Festivals & Holidays in Iran
- Norouz Eve, The commencement of the Iranian New Year and the beginning of Spring. On March 20th or March 21st. It has its origins in the Zoroastrian faith.
- Chahar-shanbe Suri (Wednesday festival) – On the previous Wednesday before Noruz. People started fires. Jumping over a fire while reciting a particular phrase is a traditional celebration. It now includes a large number of firecrackers. Despite the fact that the government is opposed to it and police typically disperse gatherings of young people!
- Shab-e Yalda, Yalda’s celebration is also known as Shab-e Cheleh. This celebration dates back to the period when Zoroastrianism was expanding across Central Asia. The event is held in December and the precise date is determined by calculating the longest night of the year. According to the old Persian calendar system, the date always occurs in December (the 21st or 22nd). Yalda is remembered as the night when evil was ultimately vanquished and the divine forces triumphed in the battle for mankind. The event is also seen as the triumph of the holy Zoroastrian God Mazda over the evil Ahriman. The focus, like with other Iranian holidays, is on preparing delicacies at home. Among the many traditional Iranian dishes prepared during Yalda, the usage of melons is highlighted. Eating melon at this time of year is believed to keep diseases at bay. During Yalda, almost every commercial restaurant offers melon-based meals, ranging from pies to breads made with melon seeds. Throughout the day, prayers are conducted, and the festivities intensify as night falls. The bazaars (rustic markets) are best visited in the late nights, when they are brilliantly illuminated.
- Golabgiri, from Kashan, near Isfahan. Some people travel there in the spring to get the native rose water. It has a pleasant aroma and is often used in traditional beverages.
- Jashan-e-Sadeh Festival – The Jashan festival, which takes place in January, is also known as the ‘Zoroastrian Midwinter’ celebration. The term ‘Jashan’ means ‘celebration,’ and this is one of the most passionately observed traditional Iranian holidays. On this day, most families burn a wood pyre. The pyre’s flame is symbolic, as it is said to drive out demons and signal the start of the traditional, Iranian New Year. The heat of the blaze symbolizes purity and a positive omen that triumphs against evil, which is symbolized by the icy, cold weather that prevails in January. During the Jashan holiday festivities, visitors are often seen enjoying tiny bonfires that sprout up throughout every street in Tehran. This is perhaps the greatest method to get familiar with the Iranian people’s cultural heritage. Conversations often center on Lord Mihr’s triumph on the eve of the first-ever Jashan and how this festival was preserved when Christianity dominated in Central Asia and was celebrated as a delayed New Year.