Tashkent International Airport “Yuzhniy” is Uzbekistan’s major airport (IATA: TAS). The airport itself is fairly modern, with many foreign airlines as well as Uzbekistan Airways operating. The airport infrastructure is excellent, but the personnel is not. Most of them will be useless bureaucrats with an unhelpful attitude. Baggage claim and customs processes may take up to two hours.
Andijan, Bukhara, Ferghana, Karshi, Namangan, Nukus, Samarkand, Tashkent, Termez, and Urgench all have airports.
Passenger services are only available to Kazakhstan and through Kazakhstan to Russia and Ukraine. Among them are the following trains:
- Tashkent – Moscow (3 times weekly): Train 6 Uzbekistan leaves Moscow on Mon, Wed and Fri at 23:15 and arrives in Tashkent at 22:35 on Wed, Fri and Sun. The distance from Moscow to Tashkent by rail is 3,369 km.
- Tashkent – Ufa (3 times weekly)
- Tashkent – Chelyabinsk (once weekly)
- Tashkent – Kharkov (once weekly)
- Tashkent – Saratov (every 4 days)
- Nukus – Tashkent – Almaty (once weekly)
In addition, railway lines connect Uzbekistan to Turkmenistan and Tajikistan. However, service to Turkmenistan has been halted.
There are routes from neighboring nations, however the borders may be closed and there have been security issues. Some border regions are at danger of land mines.
The Friendship Bridge, located 10 kilometers south of Termiz, connects Afghanistan with Uzbekistan.
Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan share just two border crossings:
- The major road crossing between Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan is Gisht Kuprik (Chernyaevka) between Shymkent and Tashkent. A shared cab or marschrutka from the Kolos bus station in Shymkent to the border costs about US$ 4. The journey takes approximately one hour. The border is open from 7 a.m. to 9 p.m. (Tashkent time). You must cross the border and take a cab from the border to Tashkent, which will cost about UZS 6000. There have been reports of border wait times of up to 5 or 6 hours.
- Another crossing is located between Beyneu in western Kazakhstan and Kungrad in Uzbekistan.
- Buses from Bishkek to Uzbekistan stop at the border at Gisht Kuprik (Chernyaevka). You will need to take a cab from the border to Tashkent, which will cost you UZS 6000. Kazakhstan requires a transit visa.
- You may walk over the border after taking a taxi or minibus from Jalal Abad to Khanabad (20som).
- From Osh, you may take a cab (50som) or a minibus (5som) to Dustlyk (Dostyk) and then a shared taxi to Andijan in Uzbekistan.
The distance between Dushanbe and the border at Denau is about 55 kilometers. Taxis leave from Dushanbe’s Zarnisar Bazaar. A cab ride will cost about 8TJS and will take approximately 90 minutes. There are Minbusses that go from the border to Denau. You’ll need to take a shared cab to Samarkand from there.
You must take a shared cab from Penjikent to the Tajik-Uzbek border (5 TJS, 22 km) and then another taxi from the border to Samarkand (about 50 km).
Buses run to all neighboring countries when land borders are open.
Uzbekistan is landlocked, with the exception of the southern portion of the inland Aral Sea. In reality, it is one of the world’s only two doubly landlocked nations, the other being Liechtenstein.