Wednesday, August 31, 2022

History Of Papua New Guinea

Australia and OceaniaPapua New GuineaHistory Of Papua New Guinea

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There is evidence of human habitation in what is now Papua New Guinea dating back 35,000 years. This is from an ancient site near Namatanai in New Ireland province called Matenkupkum. Other archaeological investigations in New Ireland have unearthed artifacts and food remains going back 20,000 years.

In more recent times, Papua New Guinea (abbreviated ‘PNG’), the eastern half of the island of New Guinea (the world’s second largest island), was partitioned in 1884 between Germany (‘German New Guinea’) and Great Britain (‘British Papua’). The Dutch controlled West Papua, which is today an Indonesian region known as Papua. Until Australian independence in 1901, the southeast portion of the island, also known as Papua, was held by the UK but governed by Australia, making it a colony of a colony. In 1914, the Australians contributed to the Allied war effort by taking control of German New Guinea, which they continued to govern as a Trust Territory under the League of Nations and (later) the United Nations. However, it was not just a case of disinterested colonization. Gold had been found in a number of locations and was quickly exploited. Large gold dredges may still be observed in the Bulolo and Wau areas.

During the Pacific War, New Guinea saw intense combat both on land (at Buin and along the Kokoda Track) and at sea (at the Battle of the Coral Sea). It was the first location in the war where the Japanese advance was slowed and ultimately reversed. Following the war, both New Guinea and Papua were governed from the administrative headquarters in Port Moresby, on Papua’s south coast. The nation, currently known as ‘Papua New Guinea,’ gained independence from Australia in 1975. Papua New Guinea is still the most populous nation in Melanesia. As economic stagnation, corruption, law and order issues, and a nine-year separatist rebellion on the island of Bougainville all combine to make the country less than a tropical paradise, the country fights to realize its independence aspirations.

Bougainville’s efforts to secede during the country’s independence led to a decision to provide the country’s provinces some political autonomy. Decentralization resulted in the formation of nineteen provincial governments, and the trend of splitting the nation into unviable administrative entities seems to be ongoing, with a decision in 2009 to divide both the Southern and Western Highlands provinces into three new provinces.

Papua New Guinea had 125,000 visitors in 2009, although only around 20% of them claimed themselves to be tourists. The land presents a real contradiction to the visitor. Getting around may be difficult due to the lack of tourism infrastructure outside of the major tourist destinations. However, the people of Papua New Guinea are very friendly and will go to considerable efforts to welcome visitors. Tourism is highly established and expanding in a few areas. Aside from them, the nation is 100% adventure tourism and is unsuitable for the novice or faint of heart.

The experience is memorable for anyone who can make it out here. The breathtaking natural beauty is just amazing. Its diverse flora and wildlife include vast populations of marsupials and birds, notably the Raggiana bird-of-paradise (the national emblem) and numerous tree kangaroo species. Divers compete for their interest with unspoiled coral reefs and magnificent World War II wrecks, and the trekking is out of this world.

Because of the difficult terrain, inter-tribal distrust, and different languages, inter-tribal marriage has been very rare until lately. Physical and facial appearance varies greatly across the country, from those who appear almost Polynesian in some coastal areas, to the short, stocky Highlanders, to the tall and statuesque people of the area around Rabaul in New Britain, and the dark-skinned inhabitants of Bougainville, who appear to be African.

Papua New Guinea’s central highlands were not charted until the 1930s, and they were not fully brought under government authority until the late 1960s. As a consequence, the people are just as fascinating as the landscape, vegetation, and wildlife. Papua New Guinea is often marketed as ‘the Last Unknown’ or a location where ‘Stone Age People’ may still be found. Of course, calling a Papua New Guinean a “stone age savage” is very impolite. While you may locate elderly guys who recall the first time they or anybody in their culture saw metal if you look hard enough, you’ll have a hard time locating anyone who hasn’t watched Titanic. Indeed, what makes Papua New Guinea so fascinating now is not its status as a living museum, but its remarkable vitality. Papua New Guineans have transformed the lowest learning curve in human history into one of the most colorful, and often quirky, experiments in modernity ever created by human beings. Papua New Guinea’s clash with world culture has been fierce and intriguing, with ceremonial attire made of human hair and rolled up Instant Noodle wrappers, rap in Pidgin English, and tribal warriors called ‘Rambo’ for their bravery in battle. So don’t be concerned about the destiny of ‘traditional culture’: the greatest concern in the barroom fight between Papua New Guinea and the global culture business is preventing Papua New Guinea from pummeling global culture to a pulp.

How To Travel To Papua New Guinea

By plane The country's international airport is Jackson International Airport in Port Moresby. Air Niugini serves Cairns, Sydney, and Brisbane in Australia; Honiara in the Solomon Islands; Manila in the Philippines; Tokyo (Narita) in Japan; and Singapore, Kuala Lumpur, and Hong Kong.Papua New Guinea Airlines travels to and from Cairns and...

How To Travel Around Papua New Guinea

By car When it comes to travel, Papua New Guinea is a weird country. Because of the country's tropical climate, harsh terrain, and lack of government capability, there are relatively few paved roadways. There are no major highways connecting Port Moresby to anyplace else, with the exception of a short stretch...

Visa & Passport Requirements for Papua New...

Everyone requires a visa to visit Papua New Guinea, however all EU/EFTA nationals may get a 60-day visa on arrival and to citizens of Andorra, Argentina, Brazil, Brunei, Canada, Chile, Ecuador, Fiji, Hong Kong, Indonesia, Israel, Japan, Kiribati, Macau, Malaysia, Maldives, Marshall Islands, Mexico, Monaco, Micronesia, Nauru, New Zealand,...

Destinations in Papua New Guinea

Regions in Papua New Guinea The nation is split into nine regions: Southern Papua New GuineaThis area includes the Port Moresby National Capital District, as well as the Central and Northern provinces. The starting location for all Papua New Guinea trips. Western Papua New GuineaThe provinces of the West and the Gulf....

Accommodation & Hotels in Papua New Guinea

Papua New Guinea has a broad range of lodging options for visitors on a tight budget. Hotels are very costly (at least USD100 per night, and often considerably more). Guesthouses are the most affordable choice in the towns, although they are still costly (about USD40/night). The cheapest alternative is to...

Things To See in Papua New Guinea

South New Guinea The Kokoda Route is a 60-mile trail that starts in Port Moresby and leads up into the Owen Stanley Range. This route was originally used by gold miners in the 1890s and is best known as a World War II historical location where the Japanese attempted to...

Things To Do in Papua New Guinea

Scuba Diving Scuba dive with one of the more than a dozen local scuba diving companies. A excellent place to start is the national Scuba Diving industry organization. Papua New Guinea offers some of the finest tropical reef diving on the planet. Birdwatching With over 700 kinds of birds, including numerous birds...

Food & Drinks in Papua New Guinea

Spices are generally absent from the cuisine. A Mumu, a subterranean oven in which meat and vegetables such as Kaukau (sweet potatoes) are cooked, is a common method of cooking. Rice and another kind of carbohydrate are included in almost every meal. There is typically a mix of this kind...

Money & Shopping in Papua New Guinea

There isn't much shopping in the traditional sense. There are a few malls and supermarkets in the main cities. Otherwise, the majority of shopping is done at tiny markets that are conducted on an irregular basis. The artisan fair, which is hosted once a month in Port Moresby opposite...

Language & Phrasebook in Papua New Guinea

With over 800 languages, it was impossible to get everyone to communicate with one another. Tok Pisin and Hiri Motu grew up in this region, and when the Anglophones married the Hulis and their children learnt the one language they had in common, Tok Pisin became a creole. Tok...

Culture Of Papua New Guinea

It is believed that Papua New Guinea has over a thousand cultural groupings. Many forms of cultural expression have developed as a result of this variety. Each tribe developed its own expressive forms in painting, dancing, weapons, clothing, singing, music, building, and other fields. The majority of these cultural groups...

Stay Safe & Healthy in Papua New...

Stay Safe in Papua New Guinea In certain circles (mainly Australian ones), the country is regarded as a hazardous destination, owing to the operations of criminal gangs (called in Tok Pisin as raskols) in major towns, particularly Port Moresby and Lae. This is usually due to increasing internal migration from subsistence...

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