The Kazakhs had a highly developed culture before to Russian invasion, based on their nomadic pastoral economy. With the advent of the Arabs in the 8th century, Islam was brought into the area. It began in the southern regions of Turkestan and moved northward. Through ardent missionary effort, the Samanids aided the religion’s spread. During the 14th century, the Golden Horde spread Islam among the region’s tribes.
Because livestock was important to the Kazakhs’ ancient way of life, most of their nomadic traditions and customs are related to livestock in some manner. Kazakhs have always had a strong interest in horseback riding.
Kazakhstan has produced numerous notable writers, scientists, and philosophers, including Abay Qunanbayuli, Mukhtar Auezov, Gabit Musirepov, Kanysh Satpayev, Mukhtar Shakhanov, Saken Seyfullin, and Jambyl Jabayev.
Kazakhstan’s tourist sector is quickly expanding, and it is integrating into the worldwide tourism network. Kazakhstan joined The Region Initiative (TRI), a tri-regional umbrella of tourism-related organizations, in 2010. The TRI connects three regions: South Asia, Central Asia, and Eastern Europe. Armenia, Bangladesh, India, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Nepal, Tajikistan, Russia, Sri Lanka, Turkey, and Ukraine are now partners, and Kazakhstan is now connected in the tourist industry with other South Asian, Eastern European, and Central Asian nations.
Livestock meat may be prepared in a number of ways in the national cuisine and is often eaten with a broad range of traditional bread items. Black tea and traditional milk-derived beverages like as ayran, shubat, and kymyz are often served as refreshments. A typical Kazakh supper includes a variety of appetisers, soup, and one or two main dishes such as pilaf and beshbarmak. They also consume their national beverage, which is made from fermented mare’s milk.
Kazakhstan has emerged as a strong global sporting force in the following disciplines: bandy, boxing, chess, kickboxing, skiing, gymnastics, water polo, cycling, martial arts, heavy athletics, horseback riding, triathlon, track hurdles, sambo, Greco-Roman wrestling, and billiards. The following Kazakhstani athletes and world-championship medalists are well-known: Bekzat Sattarkhanov, Vassiliy Jirov, Alexander Vinokourov, Bulat Jumadilov, Mukhtarkhan Dildabekov, Olga Shishigina, Andrey Kashechkin, Aliya Yussupova, Dmitriy Karpov, Darmen Sadvakasov, Yeldos Ikhsangaliy
Adilbek Zhaksybekov, the departing president of Kazakhstan’s football organization, said in December 2014 that Kazakhstan will seek to host the 2026 FIFA World Cup.
Kazakhstan’s film industry is managed by the state-owned Kazakhfilm studios, which are located in Almaty. Myn Bala, Harmony Lessons, and Shal are among the films made by the company. Kazakhstan annually hosts the International Astana Action Film Festival and the Eurasian Film Festival. Timur Bekmambetov, a Kazakhstan-born Hollywood filmmaker, has been active in bridging the gap between Hollywood and the Kazakhstan film industry.
At the 2013 Cannes Corporate Media and TV Awards, Kazakhstan journalist Artur Platonov received Best Script for his documentary “Sold Souls” on Kazakhstan’s assistance to the fight against terrorism.
The German Federal Foreign Office awarded Serik Aprymov’s Little Brother (Bauyr) first prize at the Central and Eastern Europe Film Festival goEast.
According to Reporters Without Borders’ World Press Freedom Index, Kazakhstan is rated 161 out of 180 nations. Respublika was ordered to cease publishing for three months by a court order issued in mid-March 2002, with the government as the plaintiff. The order was circumvented by publishing under other names, such as Not That Respublika. A court also issued a cease-and-desist order to the small-circulation Assandi-Times newspaper in early 2014, claiming it was part of the Respublika group. According to Human Rights Watch, “this ridiculous case demonstrates the extent Kazakh authorities are prepared to take to intimidate critical journalists into silence.”
The American Bar Association Rule of Law Initiative established a media assistance center in Almaty with funding from the US Department of State’s Bureau for Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor (DRL) to promote free speech and journalistic rights in Kazakhstan.
UNESCO World Heritage sites
Kazakhstan has three UNESCO World Heritage sites: the Mausoleum of Khoja Ahmed Yassaui, the Petroglyphs within the Archaeological Landscape of Tamgaly, and the Korgalzhyn and Nauryzumsky reserves.