The rain in India only falls at a certain period of the year. The season and the phenomenon that causes it is called monsoon. There are two, the southwest and the northeast, both named after the direction of the wind. The monsoon in the southwest is the most important because it brings rain over a large part of the country and is the key variable that determines the course of the harvest. It usually occurs from June to September. The southwest monsoon hits the west coast hardest, as crossing the western ghats and reaching the rest of India is a difficult task for the winds. Therefore the west coast is much greener than the interior. The northeastern monsoon hits the east coast between October and February, usually in the form of occasional hurricanes that cause great devastation every year. The only region that receives rain from both monsoons is the northeast of India, which consequently has the highest rainfall in the world.
India experiences at least three seasons per year, summer, rainy season (or “monsoon”) and winter, although in the tropical south the climate of 25 ° C (77 ° F) is called “winter”. would expand the concept. The north is exposed to extreme heat in summer and cold temperatures in winter, but with the exception of the Himalayan regions, snow is almost unknown. November to January is the winter season and April and May are the warm months when everyone looks forward to the rain. There is also a short spring in February and March, especially in northern India.
Opinions are divided as to whether any part of India actually experienced an autumn, but the ancients certainly identified such a season among the six seasons (or rite – Vasanta – spring, Greeshma – summer, Varsha – rain, Sharat – autumn, Hemanta – “soft winter” / “late autumn”, leaf – winter) into which they had divided the year.