Friday, September 30, 2022

Culture Of Lebanon

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Lebanon’s culture is a result of thousands of years of interaction between different civilizations. Originally inhabited by the Canaanite-Phoenicians, Lebanese culture has developed through millennia by drawing from all of these groups. It has been invaded and colonized by the Assyrians, Persians, Greeks, Romans, Arabs, Fatimids, Crusaders, Ottoman Turks, and most recently the French. Lebanon’s varied population, which includes people of many ethnic and religious backgrounds, has also influenced the country’s festivals, musical styles, literature, and food. The Lebanese “have an essentially similar culture” despite their ethnic, linguistic, religious, and denominational diversity. Lebanese Arabic is widely spoken, and the country’s cuisine, music, and literature are deeply entrenched in “broader Mediterranean and Arab Levantine traditions.”


Khalil Gibran is best known in literature for his novel The Prophet (1923), which has been translated into more than twenty languages. Elias Khoury, Amin Maalouf, Hanan al-Shaykh, and Georges Schehadé are among the modern Lebanese authors who have gained worldwide acclaim.

Moustafa Farroukh was one of Lebanon’s most well-known painters of the twentieth century. Over the course of his career, he exhibited in locations ranging from Paris to New York to Beirut. Many more modern artists are presently working, such as Walid Raad, a New York-based contemporary media artist.

The Arab Image Foundation contains a collection of over 400,000 images from Lebanon and the Middle East in the area of photography. The photos are on display at a research center, and the collection has been promoted via a variety of events and publications in Lebanon and throughout the globe.

Lebanon’s music pervades the country’s culture. Traditional folk music is still popular in Lebanon, but contemporary music that combines Western and traditional Arabic genres, as well as pop and fusion, is quickly gaining appeal. Lydia Canaan, a historical figure and Lebanese musical pioneer, is recognized as the first rock star in the Middle East in the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and Museum’s Library and Archives in Cleveland, Ohio, USA. Traditional Lebanese, classical Arabic, Armenian, and contemporary French, English, American, and Latin songs may be heard on radio stations.

According to film critic and historian Roy Armes, Lebanon’s cinema was the only cinema in the Arabic-speaking area that could be considered a national cinema, apart from Egypt’s. Lebanon has had a cinema since the 1920s, and the nation has produced more than 500 films.

Lebanon’s media is not only a regional manufacturing hub, but also one of the most liberal and free in the Arab world. Reporters Without Borders claims that “the media enjoy greater freedom in Lebanon than in any other Arab nation.” Despite its tiny population and geographical location, Lebanon plays a significant role in the Arab world’s information creation and is “at the heart of a regional media network with global consequences.”


There are four ski resorts in Lebanon. Due to Lebanon’s unusual location, skiing in the morning and swimming in the Mediterranean Sea in the afternoon are both feasible. Basketball and football are two of Lebanon’s most popular competitive sports. Other popular recreational activities in Lebanon include canoeing, cycling, rafting, climbing, swimming, sailing, and caving. Every autumn, the Beirut Marathon attracts elite runners from Lebanon and across the world.

In Lebanon, rugby league is a relatively young but rapidly developing sport. Lebanon’s national rugby league squad competed in the 2000 Rugby League World Cup and qualified for the 2008 and 2013 editions by a whisker. Lebanon again competed in the 2009 European Cup, where the squad beat Ireland to finish third after barely missing out on qualifying for the final. Hazem El Masri, a Tripoli native, will always be remembered as the best Lebanese player of all time. In 1988, he moved from Lebanon to Sydney, Australia. He became the highest point-scorer in National Rugby League history in 2009, collecting 2418 points while playing with the Canterbury-Bankstown Bulldogs in Australia, where he also holds the record for most first-grade appearances (317) and tries (159). He is also the highest try scorer (12 tries) and top point scorer (136 points) for the Lebanese national team at the international level.

Basketball is played in Lebanon. Three times in a row, the Lebanese National Team qualified for the FIBA World Championship. Sporting Al Riyadi Beirut, the current Arab and Asian champions, and Club Sagesse, who have previously won the Asian and Arab championships, are two of Lebanon’s most dominant basketball teams. The most decorated player in the Lebanese National Basketball League is Fadi El Khatib.

The Lebanese Premier League, whose most successful teams are the Al-Ansar Club and the Nejmeh SC, and whose famous players include Roda Antar and Youssef Mohamad, the first Arab to lead a European premier league side, is one of the most popular sports in the nation.

Lebanon has hosted the AFC Asian Cup and the Pan Arab Games in recent years. Lebanon hosted the 2009 Jeux de la Francophonie from September 27 to October 6, and has competed in every Olympic Games since its inception, earning four medals in all.

Samir Bannout, Mohammad Bannout, and Ahmad Haidar are well-known Lebanese bodybuilders.

In recent years, water sports have also proven to be extremely popular in Lebanon. Since 2012, when the Lebanon Water Festival NGO was founded, greater focus has been put on such activities, and Lebanon has been promoted worldwide as a water sport destination. They hold various competitions and water show sports to encourage their followers to get involved and win big.

How To Travel To Lebanon

By plane BEY (Beirut International Airport) lies 5 kilometers (3 miles) south of the city center.Middle East Airlines services daily to Abidjan, Abu Dhabi, Accra, Amman, Athens, Cairo, Cologne, Copenhagen, Dammam, Doha, Dubai, Frankfurt, Geneva, Istanbul-Atatürk, Jeddah, Kano, Kuwait, Lagos, Larnaca, London-Heathrow, Milan-Malpensa, Nice, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Riyadh and Rome-Fiumicino, Warsaw-Okęcie. Turkish...

How To Travel Around Lebanon

Lebanon is a small nation with a journey from north to south taking less than three hours. Service taxis, buses, and cars are the most common modes of transportation. By taxi The bulk of passengers rely on service cabs to move around. "Service" taxis run on fixed routes between towns and...

Visa & Passport Requirements for Lebanon

Visa restrictionsDue to tensions in the Arab-Israeli conflict, residents of Israel and visitors with any proof of visiting Israel will be denied entrance: Israeli entry stamps, departure stamps from Jordanian or Egyptian land borders to Israel, any goods with Hebrew labeling, and so on. Turkish citizens are granted a free...

Destinations in Lebanon

Cities in Lebanon Beirut - the capital and largest cityBaalbek - a Phoenician and Roman archaeological siteByblos (Joubeil) - another city with plenty of remains, castles and museumsJezzine - main summer resort and tourist destination of South LebanonJounieh - known for its seaside resorts and nightclubsSidon (Saida) - plenty of...

Things To See in Lebanon

Lebanon has a diverse landscape, ranging from gorgeous beaches to highlands and valleys. The Lebanese take pleasure in the fact that Lebanon is one of the few nations where you can go skiing in the morning and then go to the beach in the afternoon (although it is impossible...

Things To Do in Lebanon

Night-Life The people of Lebanon have had to adjust to the political unrest. Lebanon is without a doubt the Middle East's party capital. There are several different nightlife districts in Beirut, such as the Gemmayze district, which is mainly full of bars and restaurants, or Monot Street, which has nightclubs...

Food & Drinks in Lebanon

Food in Lebanon Lebanon's food is excellent, with vegetarian meals like tabouleh, fattoush, and waraq ainab, as well as delectable dips like hommos and moutabal. Lebanese barbeque, such as shish tawouq (barbecued chicken) - typically eaten with garlic, lahm mashwiye (barbecued beef), and kafta, are must-haves (barbequed seasoned minced meat). Depending on...

Money & Shopping in Lebanon

Currency The Lebanese pound, abbreviated "LBP," or the "Lebanese Lira," abbreviated "LL," is the most often used acronym. With a value of about LL1,500 to US$1, its value is maintained constant in relation to the US dollar. Almost everything accepts either Lebanese pounds or US dollars, and it's normal to...

Festivals & Holidays in Lebanon

Lebanon observes national holidays as well as Christian and Muslim festivals. Both the Gregorian and Julian calendars are used to commemorate Christian festivals. The Gregorian Calendar is used by Greek Orthodox (save for Easter), Catholics, Protestants, and Melkite Christians, who celebrate Christmas on December 25. According to the Julian...

Traditions & Customs in Lebanon

Because Lebanon is a nation with many distinct religious groups, it is prudent to respect the religious diversity among the Lebanese people. When visiting religious places (churches, mosques, etc.) as well as rural towns and villages, modest attire is advised. Even in Beirut, certain neighborhoods are more conservative than others,...

Language & Phrasebook in Lebanon

Lebanon's official languages are Standard Arabic and Lebanese Arabic, which are close to (but not identical to) the Arabic spoken in Syria, Jordan, and Palestine. Standard Arabic is spoken by almost everyone in Lebanon, and many individuals also speak French and/or English. While most people's primary language is French, English...

History Of Lebanon

The Treaty of Sèvres of 1920 established the current boundaries of Lebanon. The Bronze Age Phoenician (Canaanite) city-states were centered on its land. It was a part of numerous succeeding empires throughout ancient history, including the Egyptian, Assyrian, Babylonian, Achaemenid Persian, Hellenistic, Roman, and Sasanid Persian empires, as well...

Stay Safe & Healthy in Lebanon

Stay Safe in Lebanon The overwhelming majority of Lebanese people are pleasant, and most visitors have no issues. However, tensions with Israel may flare up (albeit they are generally limited to South Lebanon), so visitors should keep an eye on the independent press while in the country. When visiting specific places,...



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