Kazakhstan is a nation with a long history of balanced, peaceful, multi-ethnic social interaction, in which both visitors and residents are treated with respect in daily life, with a few exceptions. In this beautiful nation, visitors will be greeted with friendliness and warmth. However, depending on your location, time of day, circumstances, and personal behavior, your personal safety may range from extremely safe to somewhat dangerous. People of color, South Asians, and Middle Easterners, in contrast to other former Soviet Union nations, should feel at ease.
In general, Kazakh cities are safe during the day, but certain parts of major cities should be avoided at night (e.g. I all parts of Almaty below Tashkentskaya street and all microdistrict areas within these zones, certain other remote microdistricts, and areas with high concentrations of shabby private houses (such as Shanyrak); (ii) in smaller towns, e.g. Taraz, Balkhash, Shymken
Despite the fact that it is prohibited, prostitution has recently grown common in several major cities. Prostitutes often work in hotels, nightclubs, or saunas. In addition, escort services are usually advertised in a separate section of local classified publications. Many sex workers in Kazakhstan are really from neighboring, less developed countries such as Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, and Tajikistan.
Always carry your passport (or a certified duplicate of your passport and visa) with you. While the situation has recently improved, police may still attempt to extort money from foreigners, particularly on trains and long-distance buses. Unless the police involved are inebriated, it is easy to avoid paying them by claiming ignorance or poverty.
The danger of violent crime is similar to that of Eastern European nations and harsher areas of large American cities. An average traveler should not encounter any violent crime and is unlikely to be a victim of petty crime if their behavior in public areas adheres to widely recognized standards.
Excessive alcohol intake and attending a nightclub will always pose a greater danger, particularly if a person goes out alone. It’s best to go out in a group, or even better, with locals. Late at night, individuals speaking other languages may get special attention from local police, who have been known to falsely charge people of minor offenses, arrest them, and try to collect a KZT1,000-5,000 cash payment “fine.” Mobile phones are widely available and should be utilized to contact a buddy who speaks the local language.
A foreign guy approaching a local lady on the street or at a nightclub may attract unwelcome attention from locals or end in an argument. A local husband or father may see normal western attention and regard for women and children, such as a smile or pleasant welcome, as threatening or insulting.
Carrying costly phones, watches, and jewelry in public, or otherwise displaying affluence, may attract the attention of pickpockets and prospective criminals. This should be avoided outside of Almaty and Astana.
There is no tolerance for any narcotics, and even trace quantities may lead to a criminal inquiry, conviction, and jail term. Prisons are notorious for being hazardous and frequently cruel.
Drunk and careless driving is a concern. It is always best to follow driving laws and wear seat belts. Because many taxis operate illegally and with unskilled drivers, utilizing local taxis in most places may pose a greater danger than official public transit. Unlicensed taxi drivers demanding extra payments before releasing baggage from their trunk, or driving away and snatching luggage, are more frequent than one would anticipate in western cities with a well-regulated taxi business. Keep your valuables and passport in your pockets, and your most precious bag on your lap. Taxis and public transit are much less costly than in Western cities.
The Kazakhs are more proud than most Westerners would imagine. As a consequence, offensive or derogatory remarks about Kazakhstan or local Kazakhstanis often result in disputes and even physical assault threats. Arguing with locals is not advised since Kazakhstan is a country where physical force is part of the local culture, which may sometimes lead to a deadly final dispute. Under no circumstances should you connect Kazakhstan with the persona Borat. In West Kazakhstan, there have been reports of violence towards foreign employees. Due to resentment over foreigners stealing local employment and an alleged rape of a local woman, a housing camp for Turkish employees was demolished, and several workers were attacked.