Monday, June 27, 2022

Culture Of Qatar

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Qatar’s culture is similar to that of other eastern Arab countries and is strongly influenced by Islam. Qatar’s National Day, celebrated annually on 18 December, has played an important role in developing a sense of national identity. It is celebrated in commemoration of the succession to the throne of Jassim bin Mohammed Al Thani and the subsequent unification of the country’s various tribes. Since 1 July 2008, Hamad Bin Abdulaziz Al-Kawari has been the Minister of Culture, Arts and Heritage in Qatar.

Art and museums in Qatar

Several prominent members of the Al Thani family, which rules Qatar, are major collectors of Islamic and contemporary art.

Opened in 2008, the Museum of Islamic Art is considered one of the best museums in the region. This museum, along with several other Qatari museums such as the Arab Museum of Modern Art, is under the Qatar Museums Authority (QMA), which is headed by Sheikha Al-Mayassa bint Hamad bin Khalifa Al-Thani, sister of the ruling Emir of the State of Qatar, and the eminent collector and patron Sheikh Hassan bin Mohammed Al Thani. The QMA also sponsors art events abroad, such as the major exhibitions of Takahashi Murakami in Versailles (2010) and Damien Hirst in London (2012).

Qatar is the world’s largest buyer in the art market by value. The Qatari cultural sector is developing to enable the country to gain global recognition, to contribute to the development of a country that derives its resources mainly from the gas industry.

Media in Qatar

Qatar’s media was classified as “not free” in Freedom House’s 2014 press freedom report. Television broadcasting in Qatar began in 1970. Al Jazeera is a major television station headquartered in Doha, Qatar. Al Jazeera was originally launched in 1996 as an eponymous Arabic satellite news and current affairs television channel, but has since evolved into a global network of several specialised television stations collectively known as the Al Jazeera Media Network.

It has been reported that journalists practice self-censorship, especially against the government and the ruling family of Qatar. It is illegal to criticise the government, the Emir and the ruling family in the media. According to Article 46 of the Press Law, “the Emir of the State of Qatar may not be criticised and no statement may be attributed to him without the written permission of the director of his office”. Journalists are also liable to prosecution for insulting Islam.

In 2014, a law on the prevention of cybercrime was passed. This law would restrict press freedom and provides for imprisonment and fines for common reasons such as endangering local peace or publishing false news. The Gulf Centre for Human Rights described the law as a threat to freedom of expression and called for the repeal of some articles of the law.

The news media has expanded in recent years. There are currently seven newspapers circulating in Qatar, four of which are in Arabic and three in English. There are also newspapers from India, Nepal and Sri Lanka whose editions are printed from Qatar.

In terms of telecommunications infrastructure, Qatar ranks first in the Middle East in the World Economic Forum’s Network Readiness Index (NRI) – an indicator used to determine a country’s level of development in information and communications technology. Qatar ranks 23rd in the NRI 2014, unchanged from 2013.

Music in Qatar

The music of Qatar is based on Bedouin poetry, song and dance. Traditional dances are performed in Doha on Friday afternoons; one of these dances is the ardah, a stylised martial dance performed by two rows of dancers accompanied by a range of percussion instruments, including al-ras (a large drum whose leather is heated by an open fire), tambourines and cymbals with small drums. Other percussion instruments used in folk music include galahs (a large clay vessel) and drinking cups made of tin called tus or tasat, which are usually used in conjunction with a tabl, an elongated drum beaten with a stick. Stringed instruments such as the oud and the rebaba are also commonly used.

Sport in Qatar

Club football is the most popular sport in Qatar, both in terms of the number of players and spectators. Qatar’s U-20 national team finished runners-up at the 1981 FIFA World Youth Championship after losing 4-0 to West Germany in the final. In January 2011, Qatar hosted the 15th Asian Football Confederation Asian Cup. It was the second time Qatar hosted the tournament, the other being the 1988 edition.

On 2 December 2010, Qatar won the bid to host the 2022 FIFA World Cup? despite never having qualified for the World Cup finals. The local organisers plan to build 9 new stadiums and expand 3 existing stadiums for the event. Qatar’s winning bid for the 2022 World Cup was greeted with enthusiasm in the Persian Gulf region, as it was the first time a Middle Eastern country had been chosen to host the event. However, the bid was the subject of much controversy, including allegations of corruption and interference in the investigation of corruption allegations. European football federations also opposed the 2022 World Cup in Qatar for a number of reasons ranging from the impact of hot temperatures on the physical condition of players to the disruption to the calendar of European national leagues if the event was moved to winter. In May 2014, Qatari football official Mohammed bin Hammam was accused of making payments totalling £3 million to officials to support the Qatari bid. However, a FIFA investigation into the bidding process in November 2014 cleared Qatar of any wrongdoing.

The Guardian, a national British daily newspaper, produced a short documentary entitled “Abuse and exploitation of migrant workers in emirate’s preparations for 2022”. A 2014 Guardian investigation reported that migrant workers who built luxurious offices for the 2022 World Cup organisers had not been paid for more than a year and that they were “now working illegally in cockroach-infested accommodation”. In 2014, a Nepalese migrant involved in the construction of infrastructure for the 2022 World Cup died every two days. The Qatar 2022 organising committee responded to the various allegations by saying that hosting the World Cup in Qatar would act as a “catalyst for change” in the region.

Although football is the most popular sport, other team sports have also achieved notable success at senior level. In 2015, the national handball team finished runner-up in the Men’s Handball World Cup behind France, who hosted the tournament, but the tournament was marked by many controversies about the host country and its team. In addition, Qatar won the men’s 3×3 Basketball World Cup in 2014.

The Khalifa International Tennis and Squash Complex in Doha hosted the WTA Tour Women’s Tennis Championships between 2008 and 2010. Every year, Doha hosts the WTA Premier Women’s Open tournament in Qatar. Since 2002, Qatar has hosted the annual Tour of Qatar, a six-stage cycling race. Every year in February, riders compete for six days on the roads of Qatar. Each stage covers a distance of more than 100 km, with the time trial usually being shorter. The Tour of Qatar is organised by the Qatar Cycling Federation for professional riders in the elite men’s category.

The Qatari army parachuting team has several different parachuting disciplines that are among the best in the world. The Qatar National Parachuting Team performs every year on Qatar National Day and at other major events, such as the 2015 Handball World Cup.

How To Travel To Qatar

By plane Air travel to Qatar has boomed in the last decade. Most visitors to the country arrive via Hamad International Airport (IATA: DOH) near Doha. The national carrier, Qatar Airways, has established an extensive network of flights to 124 destinations from its Doha hub. Flights to Sydney, scheduled to...

How To Travel Around Qatar

There are three types of public transport in Qatar: buses, taxis and limousines, all owned by the state-owned company Mowasalat (Karwa), with the exception of some private limousine companies. By bus The bus service started in October 2005. Ticketing is done via a Karwa smartcard, which is available in three versions: Smartcard...

Visa & Passport Requirements for Qatar

Qatar issues a 30-day visa on arrival at Doha Airport to nationals of the following countries: Andorra, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brunei, Canada, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Monaco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, San Marino, Singapore, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland,...

Things To See in Qatar

For a relatively small peninsula in the Middle East, there is a lot to see in Qatar. Historical monuments The history buff will not be disappointed, with a selection of ruins, rock art and museums to keep the mind wandering. The most famous is the archaeological site of Zubarah, which contains...

Things To Do in Qatar

A good activity for tourists is simply to experience the country's tradition. The traditional way of life of the Qataris was simple: Bedouin nomads roamed the desert with their camels, and fishermen searched the seabed for pearls to trade. Although these two ways of life have largely disappeared in...

Food & Drinks in Qatar

Food in Qatar Qatar has a seemingly unlimited choice of food, many of which are excellent. If you want to try European cuisine in a refined setting, go to a hotel like the Ramada or Marriott, both of which offer excellent sushi and the option of alcoholic drinks with your...

Money & Shopping in Qatar

The national currency is the Qatari Riyal (QAR). The riyal is pegged to the US dollar at a rate of QR 3.64 per US dollar. One riyal is divided into 100 dirhams, with coins of 1, 5, 10, 25 and 50 dirhams. The riyal is available in denominations of...

Festivals & Events in Qatar

Qatar observes several public holidays. The two weekend days are Friday and Saturday. Annual public holidays are: DateEnglish nameLocal name (Arabic)DescriptionSecond Tuesday in FebruaryNational Sports Dayاليوم الوطني للرياضةA holiday. Started in 2012.Beginning of MarchMarch holidaysعطلة البنكA holiday.18 DecemberQatar National Dayاليوم الوطني لقطرNational Day of Qatar.1st, 2nd, 3rd ShavwalEid ul-Fitrعيد الفطرReminiscent...

Traditions & Customs in Qatar

Respect the Islamic beliefs of Qataris and Bedouins: Although there is no legal obligation to wear the hijab, women should not wear tube tops or tight-fitting clothes, although there is no strict rule and women are free to dress as they wish. It is perfectly acceptable for any nationality...

Internet & Communications in Qatar

By phone If you are calling from abroad, the Qatar country code is 974. There is no city or area code. When you call abroad from Qatar, the international dialling code is usually 0. Qatari phone numbers now have eight digits. Previously it was seven, but this was changed by...

Language & Phrasebook in Qatar

Arabic is the official language in Qatar, although it is safe to say that the majority of the population does not speak it. The number of foreign workers from the Indian subcontinent and the Philippines far exceeds the number of local Qataris, especially in Doha (where foreigners make up...

History Of Qatar

Ancient Human settlement in Qatar dates back to 50,000 years ago. Settlements and tools dating back to the Stone Age have been excavated on the peninsula. Mesopotamian artefacts from the Ubaid period (ca. 6500-3800 BC) have been discovered in abandoned coastal settlements. Al Da'asa, a settlement on the northeast coast...

Stay Safe & Healthy in Qatar

Stay safe in Qatar The emergency number for police, ambulance or fire brigade is 999. Qatar stands out clearly from the surrounding region, there is no war, no conflicts and hardly any crime. Western women travelling alone are sometimes stared at by local men, along with other unwanted curiosity seekers. However, this...

Weather & Climate in Qatar

The climate in Qatar can be described as dry and unforgiving. In summer, which lasts from May to September, the days are characterised by intense and humid heat, averaging 35°C, but not unknown to peak at 50°C. In winter, October to April, the days are much more bearable at...

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