Monday, June 27, 2022

History Of Uganda

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Until 1,700 to 2,300 years ago, Ugandans were hunter-gatherers. Bantu-speaking people came to the country’s southern regions, most likely from central and western Africa. The Empire of Kitara, which existed in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries, was the first organized organization, followed by the kingdom of Bunyoro-Kitara, then Buganda and Ankole in subsequent years.

In the 1830s, Arab merchants migrated interior from East Africa’s Indian Ocean coast. British explorers looking for the Nile’s source followed them in the 1860s. In 1877, Protestant missionaries arrived, followed by Catholic missionaries in 1879. In 1888, the United Kingdom established the British East Africa Company and governed the region as a protectorate until 1894. In 1914, the final protectorate known as Uganda arose through the amalgamation of numerous previous provinces and chiefdoms. A sleeping sickness pandemic killed over 250,000 individuals between 1900 and 1920.

Uganda gained independence from the United Kingdom in 1962, and the country’s first elections took place on March 1, 1961. The Democratic Party’s Benedicto Kiwanuka was elected as the first Chief Minister. The next year, Uganda became a republic while remaining a member of the Commonwealth. Supporters of a centralized state fought against those who favored a flexible federation and a significant role for tribally-based local kingdoms in subsequent years. The political maneuvering reached a peak in February 1966, when Prime Minister Milton Obote violated the constitution and seized complete control of the government, ousting the president and vice president from office. Uganda became a republic in September 1967, with a new constitution that granted the president considerably more powers and eliminated the ancient kingdoms.

Obote’s administration was deposed on January 25, 1971, by a military coup headed by Idi Amin Dada, the leader of the armed forces. Amin proclaimed himself “president,” disbanded parliament, and rewrote the constitution to give himself complete authority. Idi Amin’s eight-year reign resulted in economic collapse, societal breakdown, and widespread abuses of human rights. Because they had backed Obote and formed up a significant portion of the army, the Acholi and Langi ethnic groups were targeted by Amin’s political persecution. During Idi Amin’s reign of terror, the International Commission of Jurists estimated that more than 100,000 Ugandans were killed; other authorities put the number as high as 300,000.

Tanzanian military forces repelled an invasion by Amin’s soldiers into Tanzanian territory in October 1978. The Tanzanian army, supported by Ugandan exiles, fought Amin’s forces and the Libyan soldiers who had been sent to assist him. Kampala was seized on April 11, 1979, and Amin and his surviving troops withdrew. This resulted in the restoration of Obote, who was ousted by General Tito Okello in 1985. Okello reigned for six months until being ousted after a “bush war” between the National Resistance Army (NRA) headed by the current president, Yoweri Museveni, and other rebel factions, including Andrew Kayiira’s Federal Democratic Movement and another led by John Nkwanga.

Museveni has been the president of Uganda since 1986. He was hailed by the West as part of a new generation of African leaders in the mid to late 1990s.

Uganda has recently made headlines due to a contentious legislation that makes homosexual sex punishable by life in prison and makes failing to notify an offender a criminal offense.

How To Travel To Uganda

By plane Ugandan air transport is centered at Entebbe Airport. Many flights to African cities depart from here. South African Airways offers direct flights to and from Johannesburg on a daily basis.Turkish Airlines has daily flights from Istanbul to Entebbe, with connections to Europe and Asia.Emirates operates daily Boeing 777-200LR flights from Entebbe to...

How To Travel Around Uganda

By boda-boda The boda-boda is a popular mode of transportation in Kampala and neighboring cities. These are tiny mopeds, motorbikes, bicycles, or scooters with back cushions that are utilized by locals for inexpensive transportation. If you're going to use a boda-boda, be very cautious since they're often engaged in accidents;...

Destinations in Uganda

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Visa & Passport Requirements for Uganda

Ugandan visas are now available online at visas.immigration.go.ug, as well as in embassies and high commissions across the country. The Uganda Visa Policy is based on the reciprocity principle, which means that all countries that need visas for Ugandans also require visas for Ugandans. Fees for visas will begin on...

Accommodation & Hotels in Uganda

Uganda has a large number of hotels. If you stay on the upper end, expect to spend over $100 a night. Typical traveler Simple rooms with shared toilets will be available for approximately 15,000 to 30,000 shillings in guest homes, lodges, and inns. for the really frugal traveler There are...

Things To See in Uganda

There are plenty of accessible vacation highlights in Uganda. Uganda, dubbed the "Pearl of Africa" by Winston Churchill, is known for its stunning scenery and kind people. Uganda is still one of the poorest nations in the world, and it is still rebuilding from some terrible years, but it...

Things To Do in Uganda

In Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, go gorilla tracking. You'll need to purchase a permit, which must be reserved in advance owing to limited availability (only a few tourists are taken near the gorillas a day, in order not to disturb them). With a permit in hand, you'll be able...

Food & Drinks in Uganda

Food in Uganda Ugandan cuisine is a wonder. Luwombo, which is beef or groundnut sauce cooked in banana leaves, is available to try. It has a delectable fragrance and is always served with "meal," which in Ugandan slang refers to any kind of carbohydrate. Plantain matooke in the south, millet in...

Money & Shopping in Uganda

The Ugandan shilling (UGX) (sometimes spelled Ush or Shs) is the country's currency. This indication (5,000/-) will also appear. UGX50,000, 20,000, 10,000, 5000, 2000, and 1000 bank notes, as well as 500, 200, 100, and 50 shilling coins, are available (10, 5, and 1 shilling coins exist but are...

Internet & Communications in Uganda

The majority of the nation is covered by mobile phone networks (about 80%), although topography may create problems in hilly areas. SIM cards are inexpensively available in'starter packs' everywhere, but they must be registered before they can be used. Internet cafes may be found in Kampala and Jinja, as well...

Traditions & Customs in Uganda

Uganda is a Christian/Muslim country with a strict culture. Wearing revealing clothes or blatantly displaying one's sexuality is usually frowned upon by women. The sole exception is in specific Kampala nightlife settings. The majority of Ugandans attend church or mosque on a regular basis and believe religion to be...

Language & Phrasebook in Uganda

The lingua franca is English, which is widely spoken to various degrees of competence. The most educated utilize British English, although Ugandan English frequently takes on a life of its own. Ugandans speak a variety of African languages, the most popular of which is Luganda, which is nearly widely...

Culture Of Uganda

Uganda's culture is varied due to the vast number of groups. Many Asians (mainly from India) who were exiled from Uganda during Amin's reign have returned. Sport The country's national basketball squad is becoming more successful. The Silverbacks are the team's moniker, and they made their debut in the 2015 FIBA...

Stay Safe & Healthy in Uganda

Stay Safe in Uganda Since its independence in 1962, Uganda has been home to some of the most horrific crimes in modern African history, especially under the vile tyrant Idi Amin, but things have steadily improved since 1987. After 25 years of Yoweri Museveni's stereotypically'strong man' leadership, the country is...

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