Stay Safe in Afghanistan
No area of Afghanistan can be regarded immune to violence, and there is always the possibility of direct or random hostility anywhere in the nation at any moment. The remnants of the previous Taliban government and the Al Qaeda terrorist network, as well as other organizations hostile to the International Security Assistance Force’s (ISAF) military operations, are still active. The Afghan government can only maintain order and guarantee the safety of Afghan people and international tourists to a limited extent. Military conflict, land mines, robbers, violent rivalries between political and ethnic groups, and the potential of insurgent assaults, particularly attacks on cars or other improvised explosive devices, make travel in Afghanistan in all regions dangerous (IEDs). The security situation in the nation is turbulent and unpredictable, with certain regions seeing high levels of violence, particularly in the southeast.
Afghanistan’s southern and eastern regions are turbulent and plain hazardous. The non-essential trip is highly advised against. Banditry is a long-standing practice in several regions of the nation, including the far north. The Taliban militants have stated that kidnapping foreigners is one of their primary objectives. 23 Koreans were kidnapped from a public bus in Ghazni province, south of Kabul, in July 2007. Two of them were murdered, and the others were freed a few weeks later after contentious talks with the Korean government.
The northern portion of the nation is regarded safer than the south and east; nevertheless, events can occur on occasion, and a seemingly safe area may quickly become dangerous. Several German journalists were murdered in northern Afghanistan, most likely by criminals or anti-Westerners. In August 2010, ten physicians (eight foreigners and two interpreters) were assassinated.
Landmines and other UXOs (failures) are still a concern across the nation, so stick to well-trodden routes, avoid red-and-white stones, and don’t touch or move suspicious-looking items. According to the Afghan Red Crescent, landmine and UXO incidents hurt or kill 600 to 700 people each year. This is a significant decrease from over 1,600 in 2002. While going across Afghanistan, you will most likely come across demining groups at work.
You should also keep an eye out for insects and snakes, since the hilly terrain is home to numerous dangerous animals such as scorpions, spiders, centipedes, wasps, and so on.
Altitude danger is a major concern in certain locations.
Homosexual acts among consenting adults are prohibited under Afghan law by a slew of harsh penalties, including death. LGBT tourists should exercise extreme caution.
If, after considering the dangers, you decide to go to Afghanistan, you may minimize your risk by hiring an armed escort or traveling with an experienced tour guide. You should also call your embassy and understand what you can and cannot do in an emergency.
Stay Healthy in Afghanistan
Afghanistan has a number of health issues, so it’s a good idea to talk to a travel doctor about vaccinations and health hazards before going. In many areas of the nation, respiratory illnesses such as TB and foodborne infections are prevalent, and malaria is a threat.
Afghanistan is one of the world’s most twisted nations, and you should expect to absorb and breathe it throughout the majority of your stay, even in the major cities. Diesel engine dirt may make things difficult as well.
Flies are famously unpleasant, owing to a lack of hygienic services. Winter provides respite, but come April, they are restored to their full capacity.
Food should be scrutinized with a cautious eye since sanitary regulations are often broken. Food that is hot and freshly cooked is generally safer. Unless you have your own cleaning system, bottled water is also suggested.
Bring any prescription medications from home and don’t expect to be able to get them on the spot. Because analgesics and antidiarrheal medicines are difficult to come by outside of major cities, you may want to consider using them.
Squats are the norm, as they are in much of Asia, with toilet paper being optional and occasionally limited. Western bathrooms may be found in new buildings and certain individual residences.