Monday, June 27, 2022

Things To See in Mongolia

AsiaMongoliaThings To See in Mongolia

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Mongolia is a large nation that, until recently, was out of reach of tourists and the trappings of civilisation. Even now, getting between the few ‘existing’ locations may be challenging. There isn’t much interesting architecture in the nation. With the exception of the Mongol Empire’s short-lived capital at Karakorum, Genghis Khan’s descendants did not leave much trace of their dominance in their motherland. Genghis Khan, who razed towns from the Yellow Sea to the Caspian, is believed to have only constructed one permanent structure during his lifetime: a storehouse to hold his vast wealth.

Archeology 

Though this building is no longer standing, his son Ogedei’s capital, as well as numerous items at the National Museum in Ulaanbaatar and hundreds of stone monuments and drawings scattered throughout the country, some going back thousands of years, do. Following the Mongol Empire’s slow collapse, a significant number of Tibetan Buddhist monasteries were constructed, serving as the most conspicuous reminders of Mongolia’s past. After Stalin’s religious purges, just a handful remain today. The Amarbaysgalant Monastery in Selenge, the Erdene Zuu Monastery in Karakorum, and the Gandan Monastery in Ulaanbaatar, all active religious locations with a high number of resident lamas, need special mention. More recently, during the communist period, the Russians assisted in the establishment of huge modern towns and modern enterprises, which aren’t very attractive but are interesting, notably Erdenet, Asia’s largest open-pit copper mine.

Monasteries

Mongolia had approximately 750 monasteries and was a theocracy until the religious purges. Many were demolished, while others were converted into museums by the communists to showcase Mongolian art or the luxury of previous religious leaders. The Choijin Lama Monastery and the Bogd Khan Winter Palace are now museums dedicated to the Lamas’ art and the previous king’s toys. Other old monasteries, like as the Amarbaysalant in Selenge Province and the Gandan Monastery in Ulaanbaatar, are slowly reopening and recuperating. The majority of monasteries now are tiny, freshly constructed temples in communities that did not exist before to the purges.

Museums

Apart from the monastery museums, Ulaanbaatar has a number of fascinating and notable museums worth seeing before heading to the countryside. The National Museum of Mongolia is by far the finest, with extensive collections of items dating from the Mongol Empire through the 1990 Democratic Revolution. If you plan on staying in the city for a long period of time, there are many more excellent art museums as well as lesser known historical and nature museums. Outside of the capital, every provincial city has a modest museum, most of which were constructed by communists and haven’t been renovated since they departed. These museums are inexpensive and offer interesting exhibits on local cultures and history.

Nature

The pristine environment of Mongolia seems to be much the same as it has always been. Because of its very low population density, which is among the lowest in the world, it is possible to drive for days without seeing anything except endless undulating steppes, the enormous Gobi desert, or the snow-capped Altai Mountains. Up north, in Hövsgöl province, Siberian woods surround the 2nd biggest freshwater lake in Asia by volume, Hôvsgôl (or “Hövsgöl”) lake, which is extremely attractive. The Flaming Cliffs in Dalanzadgad are not only beautiful to look at, but they also house some of the most significant dinosaur discoveries.

People

The people will undoubtedly be the most unforgettable aspect of any vacation to Mongolia, regardless of what brought you here. Mongolians are extremely welcoming to visitors. No journey to this region is complete without dining with nomadic herders or spending the night with them. Around a third of the population still lives in gers (yurts) on the open steppe as semi-nomadic herders. While their diets are limited to meat, wheat, and dairy, they will attempt to offer a feast of boiled or fried meat and hot milky tea to visitors, along with traditional entertainments such as music, singing, and perhaps dancing. There is some variety depending on the tribe or area you are in, with Kazakhs around lgii having the most distinct language, cuisine, and clothing, as well as the tradition of eagle hunting. While the Tuvans have a lovely, spooky singing form known as Throat singing, and the Tsaatan people herd reindeer near Lake Hövsgöl, the Tuvans have a beautiful, eerie singing style known as Throat singing. Then there are the Lama Monks, who are becoming more popular in monasteries and elsewhere, and the Shaman priests, who follow old animist religions of nature and earth worship and are well-respected in Mongolia.

How To Travel To Mongolia

By plane Chinggis Khaan International Airport (IATA: ULN) in Ulaanbaatar is currently linked to most major airport hubs in Asia and a few in Europe, thanks to a growing mining industry. MIAT Mongolian Airlines, the national airline, offers daily flights (daily during certain peak seasons) from Beijing and Seoul, as...

How To Travel Around Mongolia

Take a GPS and some maps if you want to go about the countryside without a guide. The "Mongolia Road Atlas," which is almost 60 pages long and covers the whole nation, is available in many bookstores. Note that there is a Latin character version and a Cyrillic character...

Visa & Passport Requirements for Mongolia

There are just a few methods to enter Mongolia since it is a landlocked nation that shares a border with two other countries, Russia and China. You have the option of flying or obtaining a visa for China or Russia and traveling by rail, bus, or car. Entry requirements Foreigners may...

Destinations in Mongolia

Regions in Mongolia Based on culture and geography, the nation may be divided into five different areas. There are 21 provinces and one special municipality that make up these areas. Central MongoliaUlaanbaatar and Arkhangai, a famous tourist destination, are included. Eastern MongoliaGenghis Khan's birthplace and the Mongolian steppe's heart Gobias the name implies,...

Accommodation & Hotels in Mongolia

In Ulaanbaatar, there is some western-style lodging, although it is at western rates. There are a few excellent guest houses in UB for less than USD10 a night (as low as MNT3,000 if you're willing to share a room), but they're busy and difficult to get into during the...

Things To Do in Mongolia

Spend the night with a nomadic family, learn about their lifestyle, and share a dinner with them. They provide a true Mongolian experience. This is the most memorable aspect of any vacation, whether you travel just outside of the city or fly to the remote reaches of the nation....

Food & Drinks in Mongolia

Food in Mongolia Mongolians eat mutton or sheep as their primary source of protein. Beef may also appear on the menu from time to time. A big plate piled with fried noodles and slivers of mutton would set you back around MNT2,000-4,000. A big bottle of ketchup will be on...

Money & Shopping in Mongolia

Currency Mongolian currency is the tögrög, tugrik, tôgrôg, tugrug, or togrog (Mongol: тp, sign: MNT), ISO 4217 international currency code. The letters "tg" or "T" may also be seen. MNT1, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 500, 1,000, 5,000, 10,000, and 20,000 banknotes are in circulation. Tipping Tipping is seldom required in Mongolia, with...

Festivals & Holidays in Mongolia

For many Mongols, the annual Naadam celebration (11–13 July) is the most important day of the year. It's the time of year when Mongolians celebrate their "three masculine sports": wrestling, horse racing, and archery, either in Ulaanbaatar or on television or radio. Throughout July, several smaller Naadam celebrations take place...

Internet & Communications in Mongolia

In the capital, there are many Internet cafés and nicer restaurants with Wi-Fi. Because the postal service is sluggish, most individuals use a PO Box to receive mail. It is possible to purchase phone cards that can be used to make low-cost international calls from domestic phones, although not...

Language & Phrasebook in Mongolia

Mongolian is the official language, and everyone in the nation speaks it as their first language, with the exception of the westernmost province, where Kazakh is spoken. Even after months of immersion in the culture, Westerners find it very difficult to acquire and speak the language. It takes a...

Traditions & Customs in Mongolia

Mongols, like their progenitor Chinggis Khan, used to dwell on the steppes and raise horses. Following Western niceties will, predictably, have the opposite impact in Mongolia. However, there are a few ground rules to observe. Receiving things should always be done with the right hand, palm facing up. Drink...

Stay Safe & Healthy in Mongolia

Stay Safe in Mongolia Mongolia, with the exception of Ulaanbaatar, is a safe destination to visit. Pickpocketing and bag slashing have been more common in recent years, so keep your personal possessions secure (money belts are highly advised), particularly in busy locations or places where your attention is distracted, such...

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