Bahrain’s official language is Arabic, although English is commonly spoken. Bahraini Arabic is the most commonly spoken Arabic dialect, but it, like other Arabic dialects, varies significantly from standard Arabic. Because a lawmaker must speak fluent Arabic to represent parliament, according to article 57 (c) of the Bahrain constitution, Arabic plays a significant part in political life. Many individuals in Bahrain, both Bahrainis and non-Bahrainians, speak Persian, Iran’s official language, or Urdu, Pakistan’s official language. Nepalese is also commonly spoken among Nepalese laborers and the Gurkha Soldier group. Important indigenous populations speak Malayalam, Tamil, and Hindi. All business establishments and road signs are multilingual, with both English and Arabic written on them.