Regions in Azerbaijan
Azerbaijan’s political, economic, and cultural hub. Since 1871, oil has been extracted here.
An exclave on Turkey’s western border.
A multi-ethnic area in the Greater Caucasus highlands enveloped in beautiful green woods.
A lovely green mountainous area bordering Georgia that has Azerbaijan’s most attractive cities.
Armenian ethnic area ruled by an unrecognized sovereign government. Only via Armenia is it possible to get there.
Cities in Azerbaijan
Azerbaijan has 71 urban communities having the official status of a city (Azerbaijani: şhr). Only three of them, however, have a population of more than 300,000 people — Baku, Sumqayit, and Ganja — and Sumgayit is now a de facto suburb of Baku. The following are the most significant places to visit in the country:
- Baku — The Caucasus’ capital and biggest city.
- Ganja — Azerbaijan’s second biggest city has a rich history and several significant landmarks.
- Lankaran — City in the south near the Iranian border
- Nakhchivan city — Nakhchivan exclave of Azerbaijan’s administrative capital.
- Sheki – A lovely city in the Caucasus Mountains with much to see and do.
- Gabala is a new tourist town in the Caucasian Mountains.
- Shemakha was the Shirvanshahs’ capital city before Baku.
Other destinations in Azerbaijan
National Parks and Reserves
- Gobustan Rock Art Cultural Landscape
- Göygöl National Park
- Ismailli State Reserve
Towns and villages
- Khinalug—a picturesque, isolated mountain hamlet that was formerly a center of Zoroastrianism; now, the few residents are an ethnic isolate thought to be descendants of Caucasus Albanians (Not to be confused with modern-day Albanians of Albania in south-eastern Europe who are entirely unrelated to them).
- Goygol — Khanlar (Xanlar) and Helenendorf were their previous names. German farmers from Bavarian Swabia established the town not far from Ganja. Today, the town’s historic German neighborhood, including the Lutheran church, is in excellent shape.
- Shamkir – Germans inhabited the town.
- Lahich is a charming Highland hamlet.
- Gakh is a tiny village located on the route to Alazan Valley.
- Agdam is a deserted town.
- Nij is a large hamlet of the endangering Christian ethnic group known as the Udins.
- Shahdag Ski Resort
- Ski Complex “Tufan”
- Absheron Peninsula beaches. The region is home to some of the best beaches on the Caspian Coast. Along the shore, there are many luxury resort locations.