Holidays in Bulgaria
The hanging of Vasil Levski, 19 February
The day when the Bulgarian people will pay tribute to the life and work of the revolutionary Vasil Levski – the apostle of freedom. (it is not a public holiday)
Baba Marta (in Bulgarian: Баба Марта, which means grandmother Marta), 1 March
A very old Bulgarian festival. People give each martenitsa (Bulgarian: мартеница), a kind of white-red thread, as a symbol of health. (it is not a holiday)
Liberation Day (in Bulgarian: Освобождение на България), 3 March
The Bulgarian National Day celebrates the liberation of 500 years of Ottoman domination. On 3 March 1878, the Treaty of San Stefano is signed, ending the Russian-Turkish war of 1877-78 which led to the formation of the Principality of Bulgaria. (National holiday)
The April Uprising (in Bulgarian: Априлско въстание), 20 April.
April 20, 1876 was the day of the official beginning of the biggest uprising of the Bulgarian people against the Ottoman domination. (it is not a public holiday).
Gergyovden – Day of Courage and The Bulgarian Army (en bulgare : Гергьовден), 6 May.
St. George’s Day and Bulgarian Army Holiday. A military parade is organised to celebrate courage.
Day of Bulgarian Enlightenment and Culture, and Slavic Alphabet (in Bulgarian: Ден на българската просвета и култура славянската писменост), 24 May.
The day of Saint Cyril (827-869), and of Saint Methodius (826-884), who created the Cyrillic alphabet. A beautiful festival – with lots of flowers, music and joy. First celebrated in 1851, it is known as the festival of students and teachers.
Day of Botev and the Dead for Bulgaria’s Freedom and Independence, 2 June.
Every year, on June 2nd at noon, sirens sound for one minute to honour the death of those who fell in the pursuit of liberation and independence from the Ottoman Empire. On June 2, 1876, the poet and revolutionary Hristo Botev died in battle on Mount Vola in the Stara Planina mountain. (this is not a holiday)
Golyama Bogoroditsa – Assumption Day(Bulgarian: Голяма Богородица), 15 August.
There are great celebrations, especially in the main monasteries, with processions of icons by the monks. (it is not a holiday)
Reunification Day (in Bulgarian: Денят на Съединението), 6 September.
The day when the two parts of Bulgaria – the Principality of Bulgaria and Eastern Romania (autonomous in the Ottoman Empire) – were reunited.
Independence Day (Bulgarian: Денят на Независимостта на ), 22 September.
Bulgaria’s de jure declaration of independence was declared on 22 September 1908 in Veliko Turnovo.