Wednesday, August 31, 2022

History Of Sri Lanka

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Sri Lanka has a continuous recorded history of over 2,500 years, as documented by the Mahawansha, and is referenced in many ancient Indian scriptures. One of the most famous is the Ramayana, in which the island, known as Lanka, was the island stronghold of King Ravana, who kidnapped Rama, an avatar of the Hindu God Vishnu. According to legend, Hanuman the monkey flew over to Lanka and set fire to the city, while Rama and his surviving soldiers subsequently crossed over from the mainland by constructing a land bridge across the sea.

There is a school of thinking, albeit it is mostly unsubstantiated, that Sita, Rama’s wife, eloped with Ravana while Rama was abroad. Those who accept this viewpoint believe that this is why Rama subjected Sita to a “agni pariksha” (fire test) to establish her purity. Nonetheless, supporters of Valmiki’s account of the event strongly oppose this idea.

The Sinhalese came in Sri Lanka in the late sixth century BC, most likely from northern India. Buddhism was introduced in the mid-3rd century BC, and towns like as Anuradhapura (kingdom from c. 200BCE to c. 1000CE) and Polonnaruwa grew into major civilizations (c. 1070 to 1200). Later noteworthy kingdoms include Dambadeniya, Yapahuwa, Gampola, Kandy, and Jaffna.

The island was occupied by the Portuguese in the 16th century and by the Dutch in the 17th century before being surrendered to the British in 1796 and becoming a crown colony in 1802. It gained independence as Ceylon in 1948, and its name was changed to Sri Lanka in 1972.

How To Travel To Sri Lanka

By plane Colombo-Bandaranaike International Airport (IATA: CMB) is Sri Lanka's first and largest airport; a cab ride to Colombo (35 km) would take approximately an hour. A third international airport, Mattala Rajapaksa International Airport (Hambantota International Airport, IATA: HRI), opened in 2013 and is situated in the southern portion of...

How To Travel Around Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka's infrastructure and public transportation systems are continuously increasing, making independent travel simpler over time. However, owing to local driving customs, many roads are still severely potholed and, at times, frightening. Buses may not seem like the most attractive mode of transportation for some, what with their sometimes...

Visa & Passport Requirements for Sri Lanka

Sri Lankan authorities will arrest and deport anybody who has a tattoo of Buddha or any other tattoo that might be regarded as religiously significant. If you have such a tattoo, it is highly recommended that you cover it up or avoid visiting Sri Lanka. Visa rules Except for the Maldives...

Destinations in Sri Lanka

Regions in Sri Lanka Officially, Sri Lanka is split into nine administrative provinces: Central Province (Kandy, Matale, Nuwara Eliya, Sigiriya, Dambulla)Because of its hilly topography, it is known as the "hill country." Northern Province (Jaffna, Kilinochchi, Vanni, Mannar)Home to the Tamil-speaking people of the nation. After being devastated by war, it is being restored. North...

Accommodation & Hotels in Sri Lanka

Accommodation in Sri Lanka has changed dramatically in recent years. The contemporary tourism business started in the 1960s with the construction of conventional beach hotels on the west coast targeted mainly at the package vacation population and traditional travel operators. However, the last decade has seen a significant shift,...

Things To See in Sri Lanka

Please be advised that you will be charged up to 10 times more than natives to enter several of Sri Lanka's tourist attractions as a foreigner. Popular tourist attractions in Sri Lanka include: Sri Dhalada Maligawa and Peradeniya Gardens in Kandy.The ancient temples in Anuradhapura, Dambulla and Polonnaruwa which are very...

Things to do in Sri Lanka

Depending on your preferences, you can perform a number of things. Surfing is available on the western and southern coasts from November to April. Weligama on the southern shore is the best location for novices. A board may be rented for LKR1,500 per day or LKR400 per hour. Lessons are...

Money & Shopping in Sri Lanka

Costs Accommodation in Sri Lanka is somewhat more costly than in Southeast Asia. Food, on the other hand, is comparable: Local street food costs around €1, a dinner at a local restaurant is about €2-€5, and a bottle of local Lion beer costs about €1. There are modest lodgings, hostels,...

Food & Drinks in Sri Lanka

Food in Sri Lanka Sri Lankan and South Indian cuisines are quite similar, and many local eateries advertise their menus as Sri Lankan & South Indian. However, there are regional differences, such as various kinds of hopper, devilled prawns/cuttlefish/chicken/etc., and the typical spicy addition to any curry, pol sambol, which...

Festivals & Holidays in Sri Lanka

New Year The Sinhala and Tamil new years ("Aluth Avurudhu" in Sinhala, "Puthiyathandu" in Tamil) are two of the most important cultural events on the island. The celebration is held in April (also known as the month of Bak), when the sun passes from the Meena Rashiya (House of Pisces)...

Traditions & Customs in Sri Lanka

There are a few traditions that will take some getting accustomed to, especially for Western visitors. When visiting temples, it is traditional to remove your shoes and dress respectfully (no miniskirts, tank tops, short pants, etc…). It is also customary to remove shoes before entering a house, but this is...

Internet & Communications in Sri Lanka

Phone Sri Lanka's country code is 94. When dialing from outside the country, remove the intercity prefix (0) before the area code (for example, 0112 688 688 becomes +94 112 688 688). The two digits after 94 indicate the area code, which varies by district. Mobile GSM telephones are widely used, and...

Language & Phrasebook in Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka's two official languages are Sinhala, which is spoken by the majority Sinhalese, and Tamil, which is spoken by the minority Tamil and Muslim communities. English is widely spoken in most cities, including Colombo, Kandy, and Galle, as well as by government and tourist authorities. However, although most...

Culture Of Sri Lanka

Sri Lankan culture goes back over 2500 years. It is mainly inspired by Buddhism and Hinduism. Sri Lanka has two major traditional cultures: Sinhalese (centered on the ancient towns of Kandy and Anuradhapura) and Tamil (centred in the city of Jaffna). More recently, the people have been impacted by...

Stay Safe & Healthy in Sri Lanka

Stay Safe in Sri Lanka After the military defeat of rebel rebels in the north of the nation in June 2009, the Sri Lankan government removed travel advisories, although it is still a good idea to check with your country's local travel advisory office if you have any doubts. Sri...

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