Monday, June 27, 2022

Destinations in Australia

Australia and OceaniaAustraliaDestinations in Australia

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Regions in Australia

  • New South Wales and Australian Capital Territory (NSW) & (ACT)
    Australia’s most populous state also has the largest city, Sydney, and surrounds the purpose-built capital, Canberra. The coast of New South Wales is lined with coastal communities; further inland are the Blue and Snowy Mountains; still further inland, agricultural plains give way to desert.
  • Northern Territory (NT)
    From the red deserts around Uluru and Alice Springs to the tropics of Darwin and Kakadu National Park, the Northern Territory is stunningly beautiful and easier to get to than you might think.
  • Queensland (QLD)
    Famous for its warm and sunny climate, Queensland offers coastal explorations from the ambience of the Gold Coast to the tropics of the Great Barrier Reef and the bustling city of Brisbane. It is also home to the tropical rainforests of the Daintree National Park and the seaside resorts of the Whitsundays. Inland are the mountain ranges of the hinterland and further out the vastness and beauty of the Australian outback.
  • South Australia (SA)
    Known for the fine wines of the Barossa Valley, the beauty of the Flinders Range and hinterland, and the events and culture of the church city of Adelaide.
  • Tasmania (TAS)
    Separated from the mainland by Bass Strait, the mountainous state of Tasmania offers the rugged beauty of Cradle Mountain to the west, beaches to the east and wilderness to the south. Hobart was the site of the second European settlement in Australia, and many historic sites are well preserved.
  • Victoria (VIC)
    Small, vibrant and offering something for everyone, Victoria has spectacular surf beaches along the southwest and central coasts, lush farmland and photogenic national parks. Melbourne is Australia and Victoria’s capital for sport, shopping, fashion and food.
  • Western Australia (WA)
    A huge state. The southwest contains the state capital and the main city of Perth. The wine-growing and tourist towns of Margaret River and Albany are focused on the southern region. In the far north are the tropics and the seaside resort of Broome. Small towns, truck stops, mining communities and national parks are scattered over long distances.

Islands in Australia

Tasmania is the most important island in Australia. Among other things:

  • Lord Howe’s Island – A showcase of nature, just a two-hour flight from Sydney.
  • Norfolk Island – Halfway to New Zealand, with nature and beaches.
  • Christmas Island – Famous for the migration of red crabs. Flights from Perth and Kuala Lumpur.
  • Cocos Islands – Inhabited coral atoll accessible by flights from Perth.
  • Torres Strait Islands – Indigenous culture between Cape York and Papua New Guinea, requiring permission from traditional owners to visit. Flights from Cairns.
  • Ashmore and Cartier Islands – uninhabited islands.
  • Coral Sea Islands – largely uninhabited islands.
  • Heard Island and McDonald Islands – uninhabited islands located more than 4000 km from the Australian continent.
  • Macquarie Island – An Australian base halfway to Antarctica.
  • Rottnest Island – Rottnest Island, located opposite Fremantle off the coast of Western Australia, is a Class A reserve with 63 beaches and 20 bays.
  • King Island – in Bass Strait, above Tasmania.

Cities in Australia

  • Canberra – Australia’s relatively small, specially designed national capital Canberra is home to many museums
  • Adelaide – South Australia’s “City of Churches”, a relaxed alternative to the big cities of the East
  • Brisbane – capital of sunny Queensland and gateway to beautiful sandy beaches
  • Cairns – gateway to the Great Barrier Reef, Port Douglas, Daintree National Park and many beautiful beaches and resorts; a great place to escape and relax
  • Darwin – the tropical capital of northern Australia, at the tip of the Northern Territory
  • Hobart – picturesque and tranquil capital of Tasmania, site of Australia’s second largest prison colony
  • Melbourne – Australia’s second largest city, Melbourne is the sporting, commercial, gastronomic and cultural capital of the country and is considered the most European city in Australia.
  • Perth – the most remote mainland city on earth on the south-western edge of Western Australia
  • Sydney – Australia’s oldest and largest city, famous for its picturesque harbour and natural beauty.

Other destinations in Australia

  • Blue Mountains – a mountainous region in New South Wales, including the natural element of the Three Sisters.
  • The Dandenong Mountain Ranges – these beautiful ranges offer world-class gardens and picturesque villages
  • Great Barrier Reef – discover this natural wonder off the Queensland coast and easily accessible from Cairns
  • Great Ocean Road – a spectacular coastal road in Victoria, passing many picturesque icons, including the “Twelve Apostles” rocks standing in the sea.
  • Kakadu National Park – Outback Adventure Tours, Aboriginal Culture and Nature Activities in the Northern Territory
  • Nitmiluk National Park – includes the incredible Katherine Gorge near the town of Katherine
  • Snow-capped mountains – almost entirely protected in national parks and home to a number of ski resorts
  • Sunshine Coast and Gold Coast – playgrounds by the sea and in national parks north and south of Brisbane
  • Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park – Uluru (also called Ayers Rock) and Kata Tjuta (the Olgas) are emblematic rock formations of the “Red Centre” in the middle of the Australian desert.
  • Watarrka National Park – best known for Kings Canyon, a mighty gorge up to 270 metres deep.

How To Travel To Australia

By plane Australia is far from the rest of the world, so for most visitors the only practical way to enter Australia is by air. About half of all travellers arrive in Australia for the first time at Kingsford Smith Airport in Sydney (IATA: SYD). A significant number of travellers also...

How To Travel Around Australia

Australia is huge but sparsely populated, and you can sometimes be on the road for many hours before you find the next trace of civilisation, especially if you leave the south-eastern coastal fringe. Almost all modern Australian maps, including street directories, use the Geocentric Datum of Australia (GDA) as a...

Visa & Passport Requirements for Australia

All visitors - with the exception of New Zealand citizens - require a visa before travelling. If you are entering for a stay of less than 90 days, you can apply for three types of visa depending on your nationality. Electronic Travel Authorisation (ETA) Subclass 601 is available online for nationals...

Weather & Climate in Australia

As a large continent, there is a wide variety of climates throughout Australia. The majority of the country has more than 3,000 hours of sunshine each year. In general, the north is hot and tropical, while the south is more subtropical and temperate. Most rainfall occurs on the coast,...

Accommodation & Hotels in Australia

Accommodation is readily available in most Australian cities and destinations. Like everything else in Australia, it is the most expensive by international standards. Hotels All state capitals have a number of 4- or 5-star hotels, often with restaurants, bars, room service and other high-end amenities. Other 2- or 3-star hotels are...

Things To See in Australia

Wildlife Australia's flora and fauna are unique to the island continent, the result of millions of years of isolation from the rest of the world. Australian animals include a large group of marsupials (pocket mammals) and monotremes (egg-laying mammals). The kangaroo (national symbol) and the koala are just a few...

Things To Do in Australia

Swimming in the surf. Australia has seemingly endless sandy beaches. Follow the crowds at Sydney's world-famous Bondi Beach or Surfers Paradise on the Gold Coast. You can also get there on your own (but beware of dangerous beach rips, it's much safer to find a supervised beach). The surf is...

Food & Drinks in Australia

Food in Australia Places to eat Australians often eat out in restaurants, and even in small towns you can usually find one or two options to eat out, with more choice in larger cities.BYO restaurants, BYO stands for Bring Your Own (alcohol). In many urban communities in Australia you will find...

Money & Shopping in Australia

The Australian currency The Australian currency is known as the dollar ($), which is divided into 100 cents (¢). The dollar is called the "Australian dollar" and is usually written "AUD" or A$. The coins are available in denominations of 5, 10, 20, 50, 1 and the lowercase $2. They are...

Festivals & Holidays in Australia

The national holidays in Australia are: 1 January: New Year's Day26 January: Australia Day, marking the anniversary of the landing of the first fleet at Sydney Cove in 1788.Easter weekend ("Good Friday", "Easter Saturday", "Easter Sunday" and "Easter Monday"): four-day weekend in March or April, set according to the Christian...

Traditions & Customs in Australia

Unless you are actively trying to offend someone, it is unlikely that a traveller will insult or offend an Australian out of cultural ignorance. Australian addressing patterns are usually familiar. It is acceptable and normal to use first names in all situations, even with people several years older than you....

Language & Phrasebook in Australia

The English language is universally spoken and understood in Australia. However, as Australia is a global melting pot, you will encounter cultures and hear languages from all over the world, especially in the major cities, and you will often find areas and suburbs that mainly reflect the language of...

Internet & Communications in Australia

Internet Australia offers many ways for travellers to access the internet: Internet cafés can be found in most tourist areas and usually cost 4 to 5 dollars per hour. However, in many internet cafés, 12 to 20 computers share a single broadband connection, sometimes making the internet terribly slow. If possible,...

Culture Of Australia

Since 1788, the main influence on Australian culture has been Anglo-Celtic Western culture, with some Indigenous influences. The divergence and evolution that took place over the following centuries led to the emergence of a distinctive Australian culture. Since the mid-20th century, American popular culture has strongly influenced Australia, especially...

History Of Australia

Prehistory It is estimated that human settlement on the Australian continent began between 42,000 and 48,000 years ago, probably with the migration of people across land bridges and short sea crossings from what is now Southeast Asia. These early inhabitants may be the ancestors of modern Aboriginal Australians. At the...

Stay Safe & Healthy in Australia

Stay safe in Australia Emergencies The number 000 (also called "triple zero" or "triple oh") can be dialed free of charge from any phone in Australia. This number will connect you to the police, fire, coastguard, or ambulance service after you have told the emergency call center which service you need. If...

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