In Tanzania, the bus is the most prevalent mode of transportation. Although first-class air-conditioned buses are available on the Dar-Moshi-Arusha route, most vehicles have a basic design and the roads are bad (Dar Express – ticket office on Libya Street downtown or office no. 45 at Ubungo). Dar es Salaam is served by almost all buses. Ubungo, Dar’s primary bus terminal (from which all buses depart), is located 8 kilometers west of the city center. Several of the nicer “intercity buses” provide free beverages and cookies. In Dar, minibuses known as Dala-Dalas may be used to go about the city for a low price. Except for longer trips, the fee is posted on the front next to the entrance and is typically TSH 250 for adults (2011). The bus route is also painted on the front and sides of the vehicle, for example, ‘Posta-Mwenge,’ and a color coding system is used. The major downtown daladala hub is Posta (located outside the central post office on Azikiwe/Maktaba Street). Kariakoo, Mwenge, Buguruni, Ubungo, and others are among the others. Take the daladala, sit down if one is available, and pay the conductor (‘konda’) when he waves his pile of money at you in a significant manner. The konda announces the names of the stations; if you don’t know where you are or what your goal stop is called, it will be difficult to determine where to get off. If possible, ask someone at your destination, because the daladala stops sometimes have no signs at all – people ‘just know’ that certain street corners are the daladala stop, and the names aren’t always obvious (for example, ‘Sudani’ on the Masaki-Posta line, near the Sudanese ambassador’s residence on Toure Drive). When you hear/see your stop and want to get off, say “Shusha!” (let me off), and the konda will bang twice on the chassis, causing the driver to veer to the side and come to a complete stop. The daladalas are not particularly late; the Msasani and Mwenge pathways on the east side of town are the most recent.
Three-wheeled tuktuks/baby taxis/CNGs/bajajis whizz about as well. They are less expensive than taxis and can avoid traffic bottlenecks. Although it’s probably not the safest choice, I’ve never heard of any bajaji-related issues. You may negotiate the price ahead of time, but the driver may not know your destination (8there is no such thing as ‘knowledge’ in Dar es Salaam) and therefore will not know how much to charge. The drivers I’ve had have typically offered quite reasonable rates at the destination (maybe with a decent’skin tax’ for white folks), and you can usually tell if they’re attempting to rip you off by their leer. It’s useful to know the Swahili words for “right” and “left”: kulia (right), kushoto (left), moja kwa moja (straight), simama (halt), asante kaka (thanks brother).
Private cabs are also a good option, but be careful to haggle the price before taking one. Fellow passengers may be able to provide recommendations for a fair fare. Some locations (such as the Dar es Salaam Airport) have a robust taxi cartel that sets fixed rates.
Flying across Tanzania is quicker and safer if you can afford it.
Even the busiest highways are in bad shape, and bus drivers aren’t renowned for their patience or driving abilities. In Tanzania, road accidents take more lives than any other cause of mortality.
Car rental entails renting a vehicle for personal use.
Tanzanian car rental is inexpensive, and there are many dependable 4WD jeeps such as Landcruisers and Landrovers available for hiring. In Tanzania, 4WD vehicles are comfortable and can endure any weather conditions. Choose private transport in a Landcruiser or Landrover to travel comfortably everywhere in Tanzania, whether in rural regions or national parks.
In major airports such as Dar es Salaam Julius Nyerere Airport, Kilimanjaro International Airport, major cities, and all towns that are peripheral to tourist destinations like Moshi, Mwanza, Arusha, and Karatu around Ngorongoro, there are several local Tour Operators that have fleets of cars for hire.