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History Of Andorra

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According to legend, Charles the Great (Charlemagne) gave the Andorrans a charter in exchange for defeating the Moors. The area was ruled by the Count of Urgell, and then by the Bishop of the Diocese of Urgell. In return for property in Cerdanya, Borrell II, Count of Urgell, donated the Andorran lowlands to the Diocese of Urgell in 988. Andorra has been owned by the Bishop of Urgell, headquartered in Seu d’Urgell, since then.

Andorra had no military protection prior to 1095, and the Bishop of Urgell, knowing that the Count of Urgell intended to recapture the Andorran lowlands, requested the Lord of Caboet for assistance and protection. In 1095, the Lord of Caboet and the Bishop of Urgell swore an oath of co-sovereignty over Andorra. Arnalda, Arnau of Caboet’s daughter, married the Viscount of Castellb, and they both became Viscounts of Castellb and Cerdanya. Years later, their daughter, Ermessenda, married the French Count of Foix, Roger Bernat II. They were Counts of Foix, Viscounts of Castellb and Cerdanya, and co-sovereigns of Andorra under Roger Bernat II and Ermessenda I. (shared with the Bishop of Urgell).

A disagreement occurred in the 13th century between the Bishop of Urgell and the Count of Foix. The first paréage, signed in 1278 with the intervention of Aragon, stipulated that Andorra’s sovereignty be divided between the count of Foix (whose title would eventually pass to the French head of state) and the Bishop of Urgell, in Catalonia. The principality’s territory and governmental structure were thus established.

The co-title to Andorra went to the kings of Navarre through time. In 1607, King Henry IV of France issued an order that constituted the head of the French state and the Bishop of Urgell as Co-Princes of Andorra. The First French Empire conquered Catalonia and split it into four départements in 1812–13, with Andorra included in the district of Puigcerdà (département of Sègre).

17th to 19th centuries

During this time, Andorra’s medieval institutions and rural culture remained virtually unaltered. In 1866, the aristocratic oligarchy that had previously ruled the state was replaced by a Council General of 24 members chosen by suffrage and restricted to heads of family.

20th century

During World War I, Andorra declared war on Imperial Germany but did not participate in the combat. Because it was not included in the Treaty of Versailles, it remained in an official state of belligerence until 1958.

Following civil turmoil before to elections in 1933, France seized Andorra. Boris Skossyreff, an adventurer, made a proclamation in Urgell on July 12, 1934, proclaiming himself “Boris I, King of Andorra” and declared war on the Bishop of Urgell. On July 20, he was apprehended by Spanish police and eventually ejected from the country. From 1936 until 1940, a French military contingent was stationed in Andorra to protect the principality from the Spanish Civil War and Francoist Spain. In the latter phases of the conflict, Francoist soldiers crossed the Andorran border. Andorra stayed neutral throughout WWII and served as a major smuggling route between Vichy France and Spain.

Andorra has lived outside the mainstream of European history because to its relative isolation, with minimal connections to nations other than France, Spain, and Portugal. However, in recent years, the country’s booming tourism sector, as well as advancements in transportation and communications, have helped to break the country’s isolation. Its political system was modernized when it joined the United Nations and the Council of Europe in 1993.

How To Travel To Andorra

By plane Andorra does not have any airports. La Seu d'Urgell Airport (IATA: LEU) is located 12 kilometers (7 miles) to the south. The airport, which is controlled by the Catalan government, serves as the primary hub for Air Andorra and Andorra Airlines. Scheduled and charter flights have been operating...

How To Travel Around Andorra

If you just have a few days in Andorra, the local bus service run by Cooperativa Interurbana Andorrana, S.A. allows you to see most of the major settlements. There are eight major bus routes, or 'lnies,' which all travel through Andorra La Vella. The price ranges from €1.20 to €3...

Visa & Passport Requirements for Andorra

Because of Andorra's rugged terrain, there is only one route that connects it to France, and only one that connects it to Spain. Almost all immigration into the nation occurs at one of these two locations. Visitors from outside the EU should be aware that Andorra is not a Schengen...

Destinations in Andorra

Cities in Andorra Andorra la Vella is the country's capital.Santa Coloma is located south of Andorra La Vella, near the Spanish border.Sant Julia de Loria is located south of Santa Coloma, near the Spanish border.Escaldes-Engordany is a municipality in Catalonia, Spain. This is a parish in Andorra La Vella's eastern...

Things To See in Andorra

Despite seeming uncontrolled growth, the country's primary attraction is its beautiful alpine scenery, which provide breathtaking views in all seasons. Summers are cool at higher elevations, allowing for ideal trekking through the beautiful green valleys. On much higher terrain, challenging day-long treks may be undertaken that will take you...

Things To Do in Andorra

Ski Resorts The majority of these resorts were originally tiny mountain towns that grew in recent years as a result of skiing. In recent years, the resorts have merged such that your ski ticket now includes access to neighboring regions. As a consequence, two major alpine skiing regions have emerged:...

Money & Shopping in Andorra

Andorra's currency is the euro. It is one of many European nations that utilize the Euro. All euro banknotes and coins are legal tender across the EU. One euro is made up of 100 cents. The euro's official sign is €, and its ISO code is EUR. The cent does not...

Internet & Communications in Andorra

Internet Andorra is a well-connected nation that has embraced the Internet. The Internet has almost as many subscribers as landline phones. Free public wifi is accessible in many large cities, and many eateries provide it as well. Postal services Andorra is reliant on the postal networks of Spain and France. Both have...

Language & Phrasebook in Andorra

Catalan is the official language of Andorra, although nearly everyone knows Spanish as well. French and Portuguese are also commonly spoken in the country. You may be able to locate some individuals who speak English, mostly those in the tourist sector, but you may wish to learn a few...

Culture Of Andorra

Catalan is the official and historic language. As a result, the culture is Catalan, with its own distinctiveness. Folk dances such as the contrapàs and marratxa may still be seen in Andorra, particularly in Sant Julià de Lria. Andorran folk music is comparable to that of its neighbors, but it...

Stay Safe & Healthy in Andorra

In Andorra, there isn't much danger from other people, but be careful on the mountains. Don't go too high until you know what you're doing. Drivers are advised to avoid crossing back into France if the Spanish side of the Pyrenees has had lovely bright sunlight all day and the...



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