There are just a few methods to enter Mongolia since it is a landlocked nation that shares a border with two other countries, Russia and China. You have the option of flying or obtaining a visa for China or Russia and traveling by rail, bus, or car.
Foreigners may cross the border at four locations: three near the Russian border and one near the tiny town of Erlian on the Chinese border.
The following countries/territories do not need a visa to enter Mongolia:
- For up to 90 days: Belarus, Brazil, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Macau SAR, Serbia, Ukraine and United States
- For up to 30 days: Canada, Cuba, Germany, Israel, Japan, Laos, Malaysia, Russia, Thailand and Turkey
- For up to 21 days: Philippines
- For up to 14 days: Hong Kong SAR, Singapore
Be advised that the temporary visa exemption program for citizens of most European and certain additional American nations in 2014-15 has expired, and that if you are not a citizen of one of the countries listed above, you will need to apply for a visa once again.
The procedure of getting a thirty-day visa for other foreign nationals is very easy, needing just a short form and a modest fee at your nearest Mongolian embassy. Longer visas are possible, but they need a letter of invitation from a Mongolian business. These may be arranged via travel firms on occasion. In addition, an expedited visa may be obtained in a couple of hours at the Mongolian embassy in Erlian, but this option comes with a hefty USD50 cost. In the Russian city of Irkutsk, the Mongolian embassy offers a similar service. Although Indian nationals are not needed to apply for a visa, the cost is waived.
An invitation letter is required for tourist visas of longer than 30 days.