Regions in Israel
Israel is divided into many distinct areas, with scenery ranging from the coast to the mountains, valleys, and deserts, as well as everything in between. Each area of Israel has its own distinct charms outside the towns and cities. The metropolitan cities of Jerusalem and Tel Aviv are very much their own regions; nevertheless, Israel’s regions are as follows from north to south:
Galilee(Upper Galilee, Lower Galilee)
The Galilee area is divided into two subregions: the Lower Galilee, which is marked by low hills separated by valleys, and the Upper Galilee, which is marked by high mountains (the highest of this region is Mount Meron).
Northern Jordan Valley (Kinarot Valley and the Sea of Galilee, Beth Shean Valley)
The Sea of Galilee, Israel’s biggest freshwater lake, and the Beth Shean Valley, situated between the Gilboa mountain range and the Kingdom of Jordan, are both part of this region.
Jezreel Valley and the Gilboa mountain range
The Jezreel Valley is a vast valley that runs from the coastal plain in the west to the Jordan Valley in the east, and is bordered on the north by the Lower Galilee and the south by the mountains of Samaria. The Gilboa mountain range, which stretches for approximately 18 kilometers, is bordered on the east by the Samarian highlands of the West Bank, on the east by the Beth Shean Valley, and on the north by the Jezreel Valley.
A mountain range in northern Israel that stretches from the Mediterranean Sea to the south-east. This area is home to a number of towns and villages, as well as Haifa, Israel’s third biggest city.
Israeli Coastal Plain (Northern coastal plain, The Sharon plain, and the Southern Coastal Plain)
A planar area extending along the Mediterranean coast that is the most developed section of the nation and home to about 70% of Israel’s population. This area is distinguished by sandy beaches and a Mediterranean climate. This region is home to numerous cities, towns, and villages, as well as Tel Aviv, Israel’s second largest city.
A mountainous area in the country’s center that is really a sub-region of the Judaean Mountains. This area includes Israel’s capital, Jerusalem, as well as the country’s biggest metropolis. (The eastern half of the city lies in the West Bank.)
The rich, hilly hinterland bordered on the west by the Coastal Plain, on the east by the Judaean Mountains, on the north by Samaria, and on the south by the Negev.
Southern Dead Sea Valley
The portion of the Dead Sea that is not situated in the West Bank. The Dead Sea, which is fed by the Jordan River, is the lowest place on the planet (427 meters below sea level as of early 2013).
The Negev, Southern Judaean Mountains, Southern Judaean Desert, and the Arava Valley
The Negev region is a desert area in southern Israel that contains the Ramon Crater, among other things. The southern portions of the Judaean Mountains and the Judaean Desert (the northern parts are in the West Bank) are sandwiched between the West Bank and the Negev areas. The Arava Valley is a portion of the Great Rift Valley situated between the Dead Sea in the north and the Gulf of Eilat in the south, forming part of the boundary between Israel and Jordan to the west and east, respectively.
North-east of the Sea of Galilee, there is a mountainous region. Israel occupied the territory in 1967 and unilaterally annexed it in 1981, although Syria claims it. The UN does not acknowledge Israel’s annexation of the Golan Heights. In the area, Israeli law is in effect.
West Bank and Gaza Strip
The West Bank, to the east of the Jordan River, and the Gaza Strip, to the southwest along the Mediterranean coast, are two physically distinct areas. Internationally, no country recognizes it as a part of its territory. As a consequence of the Oslo Accords, the West Bank gets government services (security, medical care, etc.) from Israel, the Palestinian Authority, or a mixture of the two, depending on the specific area. Hamas is in charge of the Gaza Strip.
Cities in Israel
- Jerusalem — Jerusalem is Israel’s capital city, and it has been holy to three faiths for millennia: Jews, Christians, and Muslims.
- Tel Aviv — The White Metropolis, a landmark of Bauhaus architecture and home to the majority of foreign embassies, is located in Tel Aviv, the country’s and region’s most dynamic city.
- Eilat — Eilat, Israel’s window on the Red Sea and a thriving resort city, is known as the “Goa of the Middle East.”
- Beer Sheva — Beer Sheva is the Negev region’s de facto capital.
- Haifa — Haifa is the biggest city in northern Israel and Israel’s third largest city. It is situated near Haifa Bay on Mount Carmel. In 2008, the city’s Baha’i World Center was included on the UNESCO World Heritage List.
- Akko (Acre) — The most holy Baha’i place is Akko (Acre), an old town with a historic harbor.
- Nazareth — Nazareth, Jesus’ hometown, is today Israel’s biggest Arab metropolis.
- Tiberias — Tiberias is a contemporary tourist town on the western coast of the Sea of Galilee with a historic past.
- Safed (Tzfat) — Safed (Tzfat) is a fascinating city full of artists and mystics, as well as the home of ARI, the founder of the Kabbalah school of thought.
Other destinations in Israel
- Old City of Jerusalem – The Old City of Jerusalem is a walled enclave inside the contemporary city of Jerusalem of 0.9 square kilometers (0.35 square miles). It is a significant tourist destination for visitors of many faiths and countries who come from all over the globe to see its sacred sites, which include the Temple Mount, the Western Wall, and the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, to name a few. In 1981, it was included on the UNESCO World Heritage List.
- Old City of Acre – Acre’s Old City is one of the world’s oldest port cities. In 2001, it was included on the UNESCO World Heritage List.
- Sea of Galilee — The Sea of Galilee is Israel’s biggest freshwater lake and the home of Jesus of Nazareth.
- Dead Sea — The Dead Sea is the lowest place on Earth and a sea of hypersalinated water that keeps humans floating.
- Jezreel Valley — The Jezreel Valley is a vast, mostly rural inland valley that stretches from east of Haifa to the Jordan Valley.
- Judean Desert — The Judean Desert is a harsh, dry terrain with many hills and valleys.
- Bahá’í Gardens and World Center – The Bahá’ Gardens and World Center are the spiritual heart of the Bahá’ Faith and are home to the Báb’s Shrine and Terraces. Haifa, Israel’s northernmost city
Prominent national parks in Israel
- Masada, high above the Dead Sea on a plateau, was the site of the Zealots’ last stand against the power of Rome. In 2001, it was included on the UNESCO World Heritage List.
- Ein Avdat is a popular hiking destination with a stunning steep canyon.
- Caesarea National Park is an old Roman city that still has most of its original structure.
- Beth The Shean Valley is the heart of the Jordan River Valley in the north.
- Belvoir Castle is the ruins of a Crusader fortress atop a hill on the Galilee’s eastern border.
- Nimrod Castle is the ruins of a medieval fortress situated 800 meters above sea level in the northern Golan Heights.
- Rosh Haniqra is a series of magnificent caves situated on Israel’s Mediterranean coast, near the northern border with Lebanon.
Prominent nature reserves in Israel
- Ramon Crater is a 40-kilometer-long crater-like landform in Israel’s Negev desert, and the biggest of three comparable craters. It has some spectacular desert views.
- Mount Hermon is a mountain in Israel that is partially inside Israel and half within Syria and Lebanon. The Israeli top of the mountain is 2,224 meters above sea level, making it the country’s highest point. The Hermon natural reserve has a total area of 76,250 hectares. The majority of the nature reserve is contained inside a military zone (except for Hermon Ski resort and the Banias springs area at the slopes of the mountain which are popular visited destination).
- The Carmel Range is a tiny but varied range of hills located immediately south of Haifa.