Regions in Australia
- New South Wales and Australian Capital Territory (NSW) & (ACT)
Australia’s most populous state also has the largest city, Sydney, and surrounds the purpose-built capital, Canberra. The coast of New South Wales is lined with coastal communities; further inland are the Blue and Snowy Mountains; still further inland, agricultural plains give way to desert.
- Northern Territory (NT)
From the red deserts around Uluru and Alice Springs to the tropics of Darwin and Kakadu National Park, the Northern Territory is stunningly beautiful and easier to get to than you might think.
- Queensland (QLD)
Famous for its warm and sunny climate, Queensland offers coastal explorations from the ambience of the Gold Coast to the tropics of the Great Barrier Reef and the bustling city of Brisbane. It is also home to the tropical rainforests of the Daintree National Park and the seaside resorts of the Whitsundays. Inland are the mountain ranges of the hinterland and further out the vastness and beauty of the Australian outback.
- South Australia (SA)
Known for the fine wines of the Barossa Valley, the beauty of the Flinders Range and hinterland, and the events and culture of the church city of Adelaide.
- Tasmania (TAS)
Separated from the mainland by Bass Strait, the mountainous state of Tasmania offers the rugged beauty of Cradle Mountain to the west, beaches to the east and wilderness to the south. Hobart was the site of the second European settlement in Australia, and many historic sites are well preserved.
- Victoria (VIC)
Small, vibrant and offering something for everyone, Victoria has spectacular surf beaches along the southwest and central coasts, lush farmland and photogenic national parks. Melbourne is Australia and Victoria’s capital for sport, shopping, fashion and food.
- Western Australia (WA)
A huge state. The southwest contains the state capital and the main city of Perth. The wine-growing and tourist towns of Margaret River and Albany are focused on the southern region. In the far north are the tropics and the seaside resort of Broome. Small towns, truck stops, mining communities and national parks are scattered over long distances.
Islands in Australia
Tasmania is the most important island in Australia. Among other things:
- Lord Howe’s Island – A showcase of nature, just a two-hour flight from Sydney.
- Norfolk Island – Halfway to New Zealand, with nature and beaches.
- Christmas Island – Famous for the migration of red crabs. Flights from Perth and Kuala Lumpur.
- Cocos Islands – Inhabited coral atoll accessible by flights from Perth.
- Torres Strait Islands – Indigenous culture between Cape York and Papua New Guinea, requiring permission from traditional owners to visit. Flights from Cairns.
- Ashmore and Cartier Islands – uninhabited islands.
- Coral Sea Islands – largely uninhabited islands.
- Heard Island and McDonald Islands – uninhabited islands located more than 4000 km from the Australian continent.
- Macquarie Island – An Australian base halfway to Antarctica.
- Rottnest Island – Rottnest Island, located opposite Fremantle off the coast of Western Australia, is a Class A reserve with 63 beaches and 20 bays.
- King Island – in Bass Strait, above Tasmania.
Cities in Australia
- Canberra – Australia’s relatively small, specially designed national capital Canberra is home to many museums
- Adelaide – South Australia’s “City of Churches”, a relaxed alternative to the big cities of the East
- Brisbane – capital of sunny Queensland and gateway to beautiful sandy beaches
- Cairns – gateway to the Great Barrier Reef, Port Douglas, Daintree National Park and many beautiful beaches and resorts; a great place to escape and relax
- Darwin – the tropical capital of northern Australia, at the tip of the Northern Territory
- Hobart – picturesque and tranquil capital of Tasmania, site of Australia’s second largest prison colony
- Melbourne – Australia’s second largest city, Melbourne is the sporting, commercial, gastronomic and cultural capital of the country and is considered the most European city in Australia.
- Perth – the most remote mainland city on earth on the south-western edge of Western Australia
- Sydney – Australia’s oldest and largest city, famous for its picturesque harbour and natural beauty.
Other destinations in Australia
- Blue Mountains – a mountainous region in New South Wales, including the natural element of the Three Sisters.
- The Dandenong Mountain Ranges – these beautiful ranges offer world-class gardens and picturesque villages
- Great Barrier Reef – discover this natural wonder off the Queensland coast and easily accessible from Cairns
- Great Ocean Road – a spectacular coastal road in Victoria, passing many picturesque icons, including the “Twelve Apostles” rocks standing in the sea.
- Kakadu National Park – Outback Adventure Tours, Aboriginal Culture and Nature Activities in the Northern Territory
- Nitmiluk National Park – includes the incredible Katherine Gorge near the town of Katherine
- Snow-capped mountains – almost entirely protected in national parks and home to a number of ski resorts
- Sunshine Coast and Gold Coast – playgrounds by the sea and in national parks north and south of Brisbane
- Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park – Uluru (also called Ayers Rock) and Kata Tjuta (the Olgas) are emblematic rock formations of the “Red Centre” in the middle of the Australian desert.
- Watarrka National Park – best known for Kings Canyon, a mighty gorge up to 270 metres deep.