Pakistan’s attractions include the remains of ancient civilisations such as Mohenjo-daro, Harappa, and Taxila, as well as Himalayan hill stations that draw tourists from all over the globe who are interested in winter sports and natural beauty. Pakistan has many mountain peaks above 7,000 meters, including K2, and is a popular destination for mountaineers and explorers. In addition to natural splendor, the northern portion of the nation has historical buildings such as fortifications. Small pre-Islamic Animist Kalasha groups claim ancestry from Alexander the Great in the Hunza and Chitral valleys, while the romanticism of the ancient Khyber Pakhtunkhwa region is timeless and mythical. The ancient city of Lahore is located in Punjab province, which includes the location of Alexander’s fight on the Jhelum River. The Badshahi Masjid, Shalimar Gardens, the Tomb of Jahangir, and the Lahore Fort are all examples of Mughal architecture in Pakistan’s cultural capital. Pakistan’s cultural and physical variety should have made it a popular tourist destination for foreigners, but owing to security concerns and poor service and cleanliness standards, visitor numbers have declined in this century.
Post-independence Pakistan has preserved its history by erecting numerous monuments to celebrate its independence, which include a variety of styles and influences from the past.
World Heritage Sites
Six significant cultural sites in Pakistan have been designated as UNESCO World Heritage Sites. These are some of them:
- Moenjodaro has archeological remains from the Indus Valley Civilization.
- Buddhist ruins from the first century at Takht-i-Bahi and nearby city ruins at Sahr-i-Bahlol.
- Taxila remains from the Gandhara Civilization.
- Lahore’s Lahore Fort and Shalimar Gardens.
- The ancient city of Thatta’s historic monuments.
- Rohtas Fort, an old fort.
Pakistan has a diverse environment with plains, deserts, forests, hills, and plateaus spanning from the Arabian Sea’s coastal regions in the south to the Karakoram range’s mountains in the north. Parts of the Hindu Kush, the Karakoram Range, and the Himalayas may be found in Pakistan’s northern regions, particularly in Gilgit-Baltistan and the northern side of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. This region has some of the world’s tallest mountains, including K2 and other well-known summits (Mount Godwin Austen, at 8,611 m, the second highest mountain in the world). Five peaks above 8,000 meters, several over 7,000 meters, and the world’s biggest glaciers. More than half of the peaks are higher than 4,500 meters, while more than fifty peaks are higher than 6,500 meters. Azad Kashmir, which is governed by Pakistan, is rich in natural beauty. Its snow-capped peaks, woods, rivers, streams, valleys, velvet green plateaus, and temperature that ranges from Arctic to tropical combine to make it a fantastic tourist destination. Khyber Pakhtunkhwa is a popular tourism destination for explorers and adventurers. The scenery of the province is diverse, with steep mountains, valleys, hills, and thick agricultural fields. There are 29 national parks in Pakistan.
Museums and galleries
Almost every major city in Pakistan has a museum worth visiting, ranging from archaeology and historical to biographical, heritage to military, natural history to transportation. The biggest cities have the greatest densities of these museums, but none compare to Lahore, which is home to the Lahore Museum. The National Museum of Pakistan, the Pakistan Air Force Museum, and the Pakistan Maritime Museum are among the city’s many excellent museums. The Pakistan Railways Heritage Museum in Islamabad is a must-see for anybody searching for a transportation museum.