Monday, January 17, 2022

History Of Yemen

AsiaYemenHistory Of Yemen

Read next

Yemen has long existed at the crossroads of cultures, linked to some of the oldest centres of civilization in the Near East by virtue of its location in South Arabia. Between the 12th century BCE and the 6th century, it was part of the Minaean, Sabaean, Hadhramaut, Qataban, Ausan and Himyarite kingdoms, which controlled the lucrative spice trade, and later came under Ethiopian and Persian rule. In the 6th century, the Himyarite king Abu-Karib Assad converted to Judaism. In the 7th century, Islamic caliphs began to exert control over the area. After this caliphate broke up, South Arabia came under the control of many dynasties who ruled part, or often all of South Arabia. Imams of Persian origin ruled Yemen intermittently for 160 years, establishing a theocratic political structure that survived until modern times.

Egyptian Sunni caliphs occupied much of Yemen throughout the 11th century. By the 16th century and again in the 19th century, Yemen was part of the Ottoman Empire, and in some periods Imams exerted control over all of Yemen.

The modern history of south Arabia and Yemen began in 1918 when Yemen gained independence from the Ottoman Empire. Between 1918 and 1962, Yemen was a monarchy ruled by the Hamidaddin family. North Yemen then became a republic in 1962, but it was not until 1967 that the British Empire, which had set up a protective area around the South Arabia port of Aden in the 19th century, withdrew from what became South Yemen. In 1970, the southern government adopted a nominally Communist governmental system. The two countries were formally united as the Republic of Yemen on 22 May 1990.

Unfortunately, things eventually took a turn for the worse for the unified country. The USS Cole, a visiting U.S. Navy ship, was attacked by Al Qaeda in 2000 while on a fuel stop in Aden. Al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula has since grown stronger in the country, and the U.S. has responded by striking targets in Yemen repeatedly with drone-fired missiles. The government of longtime dictator, Ali Abdullah Saleh, fell amid dramatic protests associated with the Arab Spring in 2012, but his successor, former Vice President Abd Rabbu Mansour Hadi, hardly rushed to institute the reforms demanded by the demonstrators and was overthrown by the militia of the Shi’a Houthis, who took over the government outright in February 2015. Sunni Arab governments, especially that of Saudi Arabia, were close to Saleh and Hadi and oppose Shi’a rule in this Arabian country. They have supported a coalition of Sunni Islamists called Al-Islah in a civil war against the Houthi forces, and have led a brutal bombing campaign that has damaged the country’s infrastructure to the extent that the December 14, 2014 U.S. State Department travel warning states that:

“The military conflict has significantly destroyed infrastructure, limiting the availability of electricity, clean water, and medical care, and causing travel by internal roads to be dangerous. This instability often hampers the ability of humanitarian organizations to deliver critically needed food, medicine, and water.”

How To Travel To Yemen

By planeEmirates Airlines operates daily flights from Dubai (United Arab Emirates) to Sana'a. Yemen is one hour behind UAE time, thus the trip takes little longer than two hours. On Tuesdays and Saturdays, budget carrier Air Arabia flies from Sharjah (near Dubai) to Sana'a. Yemenia, the national carrier, travels...

How To Travel Around Yemen

Yemen is difficult to navigate since foreign nationals need travel permits and independent travel is prohibited in certain areas. The eastern Mahra area lacks road infrastructure, while the rest of Yemen has hundreds of kilometers of freshly constructed highways. If you are an adventurous tourist, local transportation (taxis, buses,...

Visa & Passport Requirements for Yemen

Visa rules vary often, and it is best to contact an embassy to ensure that the necessary paperwork is acquired (it is also a good idea to consult one of the approved tour operators in Sana'a). Visas on arrival are no longer available as of January 2010, and residents...

Accommodation & Hotels in Yemen

Outside of the capital and the main cities (Sana'a, Aden, and al-Mukalla), lodging is often simple and of the mattress-on-the-floor type, with communal bathing facilities and WCs. Most bigger communities will have at least one funduq that offers this kind of lodging. The Tourist Hotel is a common...

Things To See in Yemen

Babel Yemen (ancient city), Wadi Dhar, Sana'a (Dar al-Hadschar Palace - also known as the rock house). Sana'a is located at a height of approximately 2,200 meters (7,200 feet). The ancient city is a UNESCO World Heritage site and a mysterious and beautiful location. One of the world's oldest...

Things to do in Yemen

It is a tourist destination where, although the accommodations may not be the finest, the country itself contains numerous gems that will appeal to any open-minded visitor. The views are breathtaking, the people are welcoming, their culture is distinct, and their cuisine is delectable. Take excursions into the mountains...

Food & Drinks in Yemen

Food in YemenYemeni cuisine is distinct from the rest of the Arabian Peninsula, and it is a true highlight of any visit to the nation, especially when enjoyed with locals (which is an invitation most visitors will receive more often than they might expect).Salta, a meat-based stew flavored with...

Money & Shopping in Yemen

CurrencyYemeni rials (YER) are issued as banknotes in denominations of YER50, YER100, YER200, YER250, YER500, and YER1000, as well as YER10 and YER20 coins.The rial is a freely convertible currency that fluctuates a lot. In September 2014, €1 equaled YER276.ShoppingAlmost wherever you go, you can purchase the curved dagger...

Traditions & Customs in Yemen

When exploring Yemen, the following guidelines should always be followed:This is a Muslim-majority nation. As a result, be cautious about where you aim your camera. There are many excellent picture possibilities around every turn (the question is generally what to leave out of each shot), but always ask first...

Language & Phrasebook in Yemen

The official language is Arabic. While many residents may try to converse in other languages with non-Arabic speakers, any tourist will almost definitely require at least some Arabic, especially if going outside of the capital. Even inside Sana'a, multilingual signs, which are ubiquitous across the Middle East, are often...

Culture Of Yemen

Yemen is a culturally diverse nation influenced by numerous civilizations, including the early civilisation of Sheba.MediaYemeni radio transmission started in the 1940s, when the country was still split between South by the British and North by the Imami governing regime. Following Yemen's unification in 1990, the Yemeni government reorganized...

Stay Safe & Healthy in Yemen

Stay Safe in YemenYemen is presently at war and under international assault, and it has suffered significant damage. Terrorism and kidnappings of individuals, especially foreigners, have also been issues.When it is possible to return to Yemen, the following will become relevant:Under Islamic law, public use of alcohol is punishable...

Asia

Africa

South America

Europe

North America

Most Popular