic telephone service is available in almost all population centres (regardless of size) via PSTN or VoIP.Mobile phonesMobile phones are very common in Bulgaria - many people have two or three phones with different providers. There are three networks (M-tel, Globul and Vivacom), all of which use the...

Language & Phrasebook in Bulgaria

Bulgarian is a South Slavic language that uses the Cyrillic alphabet.Bulgarian is mutually intelligible with Macedonian (considered by many Bulgarians to be a variant of Bulgarian) and also closely related to Serbo-Croatian. Russian and other Slavic languages are more distant, but still similar. If you know some of them,...

Culture Of Bulgaria

Traditional Bulgarian culture contains mainly Thracian, Slavic and Bulgarian heritage, as well as Greek, Roman, Ottoman, Persian and Celtic influences. Nine historical and natural objects have been inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List: the Madara Horseman, the Thracian tombs of Sveshtari and Kazanlak, the Boyana Church, the Rila...

History Of Bulgaria

Prehistory and AntiquityHuman activity on the territory of present-day Bulgaria dates back to the Palaeolithic. It is believed that the animal bones carved in the Kozarnika Cave are the first examples of symbolic human behaviour. Prehistoric societies organised on Bulgarian soil include the Neolithic Hamangia culture, the Vinča culture...

Stay Safe & Healthy in Bulgaria

Stay safe in BulgariaBulgaria is generally a safe country and the people are quite friendly. However, you should use common sense when staying outside the main tourist areas, i.e. don't show too openly that you have money, don't dress too much like a tourist, be careful with your belongings,...

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