Yemen is a culturally diverse nation influenced by numerous civilizations, including the early civilisation of Sheba.
Yemeni radio transmission started in the 1940s, when the country was still split between South by the British and North by the Imami governing regime. Following Yemen’s unification in 1990, the Yemeni government reorganized its companies and established several new radio stations that may broadcast locally. However, it withdrew in 1994 because to the civil war’s destruction of infrastructure.
Television is Yemen’s most important media outlet. Given the country’s low literacy rate, television is Yemenis’ primary source of news. Yemen presently has six free-to-air channels, four of which are controlled by the government.
Yemen’s film industry is in its early beginnings, with just two Yemeni films released as of 2008.
Yemeni theater has a history that goes back at least a century, to the early 1900s. In the country’s main cities, both amateur and professional (government-sponsored) theater troupes perform. Many notable Yemeni poets and writers, such Ali Ahmed Ba Kathir, Muhammad al-Sharafi, and Wajdi al-Ahdal, have produced dramatic works; poetry, novels, and short stories by Yemeni authors such as Mohammad Abdul-Wali and Abdulaziz Al-Maqaleh have also been adapted for the theater. Yemeni performances of plays by Arab writers such as Tawfiq al-Hakim and Saadallah Wannous, as well as Western authors such as Shakespeare, Pirandello, Brecht, and Tennessee Williams, have occurred. Historically, the southern port city of Aden is the birthplace of Yemeni theatre; but, in recent decades, the capital, Sana’a, has held a number of theatrical events, frequently in connection with World Theatre Day.
Football is Yemen’s most popular sport. Yemen Football Association is a FIFA and AFC member. Yemen’s national football team competes on a global scale. The nation also has a large number of football clubs. They participate in national and international leagues.
The mountains of Yemen provide many possibilities for outdoor activities such as riding, rock climbing, trekking, hiking, mountain jumping, and other more difficult sports such as mountain climbing. Seasonal mountain climbing and hiking trips to the Sarawat Mountains and the Jabal a Nabi Shu’ayb, including the region’s 3,000 m (9,800 ft) summits, are arranged by local and international alpine organizations.
Water activities such as surfing, bodyboarding, sailing, swimming, and scuba diving are also popular along Yemen’s coast and on Socotra Island. Socotra Island is home to some of the world’s finest surfing spots.
Camel leaping is a traditional activity that is gaining popularity among the Zaraniq tribe on Yemen’s west coast, on a desert plain near the Red Sea. Camels are lined up side by side, and the contestant who jumps over the most camels from a running start wins. The jumpers train for contests all year. Tribesmen (women are not permitted to participate) tuck their robes around their waists to allow them to move freely while racing and jumping.
Yemen’s greatest sporting event was the staging of the 2010 Gulf Cup of Nations in Aden and Abyan in the country’s south on November 22, 2010. Yemen was considered to be the tournament’s best contender, however they were beaten in the first three matches.
Naseem Hamed is the most well-known Yemeni boxer and athlete on a global scale.
World Heritage sites
Four World Heritage sites are among Yemen’s natural and cultural features.
The Old Walled City of Shibam in Wadi Hadhramaut was inscribed by UNESCO in 1982, two years after Yemen joined the World Heritage Committee, and is known as the “Manhattan of the Desert” because to its “skyscrapers.” The 16th-century city is one of the earliest instances of urban design based on the concept of vertical building, surrounded by a defensive wall constructed of mud and straw.
Sana’a’s historic Old City, at an elevation of approximately 2,100 meters (7,000 feet), has been inhabited for over two and a half millennia and was inscribed in 1986. Sana’a grew into a significant Islamic center in the 7th century, and the 103 mosques, 14 hammams (traditional bath houses), and almost 6,000 homes that now stand are from before the 11th century.
The Historic Town of Zabid, on the Red Sea Coast, was inscribed in 1993 as Yemen’s capital from the 13th to the 15th centuries and is an archaeological and historical site. It was significant for many centuries because of its university, which served as a center of study for the whole Arab and Islamic world. Algebra is believed to have been developed there by the little-known scholar Al-Jazari in the early 9th century.
The Socotra Archipelago has been added to Yemen’s list of World Heritage Sites. This lonely and isolated archipelago, mentioned by Marco Polo in the 13th century, comprises of four islands and two rocky islets that mark the southern border of the Gulf of Aden. The area is rich in biodiversity. There are no other places on the planet where you can find 37% of Socotra’s 825 plants, 90% of its reptiles, and 95% of its snails. It is home to 192 bird species, 253 coral species, 730 coastal fish species, and 300 crab and lobster species, as well as a variety of Aloes and the Dragon’s Blood Tree (Dracaena cinnabari). Socotra’s cultural legacy includes the distinctive Soqotri language.