Regions in Nepal
Officially, Nepal is split into 14 administrative zones and five development areas, however travelers may find the conceptual classification below (based on the country’s elevation) more convenient. In order from north to south:
Mount Everest, Annapurna, Langtang National Park, and The Great Himalaya Trail provide many possibilities for sightseeing, hiking, and other adventure sports.
This region, which includes Kathmandu, Boudhanath, Patan, and Bhaktapur, is located in the center of Nepal and serves as a cultural crossroads with many holy temples and monuments.
The Hill Region (Pahar in Nepali) is mostly situated between 700 and 4,000 meters above sea level. The Mahabharat Lekh (Lesser Himalaya) separates this area from the Terai Range, forming a geographic midpoint between the Terai and the Himalayas. It contains the beautiful Pokhara valley, which is a popular starting point for outdoor activities in the region.
Chitwan National Park and Bardia National Park are located on the western side of the Terai mountain range.
Biratnagar, Nepal’s second biggest municipality, is located in a densely populated region.
Cities in Nepal
- Kathmandu — With its Hanumandhoka Durbar Square and the stupas of Boudhanath and Swayambhunath, Kathmandu is Nepal’s capital and cultural center.
- Bhaktapur — Bhaktapur is a well-preserved ancient city, as well as a pilgrimage and pottery-making center in Nepal; no motorized vehicles are permitted.
- Biratnagar — Biratnagar, near Dharan in eastern Nepal, is an important agricultural center and a hotbed of political activity.
- Birgunj — Birgunj is a mid-southern Nepalese commercial hub that connects India and Nepal.
- Janakpur — The 500-year-old Janaki Temple may be found in Janakpur, an ancient religious center.
- Namche Bazaar — Namche Bazaar is a Sherpa hamlet popular with hikers in the Solu Khumbu area.
- Nepalgunj — Bardiya National Park and Banke National Park are both near to Nepalgunj, the major center for the Mid- and Far-Western Development Region.
- Patan — Patan is a lovely, ancient city. UNESCO recognized Patan Durbar Square as a World Heritage Site in 1979.
- Pokhara — Pokhara is a beautiful lake-side town that is quickly becoming a popular tourist destination owing to its beauty, adventure sports, restaurants, hotels, and live music scene.
Other destinations in Nepal
Nepal has long been a haven for traveling ascetics and tantric yogis, sandwiched between the Himalayan snow peaks and the raging Ganges plain. As a result, the nation is home to a plethora of holy places and natural wonders:
- Annapurna – Nepal’s most popular hiking area, home to the world-famous Annapurna Circuit.
- Chitwan National Park is a UNESCO World Heritage Site that is home to tigers, rhinoceroses, and other jungle wildlife.
- Daman is a small mountain hamlet with panoramic views of the Himalayas, which are particularly beautiful at dawn and sunset.
- Haleshi (Tibetan: Maratika) is the location of a mountain cave where Padmasambhava gained enlightenment.
- Lumbini is the holy birthplace of Buddha Shakyamuni.
- Mount Everest, the world’s highest mountain, is located in the Khumbu area.
- Nagarkot is a hill station one hour from Kathmandu with spectacular Himalayan views.
- Parping is home to many holy caves connected with Tibetan Buddhism’s founder, Padmasambhava.
- Tangting is a lovely and little-known traditional Gurung hamlet with a spectacular view of the Annapurna mountain.