Regions in Syria
Syria technically has 14 governorates, however for travelers, the following conceptual classification used to make more sense:
Aleppo, one of the world’s oldest towns, as well as the Dead Cities, 700 abandoned villages in the country’s northwest.
A volcanic plateau in southwest Syria that contains Damascus and its area of influence.
The Orontes Valley, which includes the cities of Hama and Homs.
Syrian Coast and Mountains
Green and fertile, Christian and liberal in outlook, and dominated by Phoenician and Crusader history
A large uninhabited desert with the oasis of Palmyra and the Euphrates basin, both of which are historically connected with Assyrian and Babylonian history.
Cities in Syria
- Damascus — the capital claimed to be the oldest continuously inhabited city in the world
- Aleppo — a large souk and ancient citadel with great views
- Deir-az-Zur — a desert town on the Euphrates River bank
- Hama — waterwheels
- Homs — an ancient city by the Orontes river, amazing green mountains in Spring
- Latakia — a major port city, Saladin’s Castle, Fronloq Forests and Al Samra Beach near Kasab
- Tartous — a historical port city and historical small island called Arwad
Other destinations in Syria
- Apamea was an ancient Roman city that originally contained about 500,000 people. Apamea was devastated by an earthquake in the 12th century, but it still has a lengthy street lined with columns, some of which have twisted fluting.
- Bosra is a Roman city in southern Syria near the Jordanian border known for its use of black basalt stones and well-preserved theater.
- Crac des Chevaliers is the quintessential Crusader fortress, beautifully maintained and not to be missed.
- Dead Cities – A group of cities that were formerly part of Antioch. They’ve been abandoned for a long time, yet they’re nevertheless worth a visit for visitors. Pyramidal tombs and once magnificent archways stand atop contemporary farmland in Al Bara. Serjilla is another well-known dead city.
- Der Mar Musa is not a tourist attraction, but rather an active Christian monastery that promotes Islamic/Christian cooperation. Welcomes Christians as well as people of other faiths. It is located 80 kilometers north of Damascus.
- Palmyra – in the midst of the desert, formerly housed the once-magnificent remains of a Roman metropolis. The UNESCO-listed historic monument, formerly considered Syria’s biggest tourist, is no longer a viable destination after being destroyed by Daesh militants in 2015.
- Saladin’s Castle is a peaceful treasure in a pine-forested valley 37 kilometers inland from Latakia.
- Salamieh — Salamiyah is a historic city that was originally recognized during Babylonian times around 3500 BC; it includes Shmemis fortress, the Greek temple of Zeus, the old Hammam, the old Walls, and the remains of Roman canals.