Turkmenistan publishes a variety of newspapers and monthly publications. Turkmenistan presently transmits seven national television stations via satellite. Altyn asyr, Yashlyk, Miras, Turkmenistan (in seven languages), Turkmen owazy, Turkmen sportive, and Ashgabat are among them. There are no commercial or private television channels in the country. State-controlled publications produce articles that are highly restricted and written to praise the state and its leader.
Central Asia has the least developed Internet services. The government’s ISP business, “Turkmentelekom,” provides internet access. Turkmenistan has 252,741 internet users as of December 31, 2011, accounting for approximately 5% of the entire population.
Education is universal and obligatory through the secondary level, with the overall length formerly lowered from 10 to 9 years; with the new President, mandatory education will be extended to 10 years beginning with the 2007–2008 school year. Since 2013, secondary general education in Turkmenistan has been divided into three stages lasting 12 years, as follows: Elementary school (grades 1-3), High School – the first cycle of secondary education lasting five years (4–8 classes), Secondary school – the second cycle of secondary education – must be completed in four years (9–12 courses).
The challenge for contemporary Turkmen architecture is to apply modern aesthetics in a variety of ways, to find one’s own creative style, and to incorporate the existing historico-cultural context. The majority of structures are faced with white marble. Turkmenistan Tower, Bagt köşgi, and the Alem Cultural and Entertainment Center have changed the country’s skyline and promoted its modern character.