In the Solomon Islands’ traditional culture, age-old traditions are passed down from generation to generation, supposedly by the ancestor spirits themselves, to create the cultural values of the Solomon Islands.
Due to linguistic difficulties, illiteracy, and the difficulty of getting television signals in certain areas of the nation, radio is the most important form of media in Solomon Islands. The Solomon Islands Broadcasting Corporation (SIBC) provides public radio services in the Solomon Islands, including national stations Radio Happy Isles 1037 on the dial and Wantok FM 96.3, as well as provincial stations Radio Happy Lagoon and, previously, Radio Temotu. There are two commercial FM radio stations, Z FM at 99.5 in Honiara (also broadcasting on 107.5 in Auki), and PAOA FM at 97.7 in Honiara (also broadcasting on 107.5 in Auki). There is also one community FM radio station, Gold Ridge FM on 88.7.
There are no TV services available across the Solomon Islands, although satellite TV channels may be received. However, One Television, a free-to-air station in Honiara, rebroadcasts ABC Asia Pacific (from Australia’s ABC) and BBC World News. Residents may subscribe to SATSOL a digital pay TV service that re-transmitted satellite television, as of December 2010.
In the Solomon Islands, traditional Melanesian music comprises both group and solo singing, as well as slit-drum and panpipe groups. Bamboo music became popular in the 1920s. Edwin Nanau Sitori wrote the song “Walkabout Long Chinatown” in the 1950s, which the government refers to as the unofficial “national anthem” of the Solomon Islands. Modern Solomon Islander popular music comprises a variety of rock and reggae styles, as well as island music.
Novelists Rexford Orotaloa and John Saunana, as well as poet Jully Makini, are all from the Solomon Islands.
Solomon Islands has a rugby union team. Since 1969, the Solomon Islands national rugby union squad has competed in international matches. It competed in the Oceania qualification competition for the Rugby World Cups in 2003 and 2007, but failed to qualify on both occasions.
National teams in association football, futsal, and beach soccer have been among Oceania’s most successful. The Solomon Islands national football team is a member of FIFA’s OFC confederation. In the FIFA World Rankings, they are presently placed 184th out of 209 teams. The squad became the first to defeat New Zealand in qualifying for a play-off place against Australia for World Cup qualification in 2006. They lost 7–0 in Australia and 2–1 at home.
The Solomon Islands national futsal team, the Kurukuru, won the Oceania Futsal Championship in Fiji on June 14, 2008, qualifying them for the 2008 FIFA Futsal World Cup, which was held in Brazil from September 30 to October 19, 2008. The Solomon Islands are the Oceania region’s reigning futsal champions. The Kurukuru won the Oceania Futsal Championship in Fiji in 2008 and 2009. They won the championship in 2009, defeating the host country, Fiji, 8–0. The Kurukuru presently hold the world record for the quickest goal ever scored in a futsal contest. It was established by Kurukuru captain Elliot Ragomo, who scored three seconds into the game against New Caledonia in July 2009. They do, however, have the less desirable distinction of suffering the worst loss in the history of the Futsal World Cup, when they were defeated by Russia by two goals to thirty-one in 2008.
The Bilikiki Boys of the Solomon Islands are the most successful beach soccer team in Oceania. They have won all three regional championships to date, qualifying for the FIFA Beach Soccer World Cup on each occasion. As of 2010, the Bilikiki Boys were rated fourteenth in the world, higher than any other Oceanian team.