Geography and climate
Brunei has a semi-tropical climate, whereas Bandar Seri Begawan has a subtropical climate. The hottest month is January, with temperatures ranging from 14 to 33 degrees Celsius. The rainy season is always soft and humid, while the dry season is hot and humid. However, there isn’t much of a difference between the two stations.
Brunei’s topography consists of a flat coastal plain that climbs to the mountains in the east, with Bukit Pagan, at 1,850 meters, being the highest point, and some rugged highlands in the west.
There are no typhoons, earthquakes, major floods, or other natural disasters to contend with, and the most significant environmental issues are seasonal forest fires (caused by illegal clearings) in neighboring Indonesia.
Belait, Brunei Bisaya (not to be confused with the adjacent Bisaya / Visaya Philippines), Brunei Malaysia, Dusun, Kedayan, Lun Bawang, Murut, and Tutong are all indigenous to Brunei.
Brunei’s population was 415,717 in July 2013, with 76 percent of the people living in urban areas. Between 2010 and 2015, the pace of urbanization is expected to be 2.13 percent each year. The average life expectancy in the United States is 77.7 years. Malaysians made up 65.7 percent of the population in 2014, with Chinese accounting for 10.3 percent, Aboriginals for 3.4 percent, and smaller groups accounting for the remaining 20.6 percent. Brunei’s official language is Malay. Brunei’s Ministry of Culture, Youth and Sports backs a linguistic campaign to promote language usage.
Brunei’s official language is Melayu Brunei (Malaise Brunei). Malaysian brunettei is distinct from standard Malay and the rest of the Malaysian dialects, since it is only 84 percent connected to standard Malay and is mostly incomprehensible to one another.
English and Chinese are also commonly spoken, and there is a sizable expatriate population. English is utilized in commerce, as a language of labor, and as a language of teaching from elementary to higher education.
The majority of expatriates come from nations that are not Muslim, such as Australia, the United Kingdom, South Korea, Japan, the Philippines, Thailand, Cambodia, Vietnam, and India.
Arabic, Malay Kedayan dialect, Malay dialect Tutong, Murut, and Dusun are among the other languages and dialects spoken.
Brunei’s official religion is Islam, particularly the Sunni branch, as prescribed by the Shafi’i Madhhab. Islam is practiced by two-thirds of the population, including the majority of Malaysians from Brunei and Chinese from Brunei. Buddhism (13 percent, mostly by Chinese) and Christianity are the other faiths practiced (10 percent ). About 7% of the population is made up of free thinkers, the majority of whom are Chinese. They prefer to portray themselves as having not formally followed any religion, and therefore as atheists in official censuses, despite the fact that majority practice some kind of religion including components of Buddhism, Confucianism, and Taoism. Indigenous religion adherents account for approximately 2% of the population.
Brunei’s tiny but thriving economy is made up of a combination of international and indigenous businesses, government laws, social policies, and local customs. About 90% of GDP is accounted for by crude oil and natural gas production. Brunei produces 167,000 barrels (26,600 m3) of oil per day, making it Southeast Asia’s fourth biggest oil producer. Brunei also produces 25.3 million cubic meters of natural gas per day, making it the world’s tenth biggest natural gas exporter.
Foreign investment generates a significant amount of money, which is supplemented by local output revenues. The Brunei Investment Agency, a department of the Ministry of Finance, is responsible for the majority of these investments. All medical services are provided by the government, while rice and housing are subsidized.
Royal Brunei Airlines, the country’s official carrier, is attempting to establish Brunei as a minor international travel hub between Europe and Australia/New Zealand. This approach revolves on the airline’s presence at London Heathrow Airport. It operates a daily service from the airport, which is highly regulated due to capacity, to Bandar Seri Begawan via Dubai. Shanghai, Bangkok, Singapore, and Manila are among the airline’s main Asian destinations.
Brunei is highly reliant on imports from other nations, such as agricultural items (rice, food, cattle, and so on), cars, and electrical goods. Brunei imports 60% of its food, with ASEAN nations accounting for approximately 75% of the total.
Brunei’s authorities are worried that the country’s increasing integration into the global economy would erode social cohesiveness inside the country. However, as president of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) Forum 2000, he has become a larger role. The leaders want to enhance the workforce, lower unemployment, which was 6.9% in 2014, boost the banking and tourist industries, and expand the economic basis in general.
Brunei’s government has also pushed towards food self-sufficiency, particularly in the rice sector. Brunei Rice 1 was renamed Laila Rice during the Wasan Padi Fields launch ceremony of the “Padi Planting Toward Achieving Self-Sufficiency in Rice Production in Brunei Darussalam” in April 2009. After years of attempting to restore local rice production, the Royal Family gathered the first strains of Laila padi in August 2009, a goal originally stated nearly half a century ago. Brunei Halal, the country’s official halal brand, was established in July 2009 with the goal of selling to international markets.