Afghanistan’s official languages are Pashto and Dari, an Afghan variant of Persian; many Afghans speak both. According to the most recent CIA country profile, Dari is spoken by 50% of the population, particularly in Kabul, Herat, Mazar-e Sharif, and Central Afghanistan. Pashto is spoken by 35% of the population, mostly in the south and east, and it is also spoken in neighboring Pakistan. The remainder are Turkic languages, mostly Uzbek and Turkmen, with 30 minor languages like as Balochi. There are some individuals in Kabul who speak a little English, although it is not widely spoken.
In Afghanistan, the English language has reached its pinnacle. The proportion of people who can communicate in English has reached previously unheard-of levels. President Karazai and his cabinet speak English well. Previously, English was taught in the seventh grade, but it is currently taught in the fourth grade. English street signs are becoming more prevalent throughout the nation. English is Afghanistan’s second foreign language.