The inter-entity boundary between the Federation and Republika Srpska is uncontrolled and, in terms of movement, is not much different from state boundaries in the United States.
The bus and train are the greatest modes of public transportation (Federation, RS). There is a dense network of bus routes, which are all operated by local private firms. Be advised that if you purchase a return ticket for a line that is serviced by several companies, you can only make the return journey with the company from whom you purchased the ticket.
Trains are few and sluggish. Many railway lines were destroyed during the war and have yet to be restored. There are also insufficient cars and trains to offer regular service, especially on popular routes like as Mostar-Sarajevo, Tuzla-Banja Luka, and Sarajevo-Banja Luka. The rides, on the other hand, are picturesque, particularly the Mostar-Sarajevo section.
Hitchhiking is enjoyable in Bosnia since you will get rides from locals that you would not often meet via hospitality exchange networks such as couchsurfing. Be cautious of landmines, and if in doubt, remain on the paved route and ask locals (“MEE-ne?”).
Cycling is a popular pastime in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Other traffic, on the other hand, is not as familiar with how to interact with motorcycles on the road.
In Bosnia, Google Maps, an online mapping resource, is extremely basic. However, volunteers are mapping Bosnia in Open Street Map, and the maps of the major cities in Bonia are much more detailed than those of the US-based business.