Stay Safe in Mongolia
Mongolia, with the exception of Ulaanbaatar, is a safe destination to visit. Pickpocketing and bag slashing have been more common in recent years, so keep your personal possessions secure (money belts are highly advised), particularly in busy locations or places where your attention is distracted, such as internet cafés. The Black Market (bazaar), the train station, and busy bus stations are notorious for thievery.
Outside of the main city, violent crime is rare, although care is nevertheless advised at night, with dark or abandoned alleyways and streets in particular to be avoided.
In Mongolia, corruption is a major issue, and many believe that the police are untrustworthy.
Small groups of Mongolian ultra-nationalist thugs, posing as neo-Nazis, have attacked outsiders, including whites, blacks, and, in especially, Chinese. Foreigner contact with Mongolian women particularly agitates them. They’re mainly found in the capital, particularly at the more affordable pubs and nightclubs.
Lone or female travelers, in particular, must be more alert of their surroundings, since being grabbed in the breast or behind is a frequent occurrence. Some acts, such as dancing close to a guy, will be seen as an open invitation since Mongolians seldom dance in this manner.
Mongolian dogs are known to be hostile and to run in groups. It’s a good idea to be cautious of them since they’re not likely to be as docile as domestic dogs. Most enclosed yards and gers have a guard dog who is generally all bark and no bite, but it is recommended that you make it aware of your presence so that it does not attack you, and that you bring a rock in case it does.
Manhole covers — or, more accurately, the absence thereof — are an incredibly frequent source of injury among foreigners and (particularly intoxicated) visitors. A significant number of missing or improperly positioned coverings may be found in smaller towns and outlying regions of the city. It’s a good idea to avoid walking on any manholes and to constantly be aware of your surroundings.
Stay Healthy in Mongolia
Mongolia has the world’s worst air pollution, with 279 micrograms of “PM10” particles per cubic metre on a yearly basis. It is recommended that you should not attend if you have asthma or any other respiratory condition. Appropriate medical care may be difficult to come by.
Rabies may be present in the canines of nomads. Consider getting a rabies vaccine before arriving as a precaution.
Because marmots may transmit the bubonic plague, they should not be eaten at certain times of the year. However, since the illness is spread by marmot fleas, the infected are mostly fur merchants, and marmot isn’t a popular dish even in Mongolia.
In Mongolia, hepatitis and TB are widespread.