Urdu is the native and official language of Pakistan, and it is widely used as a lingua franca across the country. Most Pakistanis speak regional languages or dialects in addition to Urdu, including as Punjabi, Pothohari, Sindhi, Pashto (Pushtun), Balochi, Saraiki, Shina, Burushaski, Khowar, Wakhi, Hindko, and others.
English is also an official language in the country (British control began in the 1840s and did not end until 1947). In large cities, English is widely spoken and understood, and many individuals across the nation speak it at various degrees of proficiency. It is extensively utilized in government, educational institutions, and the commercial and corporate sectors, particularly in banking and trade.
Pakistani English is the local dialect of English.