Stay Safe in Nepal
Strikes (“bandas”) and protests do occur from time to time. Some establishments shut, although many exceptions are made for visitors, who are generally well-liked. Inquire about strikes at your hotel or read Nepali newspapers in English.
After signing a comprehensive peace deal with the government in 2006, the Maoist insurgency came to an end.
The government is now in the hands of the Nepali Congress, which won the 2014 election. Tourists are now considerably safer than they were previously due to the shift in administration. Travel to the hiking trails and other tourist attractions is safe. If your nation has an embassy or consulate in Nepal, inform them of your location and intentions, and take any cautious advise they may give carefully.
Pickpockets are uncommon in Nepal’s cities, which are safer than most. However, don’t flaunt your money or make excessive shows of riches.
When using public transportation, use caution. The roads are small, steep, twisting, and often congested. Domestic flights operated by a private business are safer than driving on public highways. Before and during the monsoon season, when the mountains are typically clouded over, the dangers of flying are highest.
If you are severely wounded or ill in an area where there are no roads or airports, medical evacuation by helicopter may be your only option. Companies who provide these services may refuse to provide them if there is no assurance that the bill will be paid, therefore check into medical evacuation insurance. You may inquire whether your embassy or consulate provides payment guarantees.
Stay Healthy in Nepal
Minimizing gastrointestinal issues – These are prevalent in Nepal since most people still don’t have access to proper sanitation. They vary from self-limiting diarrhea where dehydration is the primary danger, through chronic intestinal parasites, amoebic dysentery, and giardiasis that need medical attention, to life-threatening diseases like cholera and typhoid. Even for ordinary intestinal flora, it takes approximately a year and several painful episodes of stomach issues to get used to it, so visitors planning shorter visits should take extra care. Filter or treat your own water, use bottled water after double-checking the lid (limit bottled water usage since there’s no place to dispose of old bottles), or stick to drinks prepared from fully boiled and filtered water. Tea and coffee from tourist-oriented cafés are ‘usually’ safe.
Consider being immunized and receiving preventive therapy. You may get typhoid, cholera, hepatitis, malaria, and even rabies. Read the page on tropical illnesses and talk to your doctor about your trip plans.
It’s either safe sex or no sex. Human trafficking occurs because Nepali women are sought after in India and the Middle East. When health problems become a liability, victims may be permitted to return home and continue ‘working’ for as long as feasible. STDs are becoming more common, and the government has not always been aggressive in terms of treatment and public awareness. You have a limited possibility of learning about a potential partner’s sexual history unless your Nepali is very proficient.
Altitude sickness is a condition that occurs when you are above Base camps and passes in the Himalaya are typically higher than Mount Blanc or Mount Whitney because permanent snow lines are between 5,500 m and 5,800 m (18,000 ft and 19,000 ft). This puts even the most experienced mountain climbers at danger of life-threatening altitude-related medical problems. Choose routes that do not travel high, such as Pokhara-Jomosom, or routes and trekking organizations that provide gamow bags or other therapy, and sleep no more than 300 meters (1,000 feet) higher each day to reduce risks. It’s best to do daytime conditioning climbs that drive acclimatization, then return to a more acceptable height at night, according to the “climb high, sleep low” adage.
Hypothermia is a possibility, particularly if you’re hiking in the spring, fall, or winter to escape the heat at lower altitudes. When the temperature in the Terai is a pleasant 30°C (85°F), the temperature at that base camp or high pass is likely to be in the teens Fahrenheit or -10°C (14°F). Either be ready to walk and sleep in these temperatures (and make sure your companions, guides, and porters are as well), or choose for a lower-altitude trip. Daytime temperatures at 3,000 meters (10,000 feet) are expected to be in the 40s Fahrenheit, or 5 to 10 degrees Celsius.
Rabies – Because dogs are not vaccinated, they often get this deadly illness from other dogs or wild animals. Every animal has the potential to be endangered. Because dogs are ritually polluted and frequently mistreated, determining whether a dog attacked you because it is worried of humans or because it is rabid may be difficult. Before visiting Nepal, you should get a rabies vaccination, although this does not guarantee your safety. Keep an eye out for mammalian behavior that seems confused or aggressive, and go as far away as possible. No matter how adorable a dog, cat, or pig is, do not touch them. Keep a safe distance from monkeys, particularly at Kathmandu’s Monkey Temple (Swayambunath). Seek medical help if you’ve been bitten or if you’ve been exposed to saliva. You may need a longer course of injections to get a greater degree of protection than standard immunization.
Snakebites are more common in hot weather and at altitudes below 1,500 meters (5,000 ft). Poisonous snakes are very widespread, and they kill thousands of people every year. People in the area may be able to distinguish between dangerous and non-poisonous plants. When cobras are irritated, they lift their bodies in the air and spread their hoods; itinerant snake charmers are likely to have specimens for your viewing pleasure. Vipers, like poisonous snakes in North America, have triangular heads and robust bodies. Due of their benign look and highly powerful neurotoxic venom, kraits may be the most deadly. Kraits are very quiet during the day but become more active at night, particularly near homes where they hunt rodents. Krait bites may be painless at first, merely producing numbness. Numbness may develop to fatal paralysis without adequate antivenin, even with bites from tiny, apparently innocuous species. Protect yourself by wearing appropriate shoes and pants rather than sandals and shorts. When going outdoors at night, be careful where you place your feet and hands, and carry a light. Sleeping on raised mattresses or on second floors may help keep nocturnal kraits at bay.