Bhutan has a rich and distinct cultural history that has mostly remained untouched owing to the country’s seclusion from the rest of the world until the mid-twentieth century. The country’s culture and traditions are one of the major draws for visitors. Bhutan’s Buddhist history is firmly ingrained in the country’s culture. Hinduism is Bhutan’s second most popular religion, with Hinduism being the most popular in the country’s southern areas. The government is working harder to protect and preserve the country’s existing culture and customs. Bhutan has been dubbed “The Last Shangri-la” due to its substantially maintained natural environment and cultural legacy.
While Bhutanese people are allowed to go overseas, many outsiders believe Bhutan to be inaccessible. Another reason for its unpopularity is the expensive cost, which is prohibitive for visitors on a shoestring budget. Citizens of India, Bangladesh, and the Maldives are admitted for free, but all other visitors must register with a Bhutanese tour operator and pay approximately $ 250 per day to remain in the nation. as well as food costs In 2011, Bhutan welcomed 37,482 tourists, with 25% of them coming for meetings, incentives, conferences, and exhibits.
Bhutan is the world’s first country to outlaw tobacco use. The Bhutan Tobacco Control Act of 2010 makes it unlawful to smoke or sell tobacco in public. In Bhutan, offenders are fined $ 232, which is more than two months’ pay.
The gho, a knee-length robe fastened at the waist by a fabric belt known as kera, is the national attire of Bhutanese males. The kira, an ankle-length garment with two matching snaps called koma on the shoulders and kera at the waist, is worn by the ladies. The wonju, a long-sleeved shirt worn beneath the kira, is an accessory for the kira. The toego is a long-sleeved jacket that is worn over the kira. From the inside out, the wonju and tego sleeves are folded into fists.
The texture, colors, and embellishments that adorn the clothes are determined by the social status and class of the wearer. Since Bhutan has historically been a feudal culture, handkerchiefs of various colors, known as rachu for ladies (red is the most prevalent hue) and kabney for males, are significant markers of social rank. Women wear jewelry mostly at religious festivals (tsechus) and public gatherings. Bhutanese legislation mandates all Bhutanese government workers to wear national clothing at work, and all civilians to wear national attire while visiting schools and other government offices, despite the fact that many people, especially adults, prefer to dress in traditional attire. Dress in a formal manner.
Bhutanese architecture is uniquely traditional, with rammed earth and bahareque construction, stone masonry, and exquisite woodwork around windows and ceilings. Nails and iron bars are not used in the building of traditional architecture. The dzong, a kind of castle fortification, is a distinctive feature of the area. The dzongs have functioned as religious and secular administrative headquarters for their respective districts since ancient times. The University of Texas at El Paso in the United States, as well as the neighboring Hilton Garden Inn and other structures in the city of El Paso, have embraced Bhutanese design for its campus facilities.
Music and dance
Traditional elements of festivals include masked dances and dance plays, which are typically accompanied by traditional music. Heroes, devils, demons, heads of death, animals, gods, and caricatures of everyday people are represented by energetic dancers wearing colorful face masks or wooden compositions and stylized costumes. Dancers are patronized by the monarch and help to maintain old folkloric and religious traditions, as well as popular tradition and the skill of mask creation.
Bhutanese music may be classified into two categories: traditional and contemporary; traditional music comprises religious and popular genres, such as zhungdra and boedra; and modern music includes zhungdra and boedra. The contemporary rigsar, which originates from the early 1990s and is performed using a mix of traditional instruments and electronic keyboards, displays the influence of Indian popular music, a hybrid form of popular traditional and western elements.
Bhutanese cuisine is based on rice (red rice), buckwheat, and, increasingly, maize. Pork, beef, yak meat, poultry, and lamb are also part of the native cuisine. They make meat and dry vegetable soups and stews seasoned with chiles and cheese. Ema datshi, a fiery meal made with cheese and chili peppers, may be considered Bhutan’s national cuisine due to its widespread availability and the pride with which Bhutanese regard it. Dairy goods, especially butter and yak and cow cheese, are very popular, and nearly all milk is converted into butter and cheese. Butter tea, black tea, ara (rice wine), and locally made beer are all popular beverages. Bhutan’s Tobacco Act of 2010 made it the first nation in the world to prohibit the sale of tobacco.
Archery is Bhutan’s national and most popular sport. Most communities hold competitions on a regular basis. Technical elements such as the placement of goals and the environment vary from Olympic requirements. Teams fire from one end of the field to the other at two targets that are more than 100 meters apart. Each round, each team member fires two arrows. Traditional Bhutanese archery is a social event, with contests between communities, cities, and amateur teams taking place. There is lots of food and drink available, as well as singing and dancing. Standing around the target and making fun of the shooter’s skill are two ways to distract an opponent. Darts (khuru) is a popular outdoor team activity in which heavy wooden darts are directed towards a pocket-sized target 10 to 20 meters distant with a 10 cm fingernail.
The Digor, which is similar to the shot put and horseshoe throw, is another historic sport.
Basketball is another prominent sport. Bhutan’s national football team faced Montserrat in what was dubbed “The Other Final” in 2002; the match took place on the same day as Brazil’s World Cup final versus Germany, although Bhutan and Montserrat were the two lowest-ranked teams in the world at the time. Bhutan triumphed 4-0 in the match, which was held at the Changlimithang National Stadium in Thimphu. Johan Kramer, a Dutch filmmaker, created a documentary on the party. Bhutan has won their first two FIFA World Cup qualifiers, defeating Sri Lanka 1-0 in Sri Lanka and 2-1 in Bhutan, for a combined score of 3-1. In Bhutan, cricket has grown in popularity, especially with the arrival of Indian television networks. Bhutan’s national cricket team is one of the region’s most successful affiliates.