Lusaka airport is Zambia’s major international gateway, with flights to a variety of destinations.
- Addis Ababa and Harare with Ethiopia airlines.
- Dubai with Emirates Airlines.
- Nairobi and Harare with Kenya airways.
- Johannesburg with South Africa airways.
- Dar es Salaam with Fastjet,.
- Kigali with RwandAir.
- Gaborone with Air Botswana.
- Windhoek and Harare with Air Nambia.
- Luanda with TAAG Angola airlines.
- Lilongwe and Blantyre with Malawi airlines.
ProFlight Airlines flies to Livingstone, near the famous Victoria Falls, and Mfuwe, in the South Luangwa National Park, Kasama, Ndola, Kitwe, Solwezi, and Kufue National Park in Zambia.
There are direct flights from Livingstone International Airport to:
- Johannesburg with South African Airways, and British Airways.
- Nairobi and Cape Town with Kenya airways.
- Addis Ababa with Ethiopia airlines.
Direct flights are available from Ndola International Airport:
- Johannesburg with South African Airways.
- Nairobi with Kenya airways,.
- Addis Ababa with Ethiopian airlines.
Due to low safety standards, all Zambian airlines are prohibited from flying in EU airspace.
On Tuesdays and Fridays, TAZARA trains operate between Kapiri Mposhi, Zambia, and Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. The journey will take 38 hours, according to the timetable. A train trip between Dar es Salaam and Zambia is a lovely opportunity to explore the landscape at a low fee ($30 for first class and $25 for second).
However, there are a few considerations to keep in mind regarding this trip:
- Bring some water with you.
- Passports are stamped as soon as the train reaches the border, which is likely in the middle of the night. This is, of course, when thieves operate. If you’re in a first- or second-class cabin, use extreme caution while opening the door.
- If you miss the immigration official, you’ll be turned around and sent back to the border, or you’ll be given a stamp awaiting payment of a “special tax.”
- Immediately upon crossing the border, the crew no longer accepts the currency of the country you just exited. In other words, if you’re going from Lusaka to Dar es Salaam, your Kwacha is no longer legal currency after you pass the border; you must use Shillings instead. Since a result, it’s a good idea to convert money before embarking on your trip, as blackmarketeers along the train provide terrible conversion rates.
- Keep valuables away from windows, particularly at stops.
- In most trains, there are restaurant cars in the center and at the end, as well as a train saloon section with a bar. However, the restaurant and bar may have run out of supplies at certain points along the way.
- Reservations are not usually honored; if you boarded in the midst of the trip, someone may already be sleeping in your berth.
- Women and men may share a compartment in first class, however only females and males can share a compartment in second class.
- In the 1970s, the Tazara (Tanzania Zambia railroads) were constructed with Chinese assistance and labor. However, since the wagons were imported from China, they are of a high quality. In the past several decades, upkeep has been relatively inadequate.
- The last destination in Zambia is a tiny village called Kapiri Mposhi, which is located in the middle of nowhere. There are plenty of minibuses ready to take you to Lusaka, which is approximately a 2-3 hour journey. On the road to Lusaka from Kapiri, the first town that merits that designation is Kabwe (it is one of the five most polluted places on the planet attributable to mining!)
The cost of a second-class sleeper train ticket from Kapiri Mposhi to Tunduma, Tanzania, is 135 Kwacha. The trip is 883 kilometers long (549 miles).
Via Zimbabwe/Victoria Falls: Trains operate between Bulawayo and Victoria Falls in Zimbabwe. Take a cab or a 13-kilometer walk over the border at the Victoria Falls Bridge to Livingstone station in Zambia, where you may board a Zambia Railways train to Lusaka and the Copperbelt, which connects with the Tazara railway at Kapiri Mposhi.
Zambian vehicles drive on the left side of the road.
There are many ways to enter Zambia by vehicle, however the following are the most popular:
- through Livingstone (in the south) from Zimbabwe
- via the Chirundu Bridge (in the south) from Zimbabwe
- via the Kariba Dam (in the south) from Zimbabwe
- through Chipata (in the east) from Malawi
- through Chingola (in the Copperbelt) from the Democratic Republic of the Congo
- via the Katima Mulilo Bridge from Namibia
- via the Kazungula Ferry from Botswana
- through Tunduma and Nakonde from Tanzania
Depending on the size of the vehicle, crossing foreign borders by automobile will incur a fee. The procedure may also take a long time since you will have to pay at several booths or offices, which are frequently in inconvenient locations. You may expect to spend the following for a basic sedan:
- Carbon tax at K50, payable in kwachas only
- Third-Party Insurance costs about US$46 and may be paid in rands, dollars, or kwachas.
- You’ll also have to pay a US$10 toll charge, which must be paid in dollars since there are no toll gates on the road in Zambia. If you are just traveling inside the nation, like as from Kazungula to Livingstone, you may purchase a $5 road pass.
- The Kazungula Ferry costs about $10 per vehicle, payable in Kwacha. On the boats, there are black market merchants, although their rates are poor.
Border crossings are not without corruption, and traveling by vehicle puts you at a higher risk. Arrive late in the day to avoid having to pick between paying a bribe or spending the night in your vehicle at the border crossing.
By International bus
From Zambia, there are many international bus routes. Taking a bus over the border into Malawi, Zimbabwe, Tanzania, and Namibia is an option. Given the high number of individuals needing simultaneous processing, immigration may be arduous.
Zambia is landlocked, although it shares a border with Tanzania’s Lake Tanganyika, and international ferries traverse the lake several times a week. M/S Liemba was constructed in Germany in 1914, dismantled, transferred to Tanzania, transported by rail to Kigoma (Tanzania), and then rebuilt there. It is a Titanic-era ship that has sunk twice, yet it is a beautiful ship with decent services. If you have the time, you should go on this vacation. You will also have to cross the Zambezi River if you enter Zambia via Namibia’s Caprivi Strip.